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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • November 13, 1956

    Draft Minutes of the Conference of Foreign Affairs of the Member States of the ECSC on 20 and 21 October 1956

    This document details discussions which took place during the Conference of Foreign Affairs between members of the ECSC in regard to extending their integration.

  • January 05, 1957

    Proposal On the First Launches of Artificial Earth Satellites Before the Start of the International Geophysical Year

    Suggesting launch of a smaller and simpler satellite before the beginning of the International Geophysical Year

  • January 20, 1957

    Note on the Control System and the Powers of the Commission on Export and Ownership of Fissile Materials

    This note dicusses control mechanisms of Euratom, concluding that sufficiently large powers are given to the Commission to ensure effective control.

  • February 10, 1957

    Letter by Max Kohnstamm to Jean Monnet on the Committee of the Three Wise Men

    This letter to Jean Monnet details the success of recent meetings between President Eisenhower, the Atomic Energy Commission, and other parties.

  • February 15, 1957

    CPSU Central Committee Presidium Decree, 'On Measures Connected with Carrying out the International Geophysical Year'

    Presidium (Politburo) decree approving request to launch a simpler satellite at the beginning of the International Geophysical Yea

  • February 21, 1957

    Telegram from Couve de Murville

  • March 13, 1957

    Message from EURATOM delivered by Alfred Iddles, President of the Atomic Industrial Forum, at the 1957 Nuclear Congress Banquet

    This address at the 1957 Nuclear Congress Banquet describes the success of the latest efforts in Europe to reach a comprehensive agreement on atomic energy with the United States.

  • March 22, 1957

    Memorandum from the Soviet Government to the Chinese Government on the Arms Reduction Issue

    A memorandum from the Soviet government to the Chinese updating them on the arms reduction talks, a key component of which was a prohibition of the testing of atomic and hydrogen weapons. The Soviet proposal also called for reductions in conventional weapons and the prohibition of installing nuclear weapons outside their territorial borders.

  • March 23, 1957

    Memorandum of Conversation between John Foster Dulles and Selwyn Lloyd, 'Atomic Energy Items: (1) French Request (2) Test Limitation'

    US-UK discussion of French nuclear weapons potential and efforts that could be undertaken to hinder or advance the their program. The French request for technical assistance from these two governments was also covered.

  • April 10, 1957

    Memorandum from V. M. Riabikov and S. P. Korolev to N. S. Khrushchev on the State of Preparations for the First Launch of the R-7 Intercontinental Ballistic Missile

    Preparations to launch the first R-7 ICBM

  • May 07, 1957

    Press Conference on 7 May 1957 by Louis Armand, 'A Target for Euratom'

    This press conference given by Louis Armand, future first president of Euratom, details a report advocating the creation of an industrial substrate capable of producing by the end of the century abundant energy so that Europe may regain its independence and rethink its economy.

  • May 16, 1957

    Report of V. M. Riabikov, M. I. Nedelin, K. N. Rudnev, and S. P. Korolev to the CPSU Central Committee

    Results of first launch of the R-7 ICB

  • May 20, 1957

    Report No. 118 from Young Kee Kim to Syngman Rhee

    Young Kee Kim briefs President Rhee on the increasing number of American arms in the Far East and the immigration issue between China and Philippines in Formosa.

  • May 25, 1957

    French Ambassador to West Germany to Foreign Minister Christian Pineau, 'Extension to Berlin European Treaty on the Common Market and Euratom'

  • May 31, 1957

    Department of State Office of Intelligence Research, 'OIR Contribution to NIE 100-6-57: Nuclear Weapons Production by Fourth Countries – Likelihood and Consequences'

    This lengthy report was State Department Bureau of Intelligence and Research's contribution to the first National Intelligence Estimate on the nuclear proliferation, NIE 100-6-57. Written at a time when the United States, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom were the only nuclear weapons states, the “Fourth Country” problem referred to the probability that some unspecified country, whether France or China, was likely to be the next nuclear weapons state. Enclosed with letter from Helmut Sonnenfeldt, Division of Research for USSR and Western Europe, to Roger Mateson, 4 June 1957, Secret

  • July 11, 1957

    Handwritten Letter from Nie Rongzhen to Zhou Enlai on the Development of the Atomic Energy Industry

    A letter to Zhou Enlai informing him that the industrial development plan for China's atomic energy program has not been finalized and that the technical agreement with the Soviet Union must be delayed.

  • July 22, 1957

    Report No. 124 from Ho Joon Park to Chung Whan Cho

    Minister Park briefs Minister Cho on the 250 million dollars economic development loan provided in the reparations agreement, possibility of the revision of the US-PI bases agreement, and the establishment of an atomic energy research center in Quezon City.

  • August 12, 1957

    Letter from Zhang Wentian to the Soviet Chargé Concerning the Development of the Atomic Energy Industry

    A letter from the Chinese Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs to the Soviet Chargé informing him that revisions must be made to the “Agreement on the Provision of Technical Assistance from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics to the People’s Republic of China in Establishing an Atomic Energy Industry,” and that until it is revised the delivery of technical equipment should be delayed.

  • August 12, 1957

    Letter from Max Isenbergh, Special Assistant for Atomic Energy, to Robert Schaetzel, Office of Special Assistant to Secretary of State for Atomic Energy, enclosing 'Franco-German Coordination of Advanced Weapons Research, Development, and Production'

    During the summer of 1957, diplomats in London and Washington were becoming uneasy as they learned that France and West Germany were setting up formal arrangements to cooperate in the development of advanced weapons systems.

  • August 29, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with the Counselor of the Embassy of the USSR, Comrade. Makarov on 27.VIII.1957

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Makarov discuss North Korea's Five-Year Plan and the suggestions and assistance being offered by the Soviet Union and China.