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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 29, 1968

    Telegram Number 5186/92, 'Chinese Foreign Policy'

    Relying on British assessments of the situation in China, the French Ambassador in London reports that Chinese foreign policy is the outcome of debates between anti-Soviets and anti-Americans within the CCP.

  • November 14, 1968

    Report on a meeting between the Ambassador of the United Arab Republic Gamal Eldin Sabet with Reiz Malile, the Albanian Ambassador to China

    This report documents a meeting between the Ambassador of the United Arab Republic (UAR) Gamal Eldin Sabet with Reiz Malile, the Albanian Ambassador to China. The Ambassador declared that there are no Soviet bases in the UAR and that his country would never accept the fact that military sea bases in the UAR would be exploited for aggression against the People’s Republic of Albania, with whom the UAR has friendly relations. Nevertheless, the ambassador stresses that this is his opinion and not the official opinion of the government of the UAR.

  • November 20, 1968

    Telegram Number 2206/09, 'NATO Ministerial Council'

    French diplomat Lucien Paye assesses Chinese foreign policy in the aftermath of the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia and speculates that China wishes to exploit differences within the NATO camp.

  • November 27, 1968

    Italian Policy towards the People’s Republic of China

    An Italian Foreign Ministry report on future policies leading to Italy's recognition of the People's Republic of China and Beijing's admission to the United Nations.

  • November 28, 1968

    Conversations between Mao Zedong and E. F. Hill

    Mao and Australian Communist Party leader E. F. Hill discuss the state the socialist movement in China and on the international stage.

  • December 18, 1968

    Memorandum from Department Head Egon Bahr, 'Establishment of Relations with the Communist States in Asia'

    Bahr discusses the possibility of West Germany establishing relations with China, Mongolia, North Korea, or North Vietnam.

  • December 20, 1968

    Note from the Director General of Political Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Chinese Issue'

    The Italian Foreign Ministry reviews changes in Chinese foreign policy and approaches Italy ought to take towards normalization relations with China.

  • December 21, 1968

    From the Journal of N.G. Sudarikov, 'Record of a Conversation with KWP Politburo member, Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, and DPRK Minister of Foreign Affairs, Pak Seong-cheol'

    Sudarikov informs Pak Seong-cheol that a delegation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, led by Pham Van Dong, visited China and the Soviet Union and asked for assistance in the Vietnam War.

  • December 23, 1968

    Note about a Conversation between Comrade Herrmann and Comrade Putivez, 2nd Secretary of the USSR Embassy, on 9 December 1968 in the USSR Embassy

    Hermann questioned Putiwtz on North Korea's foreign policy, including its relations with other socialist countries, Pakistan, and capitalist coutries while Putiwitz discussed economic cooperation and political relations between the Soviet Union and North Korea.

  • January, 1969

    East German Report on the Second Interkit Meeting in Berlin, January 1969

    Report from the East German representatives on an Interkit meeting held 28-31 January, 1969. The group made recommendations for coordinating anti-Maoist propaganda to counter China's increasing anti-Sovietism.

  • January 07, 1969

    Y.D. Fadeev, First Secretary of the Soviet Embassy in North Korea, 'Korean-Chinese Relations in the Second Half of 1968 (Memo)'

    The document examines Sino-Korean relations by analyzing international relations with US and Japan, describing how the ideology of Mao affects the relationship, and discussing trade relations and military relations.

  • January 24, 1969

    Minutes of Todor Zhivkov – Indira Gandhi Meeting, Delhi

    The two leaders talk about Vietnam, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and the situation in Europe.

  • January 30, 1969

    Note Gérard de la Villesbrunne to the Foreign Minister, 'New Interest of Western Diplomacy towards China: Hopes and Illusions'

    The French Consul General in Hong Kong notes a spike in China's diplomatic activities with Western Europe, Japan, and the U.S., but concludes that China, "still concerned by internal questions, does not seem to be willing to respond to the openings of non-communist countries with as much enthusiasm as hoped for in the West."

  • February 07, 1969

    Secret Note from the Italian Embassy in Paris to Rome

    Via the Italian Embassy in Paris, the Chinese Government indicates that it is willing to establish diplomatic relations with Italy as long as three general principles are adhered to.

  • February 07, 1969

    Handwritten Note from the Minister of Foreign Affairs

    In response to a note from the Chinese Embassy in Paris, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Pietro Nenni acknowledges that there is only China.

  • February 18, 1969

    Hungarian Politburo Minutes of the meeting of the Political Committee on 18 February 1969

    One of the main agenda items during this meeting was a discussion of the China question and a recent memorandum on the issue. It is debated whether the memorandum embellishes the isolation of Mao and his group, both internally and internationally. Participants also make predictions of how the situation in China will likely develop.

  • March 01, 1969

    Polish-Soviet Talks in Moscow

    Gomulka and Brezhnev discuss Sino-Soviet border skirmishes. Brezhnev claims the Chinese are preparing for their Congress and trying to "cement the moods of enmity toward the USSR." They also discuss the possibility of improved Sino-American ties.

  • March 02, 1969

    Soviet Report to East German Leadership on Sino-Soviet Border Clashes

    Soviet report summarizing Sino-Soviet military clashes along the border and the island of Damansky.

  • March 11, 1969

    Embassy of the GDR in the PRC, 'Note about the Inaugural Visit of Comrade Ambassador [Gustav] Hertzfeldtt with the Acting Ambassador of the USSR in the PR China, Comrade Yelisavetin, on 10 March 1969'

    Notes on acting Ambassador of the USSR in the People’s Republic of China Alexei Yalisavetin’s remarks to German Democratic Republic Ambassador Gustav Hertzfeldtt about what he viewed as China’s troubling anti-Sovietism as well as the PRC’s attempt at rapprochement with America and West Germany. Yalisavetin also discussed the eventuality of Mao Zedong’s death and named Lin Biao, Zhou Enlai, and Yao Wenyuan as likely successors.

  • March 15, 1969

    Mao Zedong's Talk at a Meeting of the Central Cultural Revolution Group (Excerpt)

    Mao Zedong claimed that the whole country should be prepared against the Soviet Union's invasion.