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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 02, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    Zhou Enlai notifies Ambassador Ni Zhiliang about the estimated arrival of Pak Il-u and advises Kim Il Sung to order the troops that were cut off by the opposing side and have no way to retreat to persist in guerrilla actions where they are.

  • October 02, 1950

    Cable, from Chan-Fu to Matveev

    Cable stating that orders to retreat by any means possible (in groups, or individually) must be given out immediately to the remaining soldiers and commanders in the South.

  • October 03, 1950

    Telegram from Stalin to Vyshinky

    Stalin's opinion on criticism towards Cde. Kiselev.

  • October 03, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram from Roshchin in Beijing to Filippov (Stalin)

    Telegram to Stalin from the Soviet Army General Staff on combats with the US.

  • October 04, 1950

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Gao Gang, He Jinnian, and Ni Zhiliang

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions on the mobilization of Korean drivers in the northeast.

  • October 04, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    Zhou Enlai instructs the Chinese military officer observation group not to go south of the 38th parallel, but to split into two groups and examine the situations of different areas of Korea.

  • October 05, 1950

    Telegram from Gromyko to Shtykov, approved by CC Politburo

    The CPSU CC approves the draft telegram from Gromyko authorizing Shtykov's request for evacuation of Soviet specialists from North Korea.

  • October 05, 1950

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions to pay attention to the northern advance of the South Korean army and the retreat of the North Korean army, and to collect information on the 12th Division's occupation of Wonju. He also notes Pak Il U's return to North Korea.

  • October 06, 1950

    Telegram from Gromyko and Vasilevsky to Stalin, attaching draft cable to Shtykov

    In a telegram to Stalin, Vasilevsky and Gromyko ask for consideration concerning the attached recent draft cable to Shtykov, stating approval for Shytkov’s call for the evacuation of Soviet advisers, personnel and families and, in case of emergency, all Soviet citizens from Korea.

  • October 07, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    Zhou Enlai informs Ambassador Ni Zhiliang that questions about North Korea battle operations have been discussed with Pak Il-u, making further disclosure of opinions with the North Korean side unnecessary.

  • October 07, 1950

    Telegram from Matveev to USSR Council of Ministers

    Pak Il-u meets with Mao Zedong and five members of the CCP Politburo to discuss the current military situation in North Korea.

  • October 08, 1950

    Telegram from Matveev to Council of Ministers

    Telegram from the Chairman of the General Staff of the Soviet Army in North Korea to the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR with information from the North Korean government about the procedure for concentrating and introducing the united Chinese Peoples’ Volunteers into the territory of the DPRK.

  • October 08, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to the Soviet Council of Ministers

    Telegram of the ambassador of the USSR in the DPRK to the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR with information from the North Korean government about the decision of China to send a volunteer army to Korea

  • October 08, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to USSR Council of Ministers

    Telegram from the Ambassador of the USSR in the DPRK to the chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR about the reaction of the North Korean leadership to his letter containing the announcement about the support for the war of the Korean people by the PRC and the Soviet Union.

  • October 08, 1950

    Letter from Feng Xi (Stalin) to Kim Il Sung (via Shtytkov)

    Stalin sends Kim a copy of his October 1950 letter to Mao Zedong. Stalin describes the US inability to engage in a "big war" and encourages Kim in his fight against the US.

  • October 09, 1950

    Telegram from Kim Il Sung to Stalin (via Shtykov)

    Kim Il Sung requests that Koreans living in the Soviet Union be trained there for service in the Korean Army, explaining that the strong presence of the American military in Korea will not allow for on-site training. Shytkov attached his support of Kim’s request in this telegram to Stalin.

  • October 10, 1950

    From the Journal of Gromyko, Memorandum on Conversation with Chinese Ambassador Peng Dehuai

    Talks about Ambassador Peng Dehuai's request to send 738 Korean students, of higher education, to Soviet summer schools.

  • October 11, 1950

    Cable, Filippov [Stalin] and Zhou Enlai to the Soviet Ambassador, Pass Immediately to Cde. Mao Zedong

    Instructions for the Chinese army in light of the fact that the Chinese forces designated to assist Korea are not ready.

  • October 12, 1950

    Cable, Roshchin to Filippov (Stalin), with Message from Mao Zedong

    Mao Zedong has already given orders to halt Chinese troops preparing to cross the Korean border.

  • October 12, 1950

    Cable, 8th Directorate of the USSR Armed Forces General Staff to Cdes. Shtykov and Vasil'yev

    Instructions for Kim Il Sung in light of the fact that the Chinese troops destined for Korea are not ready to act.