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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 30, 1951

    Letter, Owen Lattimore to Isa Yusuf Alptekin

    Lattimore tells Alptekin that he is "doing my best to stimulate more study" of Xinjiang in the United States.

  • May 23, 1952

    Despatch No. 652, American Consulate, Calcutta, India, to the Department of State, Washington, 'Transmitting Memorandum of Conversation between Consular Office and Prince Peter of Greece regarding Tibet'

    US Consular Office William Gibson and Prince Peter of Greece discuss developments in Tibet and Indo-Tibetan trade. Princess Irene offers unflattering views on a group of White Russian refugees who exited Xinjiang via Kalimpong and later immigrated to the United States. In a cover note, Evan M. Wilson dismisses Irene's comments but notes that Prince Peter's information was 'quite accurate.'

  • August 20, 1952

    Minutes of Conversation between I.V. Stalin and Zhou Enlai

    Conversation between Stalin and Zhou Enlai concerning the extension of the Port Arthur agreement, the construction of a Sino-Mongolian railroad to the Soviet Union, and the situation in Korea. On the issue of Korea, they discussed sending arms shipments to China and Chinese arms production; the possibility of a Chinese offensive in Korea; and the return of POWs. Stalin reaffirmed his commitment to assisting China in the war in Korea.

  • May 10, 1954

    Letter from Mohammad Emin Bugra, Former Deputy Chairman of Xinjiang Province, to Yolbars Khan, Chairman of the Office for the Xinjiang Provincial Government

    In a letter to Yolbars Khan, Mohammad Emin Bugra call for the Republic of China to "take a benign stance in supporting Xinjiang’s independence."

  • August 04, 1955

    Letters from Kazak Refugees in Turkey to Yolbars Khan

    Refugees from Xinjiang, writing from Turkey, ask for Yolbars Khan for assistance.

  • October 08, 1955

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry to the Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Office, 'Can Pakistan Establish a Consulate in Kashgar?'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry asks officials in Xinjiang whether Pakistan should be allowed to open a consulate in Xinjiang.

  • October 29, 1955

    Cable from the Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Office to the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'On the Pros and Cons of Pakistan Establishing a Consulate in Xinjiang'

    The Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Office responds to the query about Pakistan opening a consulate in Xinjiang.

  • July 16, 1956

    Report and Recommendations by Yolbars Khan on Uighur and Kazak Refugees in the Middle East

    Yolbars Khan reports on the conditions of refugees from Xiniiang in Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Kashmir, and Pakistan, including the rival groups led by Isa Yusuf Alptekin and Emin Bugra.

  • January 07, 1958

    Memorandum on a Discussion held by the Consul-General of the USSR in Ürümchi, G.S. DOBASHIN, with the Secretary of the Party Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Comrade LÜ JIANREN

    Lü Jianren briefs Dobashin on calls for an independent Uyghur republic.

  • January 12, 1958

    Memorandum on a Discussion held by the Consul-General of the USSR in Ürümchi, G.S. DOBASHIN, with Deputy Chairman of the People’s Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Comrade XIN LANTING

    Xin Lanting discusses growing calls for the separation of Xinjiang from the People's Republic of China.

  • January 17, 1958

    Memorandum of a Discussion held by USSR Consul-General in Ürümchi, G S. Dobashin, with First Secretary of the Party Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Comrade Wang Enmao, and Chair of the People’s Committee, Comrade S. Äzizov

    In a conversation with the Soviet Consul-General, Wang Enmao describes "local nationalism" within Xinjiang and open hostility towards Chinese Communist Party rule.

  • January 20, 1958

    Note from G. Dobashin, Consul-General of the USSR in Ürümchi, to Comrades N.T. Fedorenko, Zimianin, and P.F. Iudin

    G. Dobashin summarizes recent talks with leading officials in Xinjiang, including Wang Enmao, S. Äzizov, and Xin Lanting, about the Party Plenum in Xinjiang. Full versions of the conversations are attached to the file.

  • January 22, 1958

    Memorandum on a Discussion with Wang Huangzhang, Head of the Foreign Affairs Office of the Prefectural People's Committee

    Wang Huangzhang reports on "local nationalism" in Xinjiang and poor agricultural conditions in the region.

  • February 05, 1958

    Iu. Andropov to the Central Committee of the CPSU, 'On the Struggle with Local Nationalism in China'

    Iu. Andropov of the Liaison Department of the Central Committee of the CPSU describes Chinese Communist Party meetings in Xinjiang and "local nationalism" in China's far northwest.

  • February 10, 1958

    Note, M. Zimianin to the Central Committee of the CPSU and to Comrade Iu. V. Andropov

    A cover sheet for a memorandum of conversation between Soviet diplomats and leading officials in Xinjiang.

  • March 03, 1958

    M. Zimianin to the Central Committee of the CPSU and to Comrade Iu. V. Andropov, 'On Manifestations of Local Nationalism in Xinjiang (PRC)'

    During party meetings in Xinjiang, some individuals advocated for the creation of an independent Uyghur republic.

  • August 18, 1958

    M. Zimianin to the Department of the Central Committee of the CPSU and to Comrade Iu. V. Andropov

    E. I. Shalunov meets with the Chief of the Education Department of the People’s Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Comrade Zakirov, to discuss criticisms against other local leaders in XUAR and recent Party meetings.

  • March 22, 1962

    Cable from Yili District Party Committee, 'Provisions on Making Proper Arrangements for the Livelihoods of People Living in Border Areas'

    The District Party Committee of Yili, Xinjiang, distributes regulations on improving the livelihoods of citizens living near the Sino-Soviet border.

  • April 21, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Handling the Issue of Border Residents Fleeing from Yili and Tacheng to the Soviet Union'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry directs border guards in Xinjiang to interface with Soviet counterparts.

  • April 21, 1962

    Telephone Reporting Points from Comrade Xu Huang, Deputy Director of the Department of Consular Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Chinese official Xu Huang reports possible reasons for the exodus of Uyghurs and Kazakhs from Xinjiang.