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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August 20, 1945

    Order by Aleksei Antonov to Aleksandr Vasilevsky

    Orders include preparation for the invasion of the island of Hokkaido and the southern Kurile Islands, but are to "begin... only after special instruction by Stalin."

  • August 20, 1945

    Cable from Aleksandr Vasilevsky to Stalin

    Vasilevsky reports on the progress of the Soviet invasion of Manchuria and the surrender of Japanese forces.

  • August 20, 1945

    Soviet State Defense Committee Edict No. GKO-9887ss/op

    Instructions for the creation of a Special Committee which would supervise nuclear research and development of an atomic bomb.

  • August 21, 1945

    Cable from Nikolai Kuznetsov to Aleksandr Vasilevsky

    Information related to a planned invasion of the Japanese island of Hokkaido.

  • August 21, 1945

    Order by Aleksandr Vasilevsky to Aleksandr Novikov

    Orders for preparations for a planned invasion of the Japanese island of Hokkaido and the southern Kurile Islands.

  • August 22, 1945

    Order by Aleksandr Vasilevsky to Nikolai Kuznetsov and Ivan Yumashev

    Orders for preparations for a planned invasion of the Japanese island of Hokkaido and the southern Kurile Islands. Operations are not to begin "until special instructions from the Headquarters."

  • August 23, 1945

    Report from Cde. Yegnarov to Cde. Beria

    Yegnarov reports on recent military developments in the Ili District, describing Chinese and Soviet troop movements and a failed attempt (led by Firsov) to seize a fortress.

  • August 23, 1945

    Cable from Aleksandr Vasilevsky [?] to Stalin

    Report on the surrender of Japanese forces on the Kurile Islands.

  • August 23, 1945

    Cable from Vyacheslav Molotov to Soviet Ambassador in the United States

    Drafted response from Stalin to Truman regarding Hokkaido and Kurile Islands.

  • August 27, 1945

    Report from Cde. Yegnarov to Cde. Beria

    Yegnarov reports on several successful Red Army military operations in the Ili District at the end of August, including Firsov's seizure of Chinese supply trucks and the forced retreat of a Chinese brigade by Leskin's cavalry brigade. He also notes a raid on Kobuk by Chinese aircraft, which killed four Soviet soldiers.

  • August 29, 1945

    Cable from Kuz’ma Derevyanko to Aleksei Antonov

    Report concerning the division of occupied territory in the Pacific between the Soviet Union and the United States.

  • August 30, 1945

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador in China Apollon Petrov and Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai discusses the agenda for upcoming talks with Chiang Kai-shek and the Chinese Nationalist Party.

  • September, 1945

    G.J. Malik, 'Clarifications on the Compilation [about the Atomic Bomb]'

    Soviet ambassador Yakov Malik introduces a compilation of eyewitness materials and data gathered in the aftermath of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Staff members from the Soviet embassy in Tokyo were sent to survey the explosion sites, speaking personally with survivors and capturing footage of the affected cities.

  • September, 1945

    Atomic Bomb (Report of the Group of [Soviet] Embassy Staff Members Who Visited Hiroshima)

    A group of staff members from the Soviet Embassy in Tokyo interviewed Japanese witnesses of the atomic bomb explosions in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. They found that the two bombs wreaked havoc on the bodies of those within a small radius of the explosion; most survivors exhibited severe burns, a decreased white blood cell count, and injuries from broken glass. Witnesses from outside this radius faced less severe injuries, and the Embassy staff note that the Japanese press has been exaggerating the effects of the atomic bomb in order to justify the nation’s unconditional surrender.

  • September 05, 1945

    Report from L. Beria to Cde. I.V. Stalin, V.M. Molotov, and Cde. G.M. Malenkov

    Beria reports on the progress of the rebel movement in Xinjiang at the end of August, including information on the locations of the rebels' active operations, their armed forces, Chinese prisoners of war, and recent rebel casualties. He also describes the Chinese Armed Forces' likely responses to recent rebel advances in the Ili District.

  • September 06, 1945

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador in China Apollon Petrov and Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Wang Ruofei

    Mao discusses the progress of talks with Chiang Kai-shek and the Chinese Nationalist Party.

  • September 15, 1945

    The Situation in Xinjiang

    The Central Committee of the CPSU reports that the rebels in the East Turkestan Republic (ETR), or northern Xinjiang, have requested that the Soviet Union mediate between the Chinese Nationalist Government and the ETR.

  • October 05, 1945

    L. Beria to Cde. V.M. Molotov

    Beria writes that Osman Batur does not intend to recognize the East Turkestan Republic. Instead, Osman will create an independent state in Altai, in part due to the support of Choibalsan.

  • October 05, 1945

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador in China Apollon Petrov and Zhou Enlai and Wang Ruofei

    They discuss the results of negotiations with the Chinese Nationalist Party and Chiang Kai-shek's political and military position.

  • October 06, 1945

    TASS Digest, 'Byrnes Speech on the Radio'

    Byrnes speaks on the results of the first session of the Council of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs; Byrnes expressed anticipation for more productive sessions for structuring the United Nations and adhering to creating peace, mutual understanding and cooperation among states.