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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 14, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Feng Xi (Stalin) to Kim Il Sung (via Shtykov)

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung informing him of the finalization of China's decision to send troops to North Korea's aid.

  • October 14, 1950

    Letter from Zhou Enlai to Stalin

    Zhou Enlai requests military equipment and support for Chinese operations from the Soviet side, and asks for instructions on solving the issue of command relationships between the North Korean, Chinese, and Soviet forces.

  • October 19, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions to the Chinese embassy in North Korea, stating that the main purpose of the embassy’s work is keeping in contact with the North Korean government and following the North Korean government’s actions.

  • October 20, 1950

    Letter from Gromyko to Stalin on Korean Students in USSR

    Report of the decisions on the training of Korean students of aviation and telegraph operation, graduate students, and specialists. The Korean ambassador, Ju Yeon-ha, requested to be informed in the preparation of the students and to be able to ask questions about the training.

  • October 20, 1950

    Telegram, from Golovko to Stalin

    Dispatches around 8:00 on October 20 reported that three Korean boats, a big hunter (trapper), a torpedo boat, and a patrol boat crossed the Soviet border with Korea and requested permission to take refuge in the bay.

  • October 25, 1950

    Central Committee Politburo decision with approved directives to Foreign Minister Vyshinsky (at the United Nations in New York) and to Soviet Ambassador in Washington

    Memorandum from the VKP(b) CC to Vyshinksy and the Soviet Representative to the Far Eastern Commission ordering them to protest to their respective bodies in support of the DPRK, the use by the US of Japanese servicemen and military units in combat against DPRK forces.

  • November 01, 1950

    Telegram from Stalin to Shtykov

    Stalin wants to know in the North Korean government wants Soviet advisers, or if they would prefer to invite the Chinese.

  • November 02, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram from Shtykov to Fyn-Si [Stalin], Transmitting a Letter to Stalin from Kim Il Sung

    In agreement with the Chinese comrades, Korean reserves are to be withdrawn to Manchuria, including nine infantry divisions, and officers school, a tank regiment-in-training, and an air division with an aviation regiment-in-training. Six combat divisions will be preparing in Korea.

  • November 02, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, S.E. Zakharov, Soviet Military Representative in Beijing, to Feng Xi (Stalin)

    Telegram to Stalin reporting on the status--operational readiness and losses incurred--of North Korean air forces.

  • November 08, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin)

    Request from Mao to Stalin for infantry arms, detailing specifically types and amounts of requested munitions.

  • November 08, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions on advising Kim Il Sung to remain optimistic and publicize the Chinese People's volunteer Army's involvement in the Korean War, stating that the opposing side is not prepared for a protracted war and thus is prone to panic.

  • November 08, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu, Peng Dehuai, and Gao Gang

    Zhou Enlai attempts to arrange a meeting between Kim Il Sung and two Chinese leaders, Peng Dehuai and Gao Gang, to discuss military operations and arrangements.

  • November 09, 1950

    CC Politburo Decision with Approved Message from Gromyko to Roshchin with Message for Zhou Enlai

    Telegram from Gromyko to Zhou Enlai advising the latter to turn down the invitation for China to participate in the UN Security Council. It also explains the circumstances under which the invitation was obtained.

  • November 12, 1950

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu

    Zhou Enlai instructs Chai Junwu to ask Kim Il Sung to change the wording of his statement at the Central Committee of the Motherland's United Front meeting, and also to ask whether Chai can accompany Kim in his visit to Peng Dehuai.

  • November 13, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Moscow

    Soviet advice to North Korea concerning the upcoming session of the UN General Assembly on the Korea issue.

  • November 13, 1950

    Record of a Conversation with the DPRK Ambassador Peng Dehuai

    Clearing up the differences in the requests made by Peng Dehuai and Kim Il Sung: they're requesting that a portion of the Korean students be trained to be pilots, and another 50 students be trained to be radio operators. They're also requesting that a portion of Soviet citizens of Korean ethnicity, living on USSR territory, be trained as pilots, tank drivers and radio operators.

  • November 15, 1950

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to Stalin

    Mao Zedong informs Stalin of his agreement to the Soviet proposals regarding the strengthening of air forces, and sends congratulations on the recent successful military exploits against the American side.

  • November 15, 1950

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Zhu De, and Nie Rongzhen

    Zhou Enlai reports on the Soviet plans to strengthen the air force, presumably as a show of force to the American side.

  • November 16, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Zhou Enlai to Filippov (Stalin)

    Request from Zhou Enlai to Stalin for specific quantities of automobiles and fluids necessary for their operation--oil, grease, gasoline etc--in conjunction with movement of troops to North Korea.

  • November 17, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Gromyko, transmitting 16 November 1950 message form Kim Il Sung to Stalin

    Kim Il Sung asks to send Korean students over in order to learn flying and maintenance techniques.