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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 21, 1965

    Zhou Enlai’s Speech at the War Planning Meeting of the Central Military Commission

    Zhou Enlai’s Speech at the War Planning Meeting discussing China’s atomic testing

  • May 21, 1965

    Politburo Talk by Zhou Enlai on Receiving a Group of Central Military Commission Operational Meeting Comrades

    Speaking at the Politburo, Zhou Enlai explains how nuclear weapons capabilities have won China newfound admiration in the non-aligned world and instilled fear in the other nuclear powers, particularly the United States and Soviet Union.

  • May 21, 1965

    Report from the Department of Soviet and Eastern European Affairs, 'Situation of the Soviet Revisionists’ False Support for and Betrayal on the Vietnam Issue'

    An article in 'Foreign Affairs Survey and Research,' a periodical produced by the Chinese Foreign Ministry, offers an in-depth critique of Soviet policy and assistance toward North Vietnam.

  • May 27, 1965

    On the Development of Situation in DPRK in May 1965: Political Report No. 8

    Czechoslovakian ambassador to DPRK mentioned on foreign relationship with DPRK and domestic political situations.

  • May 29, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Reactions to China's Second Nuclear Test'

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry to Chinese Embassies noting foreign countries' responses to China's second nuclear test.

  • May 30, 1965

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Report, 30 May 1965. Subject: On China’s war plans.

    The Hungarian Ambassador to Pyongyang speculates that China's recent talk of war planning with North Korea may be for the purposes of "disinformation."

  • May 30, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'Some Practices of the Soviet Revisionists on the Vietnam Issue'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow claims Soviet support for Vietnam is merely "empty words."

  • June 03, 1965

    Note by the East German Embassy in Hanoi on a Conversation of Comrade Jarck with the Attache of the Czechoslovak Embassy, Comrade Freybort, on 2 June 1965, from 10:00 a.m. to 10:30 a.m., in the East German Embassy [Excerpts]

    Conversation at the East German Embassy in Hanoi, where a Comrade Freybort speaks of the difficulties involved with organizing trilateral talks between the China, Vietnam, and the USSR. It is also mentioned that China criticized Vietnam for building diplomatic relations with the USSR, which China sees as an alliance with modern revisionists.

  • June 04, 1965

    Excerpts from the Report of the Soviet Embassy in Pyongyang, 'Some New Aspects of Korean-Chinese Relations in the First Half of 1965'

    Excerpts from the report of the Soviet Embassy in Pyongyang, “Some New Aspects of Korean-Chinese Relations in the First Half of 1965," containing an explanation of the events that led the DPRK to begin moving away from a China oriented foreign policy.

  • June 08, 1965

    Oral Statement by the Head of the Department for the USSR and for the Countries of Eastern Europe of MFA PRC, Yu Zhan, Transmitted to the Embassy on 8 June 1965

    A Chinese response to a statement from the Soviet Union, arguing that the Soviets look only to extend their influence over Vietnam, and not to truly help it to defeat the United States. It points out several examples of Soviet aid to Vietnam, which China believes had ulterior motives.

  • June 08, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Vice Foreign Minister Qiao Guanhua and North Korean Ambassador in China Pak Se-chang

    Qiao Guanhua and Pak Se-chang discuss preparations for the Second Asian-African Conference, revealing their views on the potential participation of South Vietnam, South Korea, and the Soviet Union.

  • June 09, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'The Soviet Revisionists Handling of and Response to China's Second Nuclear Explosion'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports responses to the second Chinese nuclear test among Soviet news agencies, upper and middle class citizens, and students.

  • June 09, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'The Activities of the Soviet Revisionists during the “Week of Solidarity with the People of Vietnam”'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow describes the "Week of Solidarity" in the Soviet Union, and claims that the Soviet support for Vietnam remains weak.

  • June 11, 1965

    Introductory Visit of the Soviet Ambassador to North Korea, Comrade Gorchakov, on 10 June 1965

    East German Ambassador Brie reports about relations between North Korea and the Soviet Union regarding economic affairs and relations between North Korea and China. He also discusses relations between East Germany and North Korea, and gives a description of disputes between the East German and Chinese Ambassador.

  • June 15, 1965

    Notice of the Members of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research

    The Joint Institute for Nuclear Research discusses plans for scientific research and development from 1966 through 1970, and Chinese representatives announce their plan to withdraw from the Joint Institute on 1 July, 1965

  • June 15, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and Chairman Ho Chi Minh

    Zhou Enlai and Ho Chi Minh discuss preparations for the second Asian-African Conference and the potential participation of countries such as the Soviet Union, Malaysia, and India.

  • June 19, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'The Soviet Revisionists Continue to Play Both Sides on the Vietnam Issue'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports how the Soviet Union, on the one hand, supports the activities of the Vietnamese but, on the other hand, is pushing for "peace talks."

  • June 19, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou and Premier Sabry

    Zhou and Enlai and Ali Sabry discuss developments in Algeria, prospects for the Second Asian-African Conference, Egypt's tenuous food situation and trade relations with countries such as Argentina, Canada, and the US, and the latest news from Vietnam.

  • June 21, 1965

    Minutes of the Third Meeting between Premier Zhou Enlai and President Nasser

    Zhou Enlai, Gabal Abdel nasser, and Abdel Hakim Amer discuss the coup against Ben Bella, the new leadership in Algeria, and the Second Asian-African Conference.

  • June 21, 1965

    Minutes of the Second Meeting between Premier Zhou Enlai and President Nasser

    Zhou and Nasser discuss developments in Algeria, the Second Asian-African Conference, oil in the Middle East, US foreign policy, and the economic situation in Egypt.