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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • January 26, 1993

    Speech by the Head of Delegation of Ukraine Y. I. Kostenko at the Opening of Negotiations with the Russian Federation on the Elimination of Nuclear Weapons

    At the opening of negotiations with Russia on the elimination of nuclear weapons from Ukraine, Kostenko discusses Ukraine's main concerns: ensuring reliable operation and storage of nuclear warheads in Ukraine until their liquidation, maintaining the Armed Forces of the CIS' control over the operation of Ukraine's nuclear arms, and the recognition that all weapons on Ukrainian territory or removed to Russia after independence belong to Ukraine which will determine how and where to safely dismantle them.

  • February 03, 1993

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, 'Possible Consequences of Alternative Approaches to Implementation of Ukraine’s Nuclear Policy (Analytical Report)'

    The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine issues an analytical report on the possible consequences of alternative approaches by Ukraine in the implementation of nuclear policy.

  • February 08, 1993

    Cable from Brazilian Foreign Ministry to Embassy in Washington, 'Brazil-France. Science and technology. Visit of D. José Israel Vargas. Meeting with Minister Hubert Curien.'

    This cable describes the visit of Brazilian Minister of Science and Technology José Israel Vargas to France. Israel Vargas met his French counterpart Minister of Science and Space Hubert Curien. Israel Vargas asked the French minister about the possibility of a French contribution to the Brazilian space program by transferring technology. Curien answered that this is not possible because the French government respects its international commitments regarding the transfer of sensitive technologies.

  • February 18, 1993

    Statement by Leonid M. Kravchuk, President of Ukraine, at the World Economic Forum, Davos, 30 January 1993: 'How to Prevent the Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons'

  • February 19, 1993

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, 'Additional Information on Possible Consequences of Alternative Approaches to Ukraine’s Nuclear Policy'

    Zlenko provides the Verkhovna Rada with additional information on the possible consequences of alternative approaches to Ukrainian nuclear policy following the Ministry of Foreign Affairs' earlier report, including the capital investments necessary to maintain a nuclear missile complex in Ukraine, the poilitical ramifications of changing Ukraine's status to a nuclear owning country, the extent of security gaurantees to Ukraine from nuclear states, and Ukraine's intent to not violate the NPT.

  • March 03, 1993

    On Comprehensive Solution of a Wide Range of Issues related to the Deployment of Strategic Nuclear Weapons and Tactical Nuclear Warheads on the Territory of Ukraine, Removed in the Spring of 1992 from Ukraine for Dismantlement and Elimination

    This report on the Ukrainian-Russian negotiations on nuclear weapons outlines the position of both Russia and Ukraine.

  • March 24, 1993

    Speech by South African President F.W. De Klerk to a Joint Session of Parliment on Accession to the Non-Proliferation Treaty

    The Permanent Representative of South Africa to the United Nations sends an extract of a speech delivered by South African President F. W. de Klerk announcing developments relating to South Africa’s nuclear capability, the normalization of international relations and accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

  • April, 1993

    Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Newsbrief, Number 21

    A compilation of the latest news, events, and publications related to nuclear weapons and nuclear non-proliferation. The “Newsbrief” was produced by the PPNN and personally edited by Ben Sanders.

  • April, 1993

    Press Release: Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferaion Workshop in Harare: Africa and Nuclear Non-Proliferation

    Press release summarizing the PPNN workshop in Zimbabwe.

  • April 01, 1993

    Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation, 'Africa and Nuclear Non-Proliferation: An International Workshop for Government Officials, Batanai Gardens/Holiday Inn, Harare, Zimbabwe, 1-4 April 1993''

    Outlines program for PPNN Africa Workshop for government officials.

  • April 02, 1993

    PPNN Workshop, Zimbabwe, April 2-4, 1993: South Africa's Nuclear Deterrent Programme and Non-Proliferation Policy: Additional Information Presented at the Workshop

    Summarizes PPNN Workshop, Zimbabwe and South Africa's nuclear deterrent program

  • April 02, 1993

    Africa and Nuclear Non Proliferation PPNN Workshop General Report

    Summarizes the events and issues of the PPNN workshop for Senior Government Officials in the Africa and Nuclear Non-proliferation program.

  • April 04, 1993

    Cable Ambassador Ricupero to the Brazilian Foreign Ministry, 'Brazil-United States. Alcântara. Visit of Lockheed representative.'

    This report describes the meeting between the Brazilian diplomat Carmen Moura and Lockheed’s representatives Kenneth Fisher and Noel Horn. The main issue discussed at the meeting was the feasibility of the creation of the joint venture between Lockheed, the Russian Kruchinev and the Brazilian group Monteiro Aranha. The venture would utilize American made satellites from Lockheed, satellite launch vehicles from Kruchinev and the Brazilian launching site at Alcântara Launch Center.

  • April 16, 1993

    Record of Japan-United States Summit Meeting

    This record contains summaries of: (1) the tête-à-tête meeting between President Clinton and Prime Minister Mizazawa; (2) a small group meeting involving the President and Prime Minister, as well as several senior members of the US and Japanese cabinets; and (3) an expanded working lunch. Topics of discussion included U.S.-Japan strategic and economic relations, climate change, the Uruguay Round, policies towards Russia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Cambodia, Haiti, and China, and Japan's status at the United Nations. Various portions of the document were withheld, including an entire section on North Korea.

  • April 17, 1993

    Cable from Brazilian Ambassador Ricupero to the Brazilian Foreign Ministry, 'Brazil-USA. Sensitive technologies. Non-proliferation. Meeting with the DAS for non-proliferation.'

    On April 1993, Brazilian diplomats met once more with Robert Einhorn, now Deputy Assistant Secretary for Chemical Weapons and Proliferation. Einhorn was mainly concerned with the delay in the approval of the export control legislation in Brazil and wondered if the issue was not losing priority in the Brazilian government’s agenda. He also tried to discourage the development of Brazilian SLV by arguing that it would not be economically advantageous for the country.

  • April 21, 1993

    Minister A.M. Zlenko to Prime Minister of Ukraine L.D. Kuchma

    Zlenko sends the Prime Minister of Ukraine a report on the possible consequences of Ukraine not joining the NPT, particularly the succession of Ukraine of to the obligations of the former USSR to the NPT. The report concludes that Ukraine can either ratify the NPT as a non-nuclear state and adhere to its previously stated intentions on nuclear weapons or not ratify the NPT. It suggests that Ukraine should participate in the NPT along with START-1 and the Lisbon Protocol.

  • April 21, 1993

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and State Committee of Ukraine for Nuclear and Radioactive Security, 'Possible Consequences of Ukraine Not Joining the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (Analytical Report)'

    The Foreign Ministry issues a report on the possible consequences of not joining the NPT given Ukraine's position, following the breakup of the USSR, as neither a nuclear or non-nuclear state.

  • April 23, 1993

    Africa and Nuclear Non-Proliferation: A PPNN Workshop for Senior Government Officials, Batanai Gardens, Harare, Zimbabwe, 2-4 April 1993: General Report

    Summarizes the events and issues of the PPNN workshop for Senior Government Officials in the Africa and Nuclear Non-proliferation program.

  • April 29, 1993

    Memorandum for Marc Grossman from William H. Itoh, 'Presidential Memcons with Presidents Walesa, Iliescu, and Zhelev'

    Clinton and Walesa discuss U.S.-Polish relations and steps their countries could take to coordinate policy vis-a-vis Russia. (Clinton's memcons with Iliescu and Zhelev were withheld during declassification in September 2019.)

  • April 30, 1993

    Letter, Boris Yeltsin, President of the Russian Federation, to L.M. Kravchuk

    Boris Yeltsin writes to Kravchuk urging Ukraine to follow through with the implementation of START-1 as discussed per their negotiations in Moscow. He says that Russia will not recognize Ukraine's property right to nuclear weapons in Ukrainian territory and that Ukraine cannot use CIS structures to control its nuclear forces.To aid in the recycling of nuclear warheads in Ukraine, Yeltsin offers Russian assistance.