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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 19, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    UNCURK members meet with Kim Dae Jung, who states his key issues for the election: ROK democracy, corruption within intelligence collection, suppression of opposition parties by the ruling party, and unification. UNCURK member observe that Kim's party is weak because of party factionalism. Additionally, President Park Chung Hee announces his run for third term and emphasizes economic and political stability.

  • March 19, 1971

    Press Release from the Office of Los Angeles Mayor Sam Yorty

    This press release quotes Los Angeles Mayor Sam Yorty as praising the Mexican government for its effectiveness in clamping down on Communist guerrillas trained in North Korea, action he sees as part of a broader effort to eliminate Russian subversive activity in the hemisphere.

  • March 25, 1971

    Memorandum from Henry A. Kissinger to President Nixon, 'Military Cooperation with France'

    Kissinger summarizes the issues and options involved in three areas of potential aid to the French: 1) advanced computers, 2) technical assistance for their ballistic missile program, and 3) nuclear safety. He makes recommendations for each of the three areas, suggesting limited assistance for the first two.

  • March 26, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    The presidential elections in South Korea are set for 27 April 1927, and four candidates are running: Park Chung Hee, Kim Dae Jung, Kim Chul, and Song Po Kyong.

  • March 29, 1971

    National Security Decision Memorandum 103, 'Military Cooperation with France'

    Outlines President Nixon's decisions regarding France's request for military aid with their nuclear program. The restrictions on exporting advanced computers will be loosened, allowing France to import more powerful models. Limited technical assistance for their ballistic missile program will be offered, but only in areas that won't jeopardize US security or "provide France with a distinct new capability."

  • April, 1971

    Telegram from V.G. Joshi, 'Brief on Disarmament and Atomic-Free Zones for the Spring Meetings of the IPU to be held during April, 1971'

    Summary of history of negotiations of disarmament and nuclear-free zones.

  • April 02, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    In the election campaigns, the NDP is focusing on the corruption of the DRP, and the DRP is focusing on continued economic and political stability with Park Chung Hee's third election.

  • April 05, 1971

    Memorandum for President Nixon from Kissinger, "The Berlin Negotiations - New Guidelines"

    National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger updates President Nixon on the status of the Four Power Berlin negotiations between the Soviet Union, East Germany, West Germany, and the United States.

  • April 08, 1971

    Memorandum from Helmut Sonnenfeldt to Henry A. Kissinger, 'Follow-up on Military Cooperation with France'

    Sonnenfeldt reports on issues with implementing the decisions made in NSDM 103 and 104 to offer military aid to France. Information was leaked to the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy about the offer of more advanced computers and technical assistance with France's ballistic missile program. The Department of State had not yet informed the French and was waiting on various decision to be made. The issues of whether or not to inform the British was also raised.

  • April 08, 1971

    Letter, Mongolian Mission to UN to UN General-Secretary

    The Mongolian Mission transmits a check to the UN regular budget but deducts the amount requested for the Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea and for the UN Memorial Cemeteries in Korea.

  • April 09, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan, 'Report on the Case of the North Korean Pilot, Major Pak Song Guk'

    After the UN Command's failed attempt to exchange Major Pak with the remaining KAL passengers, determining and handling the repatriation of Major Pak is said to be in UNCURK's hands.

  • April 09, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Student demonstrations are occurring in South Korea in reaction to the state's intervention and control of student activity. In light of the 1961 student protests, the government is not using repressive measures to suppress the demonstrations.

  • April 15, 1971

    Memorandum from Henry A. Kissinger to Melvin R. Laird and William P. Rogers, 'Military Cooperation with France, NSDM’s 103 and 104'

    Kissinger sends a follow up memorandum to the Secretary of State and Secretary of Defense regarding NSDM 103 and 104, on military assistance to the French nuclear program. Kissinger reiterates the classified nature of these decisions to offer aid and instructs them to inform the French "as soon as possible." They must also prepare guidelines for use in the event that the assistance becomes public.

  • April 20, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    UNCURK has unofficially assumed responsibility for the North Korean pilot Major Pak who crash landed in South Korea. If Pak should want to return to North Korea, UNCURK would be acting in its capacity to ease tensions between North and South.

  • April 22, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Keeping with the duties of UNCURK, members will be forming teams and traveling to various provinces to observe the results of the elections.

  • April 27, 1971

    Letter from Henry A. Kissinger to John S. Foster Jr., Memos and Letters on Offers to French of Military Cooperation

    Memorandum and letters confirming that the French have been informed of the United States' offers of military assistance with their nuclear program.

  • April 30, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    UNCURK reports on their observations of the presidential elections, which were orderly and without violence.

  • April 30, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    UNCURK observed that the Korean people elected President Park Chung Hee. They believe Kim Dae Jung, who did favorably, may have suffered defeat because of his fragmented party.

  • May 05, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    The ROK government decision to only return North Korean pilot Major Pak in exchange for the remaining elevent passengers of the 1969 KAL plane causes dissatisfaction with UNCURK and UN Command.

  • May 07, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    National Assembly elections will be held in South Korea on 25 May 1971. While the DRP's National Assembly campaign remains similar to its presidential campaign, the NDP pledges to lift curfew bans, corruption, and give priority to housing shortages for low income people.