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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 29, 1975

    On the Visit of a DPRK Party and Government Delegation Headed by Kim Il Sung to the PR China from 18 to 26 April 1975

    Report of the visit by DPRK officials to the PRC. This summary addresses the PRC’s and the DPRK’s relations with each other and their individual policies towards South Korea, it examines the issue of reunification and touches on the Sino-Soviet competition.

  • May 01, 1975

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Report, 1 May 1975. Subject: Visit of a Laotian delegation in the DPRK.

    The Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK provides an overview of relations between Pyongyang and Vientiane and summarizes a recent visit of a Lao delegation to North Korea.

  • May, 1975

    South Korean Telegrams on Visit to China by North Korean Leader Kim Il Sung

    The South Korean Ambassadors to Germany and the United States report to the South Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Kim Il Sung's visit to Communist China and the prospects of Kim's visit to the Soviet Union. A telegram from the Ambasasdor to Japan also provides a perspective on DPRK-China relations and developments in China.

  • May 06, 1975

    Summarized Evaluation of Kim Il Sung's Visit to the PR China (18 to 26 April 1975)

    A report on the visit of Kim Il Sung to the PRC, describing Kim Il Sung’s reception and the topics discussed. These include the two countries position on the Soviet Union, the role of the “Third World” and Korean reunification.

  • May 09, 1975

    Telegram from New York to Bucharest, No. 052.467

    While the UN looks for ways to dismantle the UN headquarters in South Korea while preserving the armistice, the telegram notes that the North Koreans are attempting to bypass the UN as a whole and come to an understanding with the United States directly.

  • May 10, 1975

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 059.156

    At a recent state visit of the DPRK delegation to the PRC, both countries look at the developments in Indochina as positive and as predicted changes to the Korean Peninsula. Beijing agrees to increase trade and economic cooperation with North Korea while promising to keep distance from Seoul.

  • May 12, 1975

    Note concerning a Conversation between Ambassador Everhartz with the Head of Department II in the DPRK Foreign Ministry, Comrade Choe Sang-muk, about the Visit by Comrade Kim Il Sung to the PR China

    Choe Sang-muk informs Everhartz about Kim Il Sung’s recent visit to the PRC, in which Kim discussed the situation in Cambodia and South Vietnam and the unification of the Korean peninsula.

  • May 19, 1975

    Telegram from Moscow to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 050.572

    The document summarizes North Korea's prospective approach towards unification. Pyongyang envisages three different paths: peaceful, military and revolutionary. In order to support these three routes to unification, the DPRK forwards three policies: the rapid development of socialism, promotion of democracy in South Korea and reinforcement of military solidarity with the revolutionary forces of the world.

  • May 23, 1975

    Minutes of Conversation taken on the Occasion of the Romanian – Korean Discussions from May 23, 1975

    Kim Il Sung discuses the unity and solidarity of socialist and Third World countries in the struggle against United States. He also describes meetings he held with the representatives of Park Chung Hee.

  • June 18, 1975

    Information on the Talks between Kim Il Sung and Todor Zhivkov

    Todor Zhivkov summarizes his official and private talks about Korean unification with Kim Il Sung during Kim's visit to Bulgaria in June 1975.

  • June 18, 1975

    Letter From GDR Ambassador Wenning to Bulgarian Member of the Politburo and Secretary of SED Central Committee Comrade Hermann Axen

    This letter encloses a translated copy of an "Information for the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party about the Talks between Comrades Todor Zhivkov and Kim Il Sung during the Visit of the DPRK Party and Government Delegation to Bulgaria from 2 to 5 June 1975." In it is discussed both Kim Il Sung's remarks on Korean unification both officially and privately with Comrade Todor Zhivkov. Essentially in both cases Kim makes the argument that the path of military reunification is largely closed off due to the superior military presence of both South Korean and American forces, and instead discusses the details of achieving peaceful reunification by swelling up internal divisions within South Korea, forcing the withdrawal of American forces, and isolating the Park Chung Hee regime internationally.

  • June 24, 1975

    Memorandum for General Scowcroft from W.R. Smyser, “Defense of the Northwest UNC-Controlled Islands in Korea"

    Richard Smyser writes to General Brent Scowcroft about the defense of the five islands off the northwest coast of Korea and whether or not the defense of these islands is bound to the U.S.-South Korea Mutual Defense Treaty.

  • June 27, 1975

    Letter, John Scali to the President of the Security Council

    John Scali sends the president of the Security Council of the United Nations a letter saying that the United States supports UN General Assembly Resolution 3333 and that it will terminate UNC.

  • June 27, 1975

    Statement by the Minister of Foreign Affairs concerning the Implementation of UN General Assembly Resolution 3333 (XXIX) on the Question of Korea

    South Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs sends a statement concerning the implementation of UN General Assembly Resolution 3333 on the question of Korea.

  • July 01, 1975

    Telegram from New York to Bucharest, No. 052648

    The North Koreans are suspicious of the proposal to dismantle the UN headquarters in South Korea and believe that the true intent of the plan is creating confusion at this year’s session of the General Assembly. The author believes that the North Koreans will reject the proposal because agreeing to current conditions would be accepting the US presence in Korea.

  • July 04, 1975

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, No. 01/06647

    Budura relays the North Korean belief that the letter sent to the UN regarding the dismantling of the UN headquarters in Korea is an attempt to create confusion at the General Assembly.

  • July 10, 1975

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Report, Military cooperation between Uganda and North Korea.

    Taraba reports military relations between North Korea and Uganda as a military delegation inspects military units in the Ugandan Army.

  • July 11, 1975

    Draft US Department of State Cable on Approach to South Korea on French Reprocessing Plant

    A follow up report for Henry Kissinger on the state of U.S. policy toward South Korea's purchase of a French reprocessing plant.

  • July 15, 1975

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, No. 059/219

    The North Koreans list the reasons for not accepting the US proposal for the dismantlement of the UN headquarters in South Korea. The source notes that the North Koreans do not want to accept the US presence in Korea nor allow the US to raise the status of South Korea. Nonetheless, the North Koreans look to the recent proposal as a "step back" for the US.

  • July 21, 1975

    Telegram from Berlin to Bucharest, No. 018.998

    Comments regarding the recent US declaration on the use of nuclear arms in case of a conflict on the Korean Peninsula. Most communist countries agree that the two Koreas show little interest in generating armed conflict on the peninsula. The DPRK reiterates its plans for a peaceful unification of Korea.