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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 28, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Libya'

    The document describes the state of economic and trade relations between Italy and Libya focusing on acquisitions of crude oil. A short section also discusses American interests in Libya.

  • May 28, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Reagan's letter to the Prime Minister about issues related to SALT II (dated 26th May 1986)'

    Analysis by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding Reagan's (May 26, 1986) letter to PM Craxi. It discusses intended American responses to Soviet violation of SALT II treaty, and calls for consultations with NATO member states.

  • May 31, 1986

    Telegram by the Italian Embassy in Ottawa to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ''Ministerial Atlantic Council in Halifax - East West relationship / Problems related to SALT II'

    Telegram from Italian Ambassador to Canada to the Foreign Ministry recounting the motives behind president Reagan's decision to abandon the SALT II treaty, as provided by Secretary of State George P. Schultz at at the Atlantic Council of Ministers.

  • May 31, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Libya'

    Brief note about the current position of Italy vis-a-vis Libya. Although state-supported terrorism in Libya should be fought, it is important to avoid escalating the antagonistic sentiments and pushing Libya to align with the USSR.

  • August 05, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Consequences of US-Libya conflict'

    A comprehensive analysis of the possible consequences of U.S. airstrikes in Libya in the short- , medium-, and long-term. Key themes include the impact on inter-allied relations, reaction from Arab countries, terrorism, and superpower relations.

  • August 05, 1986

    Memorandum of Conversation between Craxi and Armacost

    Diplomatic advisor Antonio Badini's report from the meeting between Craxi and Armacost regarding international terrorism, situation in Libya and Syria, and deterioration of East-West relations.

  • October 13, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'East-West relations'

    The document analyzes the state of East-West relations in the aftermath of the Reykjavik Summit. There appears to be an openness to continuing dialogue by both sides, but many unknowns still persist regarding Europe and the Middle East.

  • October 16, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The Reykjavik Summit and issues related with disarmament'

    An analysis of the Reykjavik Summit touches on the impetus of the two parties, the outcome of the negotiations, and their possible implications for Italy.

  • October 23, 1986

    Telegram by Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Jannuzzi), 'Meeting of the Minister with Lord Carrington'

    Foreign Minister Andreotti and Secretary General of NATO, Lord Carrington discuss the effects of the Reykjavik Summit in the European context.

  • October 25, 1986

    Diplomatic Adviser of the Prime Minister, 'Report of the meeting with NATO's Secretary General Lord Carrington (24th October, 1986)'

    Summary of the meeting between PM Craxi and Secretary General of NATO, Lord Carrington in the aftermath of the Reykjavik Summit. The two leaders exchange opinions on the outcome of the summit and the continuing arms control negotiations.

  • December 13, 1986

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Ministerial Session of the Atlantic Council - Point II of the agenda. Speech of US Secretary of State Shultz about the prospects of post-Reykjavik scenario'

    Secretary of State, George P. Schultz analyzes US position following the collapse of the US-Soviet talks in Reykjavik. He discusses credibility of nuclear deterrence, US commitment to Europe and increasing conventional forces.

  • December 13, 1986

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci, 'Ministerial Session of the Atlantic Council - Point II of the agenda. Discussion in restricted session about the prospects on East-West relations in the post-Reykjavik scenario'

    The document discusses the internal debate caused by Schultz's address at the Atlantic Council of Ministers. NATO countries are divided into two camps regarding the strategy and pace of nuclear disarmament and reduction talks.

  • January 01, 1987

    Message by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Directorate General for Political Affairs and Security (DGAP), 'Visit of Nitze and Perle in Rome - ABM-SDI issue'

    In preparation to receive Nitze and Perle in Rome, the memo discusses the European concerns vis-à-vis what is seen as American intentions to abandon the ABM treaty. The document focuses on the Italian perspective and lists questions to be posed during the visit.

  • February 07, 1987

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Directorate General for Political Affairs and Security (DGAP), 'Prospects on the acceleration of the SDI program'

    Assistant Secretary of State, Holmes participates in a SCG meeting to address allies' questions and concerns related to the proposed acceleration of the SDI program.

  • April 14, 1987

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The FNI negotiations. The problem of SRINF and that of the "conversion". West Germany's stance'

    The document briefly describes the US and Soviet views on the question of SRINF reductions, and discusses the German concerns about the process.

  • April 14, 1987

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The issue of SRINF. Italy's position'

    The document spells out the Italian position in the debate over SRINF reductions and introduces three hypothetical solutions.

  • April 15, 1987

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Meeting between the Minister [Andreotti] and Minister Genscher'

    Notes from the meeting between Foreign Minister of Italy, Giulio Andreotti, and Foreign Minister of West Germany, Hans-Dietrich Genscher. The theme of the discussion is strengthening of the bilateral relationship between Italy and West Germany, the two major non-nuclear powers in Europe.

  • April 15, 1987

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affaris, 'NATO - Restricted Council. Carrington's visit in the US; subject FNI'

    Secretary General Carrington describes his experiences during his recent trip to the US. He reports a wide-spread "puzzlement" among Americans regarding the European attitudes towards the issue of intermediate-range nuclear forces in Europe.

  • May 06, 1987

    Letter from the Ambassador Sergio Romano to the Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    Italian Ambassador to Moscow, Romano, shares his reflections on the change in Soviet SDI strategy. Romano's analysis underlines the politically fragile and potentially dangerous situation that could emerge as the result of nuclear disarmament in Europe.

  • May 09, 1987

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'General Rogers' position on US-USSR negotiations for nuclear arms control (LRINF and SRINF)'

    Telegram from Italy's permanent representative to NATO re-caps the controversial position presented by the Supreme Allied Commander Rogers. General Rogers criticizes the Reagan administration's strategy and expresses concern over the disparity between NATO capabilities and those of the Warsaw Pact.