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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • April 26, 1949

    Cable, Stalin to Kovalev

    Stalin gives advice to Mao (via Kovalev) on how to treat the Chinese bourgeoisie.

  • May 17, 1949

    Ciphered Telegram No.54755 from Kovalev to Filippov [Stalin]

    Kovalev relays to Stalin a conversation with Mao concerning the military situation in China, the choice for leader of the central government, and Wang Ming's appraisal of his incorrect activity.

  • May 23, 1949

    Cable, Kovalev to Stalin, Report on the 22 May 1949 CCP CC Politburo Discussion

    Kovalev reports to Stalin on the politburo meeting. the discussion concerned the economic situation in China, the military situation in China, and a previous conversation between Mao and American ambassador John Leighton Stuart.

  • May 26, 1949

    Cable, Stalin to Mao Zedong [via Kovalev]

    Stalin gives to Mao (via Kovalev) his, Stalin's, stance on the economic situation in China, and how the Chinese are handling it (the creation of an administrative economic center in China). Stalin also discusses Sino-Soviet relations, and the state of the PLA and how best to use PLA forces.

  • June 14, 1949

    Cable, Mao Zedong [via Kovalev] to Stalin

    Mao (via Kovalev) responds to Stalin's earlier cable and asks advice on several questions, including: the creation of a government in China, military tactics, the supplying of troops, the state of the civil war, and how to show the friendship between the USSR and China to other countries.

  • June 17, 1949

    The State of Work in Manchuria

    A Russian translation of a Chinese report on work to unify China and organize a new communist administration.

  • June 18, 1949

    Cable, Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong [via Kovalev]

    Stalin discusses the creation of a government in China, Chinese military plans, and the acquisition of oil in China.

  • June 27, 1949

    Memorandum of Conversation between Stalin and CCP Delegation

    Stalin and the CCP delegation discuss the Soviet loan to China, the specialist the Soviets are to send to China, the occupation of Xinjiang, and the Chinese fleet.

  • June 30, 1949

    Mao Zedong, 'On the People’s Democratic Dictatorship: In Commemoration of the Twenty-eighth Anniversary of the Communist Party of China'

    Mao Zedong announces that China will “lean to one side” in its foreign policy and that China must “ally with the Soviet Union” and “form an international united front.”

  • July 04, 1949

    Report from the Head of the Delegation of the CC of the Chinese Communist Party, 'The Current State of the Chinese Revolution'

    Russian translation of a long Chinese report on the Chinese Civil War and the future of China. Liu Shaoqi claims that the war "will soon end in complete victory" for the Communists. He outlines plans for the Political Consultative Conference and a new central government. He also discusses the future Chinese foreign relations

  • July 06, 1949

    Report, Kovalev to Stalin

    Kovalev relays several requests made by Liu Shaoqi, Gao Gang, and Wang Jiaxiang. The requests include advice on running a communist government, that Soviet professors be sent to China, advice on how to manage Manchuria, and if China could receive a Czechoslovak trade delegation.

  • July 06, 1949

    Report from the Head of the Delegation of the Chinese Communist Party CC to Stalin

    Liu Shaoqi sends list of questions to be discussed with Stalin, and reports that the Chinese plan to study the government and civic structure of the Soviet Union.

  • July 07, 1949

    Democratic Parties and Groups in the Preparatory Committee to Convene a Political Consultative Conference

    A Russian translation of a Chinese report on groups joining in the preparatory committee for the Political Consultative Conference.

  • July 08, 1949

    Information about the Strength and Social Composition of the Communist Party of China

    Report on the history of Chinese Communist Party, membership data, and party demographics

  • July 18, 1949

    Cable, Liu Shaoqi to Mao Zedong

    A committee to write up a preliminary draft for a loan from the USSR to China is created. Stalin meets with a delegation of the CCP and answers several of their questions, including: the CCP's policy towards the Chinese national bourgeoisie, the matter of people's democratic dictatorship, Chinese foreign policy issues, Sino-Soviet relations, Xinjiang, Dalian, a Chinese University in Moscow, a railway from outer Mongolia to Zhangjiakou, and a naval school. Stalin and the CCP delegation also discussed the possibility of a war breaking out between the USSR and the US.

  • July 27, 1949

    Memorandum of Conversation between Liu Shaoqi and Stalin

    Liu Shaoqi and Stalin (among others) discuss the state of the Chinese civil war

  • August, 1949

    Liu Shaoqi to Cde. G.M. Malenkov

    Liu Shaoqi informs Malenkov that Deng Liqun will lead a team to the East Turkestan Republic and establish radio communication with Moscow and later with Peng Dehuai.

  • August, 1949

    Karsky to Cde. Miklashevsky

    Moscow will assist Deng Liqun, a member of the Chinese Communist Party, with establishing radio contact after arriving in the East Turkestan Republic.

  • October 12, 1949

    Ciphered Telegram No. 58986 from Kovalev to Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao requests assistance with shipments of fuel, troops, and aircraft to Urumchi.

  • October 14, 1949

    Ciphered Telegram No. 4159 from Filipov [Stalin] to Kovalev

    Stalin agrees to send one division from Lanzhou to Urumchi and to ship aviation fuel to Urumchi and Hami.