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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 15, 1991

    CPSU CC Report on Assistance to the People's Party of Iran, 15 January 1991

    Report from K.N. Brutentz about providing assistance to the People's Party of Iran. [Attached to CPSU Report, 17 August 1987].

  • September 16, 1991

    From the Interview by the Honorary Chairman of the SPD, Brandt, with Die Welt

    Willy Brandt's interview with Die Welt on unified Germany and the break-up of the Soviet Union.

  • October 17, 1991

    Telegram by Ambassador Vanni D'Archirafi, 'NATO summit in Rome - Possible "Relationship agreements" between NATO and Central-Eastern Europe countries'

    The document emphasizes the need for increased dialogue and cooperation with Central and Eastern European countries. It presents three alternative frameworks for cooperation.

  • November 11, 1991

    Memorandum by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the Secretary General, 'Atlantic summit in Rome - Assessment'

    A summary of the Alliance's New Strategic Concept and the Rome Declaration on Peace and Cooperation published during the Rome Summit with comments from the Italian foreign ministry.

  • February 08, 1993

    Cable from Brazilian Foreign Ministry to Embassy in Washington, 'Brazil-France. Science and technology. Visit of D. José Israel Vargas. Meeting with Minister Hubert Curien.'

    This cable describes the visit of Brazilian Minister of Science and Technology José Israel Vargas to France. Israel Vargas met his French counterpart Minister of Science and Space Hubert Curien. Israel Vargas asked the French minister about the possibility of a French contribution to the Brazilian space program by transferring technology. Curien answered that this is not possible because the French government respects its international commitments regarding the transfer of sensitive technologies.

  • June 15, 1993

    Interview with Bertrand Goldschmidt by Avner Cohen

    Transcript of Avner Cohen's 1993 interview with Dr. Bertrand Goldschmidt. Goldschmidt was a leading French nuclear scientist who helped develop the PUREX plutonium extraction technique. In this interview, Goldschmidt explains the background of the French role in constructing the Dimona nuclear facility.

  • June 17, 1993

    Interview with André Finkelstein by Avner Cohen

    Transcript of Avner Cohen's 1993 interview with André Finkelstein. Finkelstein, deputy director of the IAEA and a ranking official within the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), discusses Franco-Israeli nuclear technology exchange and collaboration in this 1993 interview.

  • June 07, 1994

    Note, Greek Presidency of the Council on Working Group on Non-Proliferation of the European Union

    In 1994, the European Union decided for the first time to play a role in the NPT Review Conference, with a view towards the NPT Review and Extension Conference in 1995. This note stipulated that the EU should demonstrate consensus in support of extending the NPT and persuading non-members to join the treaty.

  • July 07, 1994

    Minutes of the Meeting of the Working Group on Non-Proliferation of the European Union

    In a meeting, the Working Group started to develop the wording of the Council Decision on the NPT Review and Extension Conference in 1995

  • July 19, 1994

    Council of the European Union, 'Joint Action Regarding Preparation for the 1995 Conference of the States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons'

    The EU Working Group on Non-Proliferation developed the first draft what later became the Council Decision 94/509/CFSP. The draft identified three decisions: to convince states outside the Treaty to join it; to encourage participation in the remaining Preparatory Committee meetings;and to build consensus for indefinite extension. The proposal was a so-called “A” Item, meaning that the Foreign Ministers would not even discuss it; they only were to approve it.

  • September 15, 1994

    Preparatory Committee for the 1995 Conference of Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, 'European Union (EU): NPT Extension Options and Modalities'

    European Union document on legal aspects in connection with the NPT.

  • February 08, 1995

    German Bundestag, 13th Legislative Period, Proposal for 'Indefinite and Unconditional Extension of the Non-Proliferation Treaty'

    Proposal for extension of NPT and related steps for the German federal government to take to support non-proliferation.

  • April 14, 1995

    Telegram from NATO Deputy Secretary General De Franchis, 'NATO-Russia relations and Italy's position'

    Deputy Secretary General of NATO Amedeo De Franchis briefs Italian embassies about the state of NATO-Russia relations, and the Italian position. He emphasizes the importance of Russian security concerns and calls for caution in NATO's enlargement strategy.

  • April 17, 1995

    Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation, NPT Conference 17/4/95-12/5/95, 'Darryl’s meeting with Sven Jurchewsky [sic] 145/95'

    Summary of meeting with Canadian diplomat Sven Jurschewsky about strategy for the NPT review confernece.

  • June 15, 1995

    German Bundestag, 12th Legislative Period, 'Printed Matter 12/5116--Resolution Recommendation and Report of the Foreign Relations Committee (3rd Committee)'

    Resolution for the extension of the Non-proliferation Treaty and setting goals for NPT policy.

  • June 29, 1995

    German Bundestag, 13th Legislative Period, 'Response of the Federal Government to the Small Inquiry of the SPD faction—Printed Matter 13/1455—Strengthening the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons'

    Review of steps taken by the German federal government to limit proliferation of nuclear weapons.

  • July, 1996

    A. Bouzid, ‘Summary of Armament during the 1954 Revolution'

    Summarizes the logistical process and efforts of armament for the Algerian revolution, from 1947-1962. Lists the various countries who supplied the Algerians with weapons and ammunition, including Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Libya, East Germany, and China. Outlines, in detail, the processes for transporting weapons across borders, the logistical structure of departments handling distribution and supply of weapons for the revolution, and modes of transport for these supplies.

  • August 29, 1996

    Letter from Minister of Defense Diplomatic Adviser Sessa to General Secretary Biancheri, 'Adjustment of the Alliance; Updating of the situation and of the possible orientations of Italy's position'

    A detailed study on actual and potential adaptation measures of the NATO, and Italy's position vis-à-vis the coming changes. The document illustrates serious concerns over possible marginalization of the Italian role in the future of the alliance.

  • February 22, 1997

    President of Centro Alti Studi Difesa, ' Note for the Minister - NATO's enlargement. Scenarios, Italian interests and possible options'

    The report examines the challenges associated with the enlargement of NATO, and identifies Italian interests and concerns. It outlines the motivations driving the enlargement efforts, and draws attention to the possible reduction in Italian role in the European context.

  • April, 2004

    KGB Active Measures in Southwest Asia in 1980-82

    Materials provided by former KGB archivist Vasili Mitrokhin to CWIHP, following the publication of the Working Paper No. 40, "The KGB in Afghanistan." As with all Mitrokhin’s notes, his compilation on Soviet “active measures” in South and Southwest Asia is based on other smuggled-out notes and was prepared especially for CWIHP. Please read the Notes on Sources for information on the nature and limitations of these documents.