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October 28, 1959

Cable from the Chinese Interior Ministry, 'Reply to the Letter from the Korean Side Proposing that Former Captives Who are Chinese Citizen Korean Nationality People’s Army Soldiers be given Veteran’s Benefits'

The Chinese Interior Ministry devises a policy to accord veterans benefits to Chinese Koreans who served in the North Korean army and have since returned to China.

October 1959

Cable, Chinese Embassy in North Korea to the Foreign Ministry Consular Affairs Department

Chinese and North Korean officials attempt to resolve the messy citizenship question of KPA veterans with ties to China.

May 11, 1960

Cable from the 3rd Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security, 'On the Issue of Citizenship for Demobilized Korean People's Army Soldiers with Chinese Citizenship and the Chinese Korean Construction Personnel'

China's Ministry of Public Security weighs what to do with Chinese Koreans who joined the Korean People's Army and now wish to restore their PRC citizenship.

January 20, 1961

Memo of Conversation of Deputy Office Director Huang Yugui Deputy with [North] Korean Consul General in Changchun Jeong Bong-gyu, January 20, 1961

Hong Yugui of the Jilin Foreign Affairs Office and DPRK Consul General Jeong Bong-gyu discuss the procedures for restoring the Chinese citizenship of ethnic Koreans who fought in the Korean War.

February 22, 1961

Cable, Foreign Affairs Office of the Jilin Provincial People's Committee to the Foreign Ministry Consular Affairs Department

A cover memo for a conversation between Huang Yugui and the North Korean Consul General in Changchun, Jeong Bong-gyu.

April 4, 1960

Cable from the Chinese Interior Ministry Benefits Bureau, 'Reply to the Letter concerning how to Handle Benefits for Chinese Citizen Demobilized Former Korean People’s Army Soldiers Holding Valid Korean Demobilization Documents who Came to China'

The Interior Ministry weighs on the proposed benefits for Chinese Koreans who formerly served in the North Korean army during the Korean War.

January 13, 1956

Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 13 January 1956

Ivanov delivers to Kim Il Sung a status report on the Soviet Embassy’s work to grant Korean citizenship to Soviet Koreans. Kim hopes that allowing Soviet Koreans to travel to and from the USSR can be used as a means to strengthen the two countries’ ties.

December 24, 1955

Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 24 December 1955

Ambassador Ivanov speaks with Nam Il about Soviet Koreans’ citizenship and agricultural cooperatives.

January 2, 1956

Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor Lazarev and Ri Dong-yong

Lazarev informs DPRK Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Ri Dong-yong that design specialists from Pyongyang have been given permission to study in the USSR for three months. Ri explains that the majority of the Central Committee is not favorable towards granting Soviet Koreans citizenship.

February 2, 1956

Memorandum to the CPSU CC on Soviet Koreans

Reports on the Soviet Embassy’s work regarding Soviet Koreans in the DPRK after a USSR Supreme Soviet Presidium decision to allow them to either convert to Korean citizenship or accept dual citizenship and discusses the topic of whether they should be allowed to return to the USSR.