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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 10, 1977

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'SALT'

    This document describes the state of SALT negotiations between the USSR and the US and presents two alternative proposals by Vance.

  • September 23, 1977

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko and President Carter

  • April 27, 1978

    CPSU CC Politburo Transcript, 27 April 1978 (excerpt)

    The CPSU CC Politburo discusses recent negotiations with US Secretary of State Vance regarding Soviet-American relations and Soviet criticism of the Carter administration’s foreign policy and position on strategic weapons.

  • June 01, 1978

    Telegram from the Secretary of State to the American Embassy in Seoul, 'Dr. Brzezinski’s Meeting with President Park'

    Brzezinski briefed President Park on two exchanges with the Chinese leaders. They mainly talked about whether the Chinese leaders behave as spokesmen for Kim Il Sung or not.

  • June 02, 1978

    Memorandum of Conversation between Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko and US Secretary of State Vance, 31 May 1978 (Excerpts)

    Gromyko and Vance discuss the current status of Soviet-American relations and the anti-Soviet sentiment in America. They discuss the common goal of decreasing tension and conflict between the two countries, with disarmament on both sides, moving away from the period of “cold war.”

  • June 08, 1978

    Speech by L.I. Brezhnev to CPSU CC Politburo, 08 June 1978

    Concerns US-Soviet relations, including involvement in Africa, NATO, China, and SALT.

  • July 25, 1978

    Transcript, Meeting of East German leader Erich Honecker and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, Crimea, 25 July 1978 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev and Honecker discuss the tense status of Soviet-American relations and the current situations in China and Southeast Asia.

  • 1979

    A Dialogue With The Soviets: Nuclear Weapons, Disarmament and Nuclear Energy

    Report from American Friends Service Committee describing the organization's late September/early October 1979 visit to the Soviet Union. Details topics of discussion, which included the current status of Cuba, the SALT treaty, the role of NATO in disarmament, and the numerous issues surrounding nuclear energy. Aimed at promoting positive discourse and the importance of a candid exchange between the United States and the Soviet Union, in opposition to further militarization.

  • January 13, 1979

    Minutes of Conversation, Todor Zhivkov – Leonid Brezhnev

    Leonid Ilyich analyzes the establishment of US-Chinese diplomatic relations and recent developments in Iran and the Middle East. Todor Zhivkov talks about Bulgaria’s economic development and the Soviet cancellation of Bulgarian debt.

  • July 28, 1979

    Transcript, Meeting of East German leader Erich Honecker and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, Crimea, 27 July 1979 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev reports to Honecker on international affairs.

  • August 05, 1979

    Annex B/2: On the International Situation (Information Notes by Feng Xuan, CCP Member and Deputy Minister of the International Liaison Department)

    The Chinese delegation stresses that Soviet social-imperialism is the main offensive threat to world peace today. Europe is its main target to win over the US in the global hegemonic race. The Soviet Union is in an offensive posture while the US is on a defensive one. It also describes China's position on the conflict with Vietnam.

  • September 27, 1979

    CPSU CC Politburo Decision with Brezhnev-Carter Hotline Correspondence

    Telegram, in response to the President of the USA, regarding the issue of the Soviet military personnel in Cuba

  • December 29, 1979

    Excerpt from the Minutes of the CC CPSU Politburo Meeting, 'Reply to an appeal of President Carter about the issue of Afghanistan through the direct communications channel'

    Soviet letter to US President Jimmy Carter responding to the US position on the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The CC CPSU Politburo informs the White House that the Soviet leadership desires to maintain detente with the US and that the intervention of Soviet troops was done at the request of the Afgan leadership, under Article 51 of the UN charter.

  • 1980

    Soviet briefing on the correspondence between Tito and Brezhnev

    This document reveals correspondence between Brezhnev and Tito. Tito expresses his worries about international politics relating to NATO's decision regarding long/medium range missiles, and advocates for Soviet troop withdrawal from Afghanistan. Brezhnev emphasizes the ideological and pragmatic importance of Soviet involvement in the Middle East, and discusses the role of NATO in Europe.

  • January 04, 1980

    Jimmy Carter, 'Address to the Nation on the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan'

    Jimmy Carter proposes sanctions in response to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

  • May 27, 1980

    Conversation between Soviet Foreign Minister Comrade Andrei Gromyko with US Secretary of State Edmund S. Muskie, 27 May 1980

    Muskie and Gromyko discuss tensions between the Soviet Union and United States following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

  • August 07, 1980

    Meeting between Comrades Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev and Todor Zhivkov

    This memorandum provides an overview of the meeting between Bulgarian leader Todor Zhivkov and Leonid Brezhnev. The two discussed international affairs, specifically escalating tensions with the U.S. and NATO, and Soviet interest in maintaining and strengthening detente. In response, a new international summit of the communist parties is proposed.

  • September 17, 1980

    Letter from SPD Chairman Brandt to General Secretary of CPSU Central Committee Brezhnev

    Willy Brandt writes to Leonid Brezhnev about issues plaguing arms control negotiations between the US and the USSR. Particular attention is paid to the way the US Presidential election has hampered progress.

  • May 25, 1981

    Speech by Yu. V. Andropov at the National Consultation Meetings of the Leadership of the Agency and Troops of the KGB of the USSR, 'On the Tasks of the KGB in Light of the Decisions of the 26th Congress of the CPSU'

    In a speech delivered at a meeting of the KGB, Andropov discusses the results of the 26th Congress of the CPSU, the state of Soviet intelligence work, and suggests areas of improvement in KGB intelligence work in light of heightened international tensions.

  • July 06, 1981

    Conversation between SPD chairman Willy Brandt and the Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU Leonid Brezhnev on 30 June 1981 in Moscow

    Memorandum of a conversation between Brandt and Brezhnev. Among other things, Brezhnev focused on the increased hostility between members of the international community. He pointed to debate over missiles in Europe as an example of that tension.