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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 30, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Shtykov to Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko and Instantsia (Stalin)

    Telegram from Shtykov to Gromyko and Stalin reporting the dire circumstances into which the North Koreans had fallen in the wake of the Incheon landings. Mentioned is a correspondence between the North Koreans and Mao which hinted at possible Chinese aid.

  • September 30, 1950

    Cable No. 600308, Shtykov to Stalin, transmitting Letter from Kim Il Sung and Pak Heon-Yeong

    Telegram from Kim Il Sung and Pak Heon-yeong telling Stalin of the losses they have incurred following American air and ground attacks in South Korea and of their general lack of supplies and trained personnel.

  • October 01, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Kim Il Sung

    China advises Kim Il Sung to have the North Korean armies retreat north of the 38th parallel as quickly as possible after the First Front Army was cut off by the opposing side.

  • October 01, 1950

    Telegram from Vyshinsky

    Kiselev's mistakes during the discussion of Korean issue is reported.

  • October 01, 1950

    Syrian Activities in Lebanon

    Short report on the movements and activities of Akram Hourani and his colleagues while in Lebanon.

  • October 01, 1950

    News from Syria

  • October 01, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai (via Roshchin)

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao and Zhou Enlai asking that they consider moving 5-6 divisions of Chinese volunteers to the China-DPRK border in order to give the North Koreans cover under which to reorganize their troops. Stalin explicitly states that he will not mention this idea to the North Koreans.

  • October 01, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 75352, Feng Xi [Stalin] to Shtraus [Shtykov] and Mayveyev [Zakharov]

    Stalin cables his chief political and military representatives in Pyongyang in response to messages relating the increasingly dire situation in Korea as North Korean forces were driven back across the 38th parallel. Stalin demands that they establish defenses along the 38th parallel to prevent further American advance and even go on the offensive by organizing “guerrilla warfare” in the south behind enemy lines.

  • October, 1950

    Soviet Council of Ministers Resolution on Sending Soviet Troops to China

    Soviet Council of Ministers Resolution listing Soviet forces to be sent to China to train and support Chinese troops.

  • October 02, 1950

    Telegram from Chanfu (Bulganin) to Matveyev (Razuvayev)

    Bulganin stresses to Razuvayev the importance of the withdrawal of the Korean troops “by all means” toward the north, in order to rescue the Soviet cadres.

  • October 02, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    Zhou Enlai notifies Ambassador Ni Zhiliang about the estimated arrival of Pak Il-u and advises Kim Il Sung to order the troops that were cut off by the opposing side and have no way to retreat to persist in guerrilla actions where they are.

  • October 02, 1950

    Cable, from Chan-Fu to Matveev

    Cable stating that orders to retreat by any means possible (in groups, or individually) must be given out immediately to the remaining soldiers and commanders in the South.

  • October 02, 1950

    Prince Farid's Meeting with an American Diplomat

    Report regarding a meeting between Farid Chehab and the American Military Attache during which the Attache requests that reverses reforms made to the power structure of the police and the surete generale.

  • October 03, 1950

    Telegram from Stalin to Vyshinky

    Stalin's opinion on criticism towards Cde. Kiselev.

  • October 03, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram from Roshchin in Beijing to Filippov (Stalin)

    Telegram to Stalin from the Soviet Army General Staff on combats with the US.

  • October 04, 1950

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Gao Gang, He Jinnian, and Ni Zhiliang

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions on the mobilization of Korean drivers in the northeast.

  • October 04, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    Zhou Enlai instructs the Chinese military officer observation group not to go south of the 38th parallel, but to split into two groups and examine the situations of different areas of Korea.

  • October 04, 1950

    Request to Stop Publishing Claims in Newspapers

    Request that local newspapers stop publishing articles on the Lebanese Women's Rights Committee and the Pacifists.

  • October 05, 1950

    Telegram from Gromyko to Shtykov, approved by CC Politburo

    The CPSU CC approves the draft telegram from Gromyko authorizing Shtykov's request for evacuation of Soviet specialists from North Korea.

  • October 05, 1950

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions to pay attention to the northern advance of the South Korean army and the retreat of the North Korean army, and to collect information on the 12th Division's occupation of Wonju. He also notes Pak Il U's return to North Korea.