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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 03, 1956

    Rethinking the Role of Free Europe Committee and Radio Free Europe

    CIA/International Operations Division routing slips raise questions about an attached Free Europe Committee (FEC) draft dated November 12 on the FEC’s role in the wake of the Hungarian Revolution and note that the FEC [in New York] did not forward to Radio Free Europe Munich certain CIA guidances on broadcast policy.

  • December 03, 1956

    Cable from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong and the Central Committee, 'Discussion with Nehru on the Hungary Issue'

    Zhou Enlai reports on his discussion with Nehru concerning the events in Hungary.

  • December 04, 1956

    Review of Radio Free Europe Broadcasts to Hungary

    CIA Inspector General Lyman Kirkpatrick provides Allen Dulles with his assessment of RFE operations based on investigations in Munich and New York.

  • December 10, 1956

    Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Report, 'Australian Soviet Friendship Society'

    At a social event in Sydney held in honor of the Soviet Olympic team, Soviet runner Vladimir Kutz received a gift which contained a dead rat painted yellow.

  • December 12, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation, 'Official German Intentions Vis-a-Vis Radio Free Europe' [Declassified July 15, 2011]

    West German Washington Embassy First Secretary Wilhelm Turnwald conveys to State Department officials his concerns about RFE operations.

  • December 12, 1956

    Memorandum, Chen Yun to N. A. Bulganin

    Chen Yun explains why China cannot purchase as many military supplies from the Soviet Union as original proposed.

  • December 17, 1956

    Diary of Soviet Official K. A. Krutikov, Record of Conversation with Hungarian Envoy Ezhef Sall

    Conversation about the mood among the foreign Hungarian colony in PRC. The most of the conversation concerns the reasons for the 1956 uprising in Hungary. A lack of knowledge among the Hungarian leadership (with a predominant Soviet background) about the actual situation in Hungary, and the failure of the Soviet Embassy in Budapest to establish contacts with non-Russian speaking Hungarians, are here presented as main reasons for the Hungarian uprising.

  • December 18, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 45 (Overall Issue No. 71)

    This issue features a transcript of questions and answers from Zhou Enlai's meeting with journalists in Madras, India (now Chennai). Several sections cover Sino-Yugoslavian trade and relations, while other reports discuss finances and agricultural preparations for the end of the year.

  • December 19, 1956

    Letter, Horace J. Nickels (American Consul) to L. Randolph Higgs (Special Assistant for Operations, Department of State)

    Horace J. Nickels, American Consul in Munich, reports his impressions of interviews with some 60 Hungarian refugees in Vienna the week of December 10

  • December 20, 1956

    Telegram No. 2416 from Bonn to the Secretary of State

    The Bonn Embassy conveys to Washington the results of the German review of tapes of RFE broadcasts to Hungry from October 23 to November 10.

  • December 25, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 46 (Overall Issue No. 72)

    This issue begins with a joint statement from Zhou Enlai and Burmese Prime Minister U Ba Swe. It also features the text of a Sino-Soviet agreement for cultural cooperation and approves plans for a handicraft industry meeting related to the production of handmade paper and bamboo pulp in 1957. Other sections address how state-owned theater troupes should pay screenwriters for their plays and how rural villages should launch cultural activities for the coming Spring Festival (Lunar New Year).

  • December 26, 1956

    CIA-Free Europe Committee Exchange on Control of Radio Free Europe Broadcasts

    Routing slips indicate International Operations Division (IOD) dissatisfaction with the Free Europe Committee (FEC) response dated December 18 to an IOD letter to FEC dated December 3

  • December 26, 1956

    Interviews with Hungarian Refugees on Western Broadcasts

    Bonn Embassy official T.M. Rechnagel, reports his impressions of interviews with some 100 refugees in the Salzburg area in December

  • December 26, 1956

    Memorandum of Meeting with Khrushchev, Moscow

    After lightly rebuking Hoxha's choices to use public trials for the executions of political criminals, Khrushchev reassures Hoxha of the Soviet Union's support for Albania, and concludes with a summary of the Soviet Union's current standing in the international sphere.

  • December 28, 1956

    Third World Reaction to Hungary and Suez, 1956: A Soviet Foreign Ministry Analysis

    Tugarinov wrote this overview of reactions to the events in Hungary and Suez by third world nations. Tugarinov reports that the events in Hungary and the Near East increased the prestige of the United States.