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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September, 1953

    Report of the Polish Diplomatic Mission in Berlin for the Period 21 June - 31 August 1953

    Polish ambassador to the GDR, Jan Izydorczyk, reports on the internal political situation in the GDR as a result of the June riots. New plans and proceedings deliberated at the 15th Plenum of the SED CC are also discussed.

  • September 08, 1953

    Radio Free Europe Report on the Strikes in Plzen during Early June 1953

    Account of a 31-year-old locksmith who took part in the protests in Plzen.

  • September 10, 1953

    CIA Information Report, 'Aftermath of the Riots'

    A CIA report presents information about the aftermath of the East German Uprising and known plans and actions taken by the SED in terms of arrests and reconstruction efforts.

  • September 25, 1953

    Draft Instructions to Chuikov and Semyonov

    In March 1953, Moscow had declined Ulbricht’s request for tightening up the sector border in Berlin, then the major loophole in the SED leadership’s efforts to seal off East Germany. In the aftermath of the demonstrations and unrest in Berlin, the SED leadership apparently tried to reintroduce the idea of increased “border security” in Berlin. Eager to salvage whatever was left of its political position as a champion of German unity, Moscow again held such measures as politically “disadvantageous” and “unacceptable.” Certainly, the Kremlin was also aware of the continued widespread resentment among the Berlin and GDR population which made any more restrictive measures a risky undertaking. Instead, the Soviets urged the SED to increase its “fight against hostile elements” in West Berlin—an issue that would become more and more the focus of Soviet attitude on Berlin.

  • September 29, 1953

    Memorandum of Conversation between the Chinese Ambassador to the USSR and Gromyko

    International relations between the USSR, China, USA, and England; a proposal to have discussions among the different nations in regards to the solution for post-WWII Germany; mention of an attempt to lessen tension.

  • September 30, 1953

    Implementation of Jackson Committee Recommendations on Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty

    The Operations Coordinating Board forwards CIA’s acceptance of Jackson Committee recommendations that the Free Europe Committee and American Committee for Liberation concentrate on radio broadcasting to the Soviet bloc as distinct from émigré support projects.

  • October 16, 1953

    CIA Information Report, 'Estimated Damage as a Result of the June 16/17 Mass Demonstrations'

    A CIA report presents an assessment of the damages and monetary value of the damages following the East German Uprising, estimated by East German governmental offices.

  • November 16, 1953

    Fomenting Unrest in the Communist World

    C.D. Jackson, now assistant to President Eisenhower, urges CIA director Allen Dulles to make contingency plans to exploit future unrest in the Communist world during a perceived “Winter of Discontent.”

  • November 18, 1953

    CIA Dissent from C.D. Jackson’s Views

    CIA official Tracey Barnes, reacting to C.D. Jackson’s memorandum of November 16, 1953 ("Fomenting Unrest in the Communist World"), cautions against encouraging active resistance in Eastern Europe.

  • November 23, 1953

    Agreement on Korean Technical Personnel Receiving Training in China and Chinese Technical Personnel Working in Korea Made by the Governments of the People’s Republic of China and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

    The full-text of the Agreement on Korean Technical Personnel Receiving Training in China and Chinese Technical Personnel Working in Korea signed on 23 November 1953 by Zhou Enlai and Nam Il

  • November 25, 1953

    Memorandum by V. A. Malyshev, et. al., to the Presidium of the CPSU Central Committee on the Creation of a Long-Range Missile with a Nuclear Warhead

    On the creation of a long-range missile to carry nuclear warheads

  • December 03, 1953

    Reception of Chinese Ambassador Zhang Wentian, 30 November 1953, 12:00 p.m.

    At the reception the appointment of the new USSR ambassador to China P.F. Yudin were welcomed by Zhang Wentian. The problem of food supply due to a difficult fall harvest were discussed, and a rationing system was proposed by V.M. Molotov.

  • December 11, 1953

    National Security Council, NSC 174, Draft 'United States Policy Toward The Soviet Satellites In Eastern Europe'

    This report by the National Security Council discusses Soviet control over Eastern Europe, barriers to Soviet control of the satellites, and the power threat that consolidation poses to the United States. As a result, the NSC recommends that United States pursue a policy of resistance towards Soviet domination of its Eastern European satellites, and should impose pressure and propaganda to weaken Soviet influence.