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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 19, 1978

    Draft Letter from Honecker to Brezhnev on Ethiopian-Eritrean Talks, 19 April 1978

    The letter is written by Honecker to inform Brezhnev about talks that were held between Aforki (Eritrea) and Mengistu (Ethiopia). The talks focused on the development of autonomy for the Eritreans.

  • May 11, 1978

    Memorandum of Conversation between [SED] Comrade Friedel Trappen and Soviet Comrade R. A. Ulyanovsky in the CC of the CPSU

    The conversation focused on the negotiations between Ethiopia and the Eritrean Liberation Movement. The talks were focusing on how the Eritreans could obtain a certain degree of regional autonomy

  • June 07, 1978

    Information on Talks of Ahmed Nasser (ELF-RC) in the USSR Solidarity Committee

    Ahmed Nasser, leader of ELF-RC (one of the Eritrean liberation movements), discusses the internal political situation of Eritrea.

  • June 09, 1978

    Winkelmann to Hermann Axen

    Winkelman is describing a recent speech by Mengistu, the leader of Ethiopia

  • June 19, 1978

    Memorandum of Conversation between Grabowski and Sinitsin in Moscow

    Describes a conversation that covers a speech Mengistu gave on June 14 and also a general discussion of the Horn of Africa. It focuses on international support to the different parties involved

  • July 25, 1978

    Transcript, Meeting of East German leader Erich Honecker and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, Crimea, 25 July 1978 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev and Honecker discuss the tense status of Soviet-American relations and the current situations in China and Southeast Asia.

  • August 30, 1978

    Evaluation by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union of the Normalization of US-Chinese Relations

    In this evaluation of Chinese-US rapprochement, elaborated by the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), Moscow states that Beijing is going to great lengths to demonstrate its willingness to cooperate closely with Washington, including through the creation of a global strategic alliance between China and the US against the Soviet Union and the entire Socialist community. Moscow urges its Eastern European allies to make use of all political and ideological means available to fight against the creation of a unified front between China and the US.

  • October 13, 1978

    Information from CC CPSU to GDR leader Erich Honecker

    Information from CC CPSU to GDR leader Erich Honecker regarding widespread repressions in Afghanistan and the general comradeship between Afghanistan and the Soviet Union

  • December, 1978

    East German Report on the Tenth Interkit Meeting in Havana, December 1978

    This report, issued after the tenth Interkit meeting in Havana, addresses China's domestic and foreign policies. China is said to be obstructing the process of international détente by developing relations with NATO and West Germany. The report condemns the Chinese interference in Romanian, Yugoslavian and Korean politics. The authors believe that China is trying to divide the Socialist countries into two opposing groups. The newly intensified Chinese-US relations are criticized, as is China's policy of allowing more Western influence to shape its domestic policies and economic strategies.

  • December 12, 1978

    East German Record of Conversation with Fidel Castro after Tenth Interkit Meeting in Havana, December 1978

    Short summary of an East German meeting with Fidel Castro. Castro discusses China and the recent Interkit meeting, as well as the issue of Cuban exiles in the United States.

  • February 15, 1979

    Stenographic Transcript of the Official Talks between Comrade Erich Honecker and Comrade Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafiin Tripoli

    Honecker and Gaddafi pledge unity against colonialism in Southern Africa, Asia, and the Middle East, referencing developments in Kampuchea, Iran, and Afghanistan. Honecker presses the importance of disarmament and expresses his support for the Steadfastness and Confrontation Front. The two leaders agree that Libyan oil will be shipped to East Germany.

  • February 16, 1979

    Note about the Meeting between Comrades Erich Honecker and Muammar al-Gaddafi on 16 February 1979 in Tripoli

    Gaddafi describes Libya’s geopolitical position and requests arms, which Honecker agrees to provide. Gaddafi states that he financially supported the Iranian Revolution and intends to support movements in Angola, Zambia, and Mozambique as well. At Honecker’s suggestion, Gaddafi is willing to sign a “Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation” between their two countries.

  • April 03, 1979

    Information about the Results of the Official Friendly Visit of A.N. Kosygin in India (March 9-15 of This Year)

    This document reports on the visit by the Soviet premier, Alexsei Kosygin, to India in March 1979. The Indian leadership once again confirms its intention to retain close relations with Moscow irrespective of the future relationship with the US and China. During the visit a number of trade and scientific agreements are signed. The USSR expresses its readiness to cooperate in the nuclear field on the basis of peaceful use as laid down in the Indian-Soviet agreement of January 1979. Reacting to the Chinese threat and its perceived objective to gain a hegemonic position in Asia, India wishes to talk about the delivery of more sophisticated military equipment. The Soviet officials interpret Indian foreign policy as moving closer to the Socialist Bloc and joining Vietnam and Cuba in the formation of a ‘leftist wing’ in the Non-Aligned Movement.

  • July 28, 1979

    Transcript, Meeting of East German leader Erich Honecker and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, Crimea, 27 July 1979 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev reports to Honecker on international affairs.

  • September 16, 1979

    Information from CC CPSU to GDR leader E. Honecker

    Information from CC CPSU to GDR leader E. Honecker regarding the tensions in Afghanistan between Taraki and Amin and the ineffectiveness on Soviet pressure for greater Afghan unity

  • September 17, 1979

    Telegram from East German Embassy in Kabul to Socialist Unity Party (SED) General Secretary Erich Honecker, 17 September 1979

    Report on the situation in Kabul following the overthrow of Nur Muhammad Taraki in a coup.

  • October 01, 1979

    Information from the CC CPSU to GDR leader Honecker

    Information from the CC CPSU to GDR leader Honecker on Amin’s overthrow of Taraki and the situation in Afghanistan

  • October 04, 1979

    Transcript of Brezhnev Honecker summit in East Berlin (excerpt on Iran and Afghanistan)

    Transcript of Brezhnev Honecker summit in East Berlin (excerpt on Iran and Afghanistan) with Brezhnev discussing the leadership of Amin and expressing continued Soviet support for Afghanistan

  • January 10, 1980

    Telegram from GDR Embassy in Moscow to Socialist Unity Party (SED) Central Committee Secretary Hermann Axen et al.

    Based on conversations with the Soviet Foreign Ministry, the situation in Afghanistan is stabilizing.

  • March 26, 1980

    Embassy of the GDR in the USSR, 'Information on Some Issues of China's Current Policy'

    A discussion of the 5th Plenary Session of the CCP Central Committee and power struggles within the Chinese government, China's development targets, and foreign policy strategies, especially with the Soviet Union.