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August 11, 1962

Cable from Aleksander Krajewski [on a Meeting between Naszkowski and Valente]

A summary of a meeting between Polish Minister Naszkowski and Brazilian Ambassador Valente.


Ahmed Sa‘id, 'Returning from Cuba' (Excerpts)

The author of the Arabic-language book from which this excerpt has been translated, Ahmed Sa‘id (1925-2018), was from 1953 until the wake of the 1967 Six-Day War the inaugural director and main announcer of the Cairo-based Arab nationalist Sawt al-‘Arab. This radio was a crucial public relations instrumentfor the post-revolutionary Egyptian government and the by far most popular station in the Arab world in the 1950s-60s. Consequently, Sa‘id was a household name to Arabs.

While most Arabic books on non-Arab decolonization movements and, related, anti-imperialistmovements in the 1950s and 1960s concerned African states, there was much interest in other countries, too. One was Cuba, where a revolution that had started in 1953 succeeded on January 1, 1959. For realpolitik reasons Cuba early on became a Soviet ally, and eventually in the 1960s turned communist, though it continued to pursue a rather fiercely independent foreign policy including armed engagements in Africa, as Piero Gleijeses’ Conflicting Missions: Havana, Washington, and Africa, 1959-1976 (2003) showed. Egypt, on the other hand, repressed its domestic communists, though entertaining considerable ties with the USSR and defining itself as a socialist state. Thus, when Sa‘id accepted a Cuban invitation to attend the revolution’s second anniversary celebration, it was not leftism that attracted him most. Rather, he in this book depicted Cubans as fellow fighters in a continuous revolution against US-led imperialism, a political battle superseding any cultural or linguistic differences.

July 30, 1959

Memorandum, Stephen G. Xydis to Gene Sosin, 'RE Policy Position Statement: Cuba'

An AMCOMLIB policy assistant comments on a draft RL policy paper on Cuba. (The paper is not attached.)

November 2, 1962

Summary of a Conversation between Cde. A. M. Rumyantsev, Editor-in-Chief of the journal 'Problemy Mira i Sotsializma', and Cde. Blas Roca, Member of the Secretariat of the National Leadership of the United Revolutionary Organizations

Blas Roca explains that the Cuban Missile Crisis "ought to be viewed as a defeat" for Cuba and the Soviet Union.

July 5, 1961

Record of a Conversation between N. S. Khrushchev and Chen Yi, Deputy Premier of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China

Chen asks Khrushchev to go over the pressing international issues and he presents the USSR's stances on the situation in Laos, South Korea, and Cuba. Khrushchev also raises problems in GDR and difficulties in negotiations with Western powers with regards to the German question. Khrushchev also mentions Soviet plans to launch a spaceship and resume nuclear testing. The two leaders also discuss the challenges of agricultural development.

November 26, 1963

Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with [Félix] Pita Rodríguez, Director of the Literature Division for the Cuban Federation of Poets, Writers, and Artists, and His Wife [Mrs. Pita]

Mao and Pita Rodríguez discuss various topics such as the need to reform intellectuals and continue the fight against American imperialism in their respective countries. They also discuss the then recent assassination of US President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963.

April 28, 1961

Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with Guests from Asia and Africa

Mao extends deep sympathy and support to people struggling against imperialism in Arab and African countries. This report was originally published in the People's Daily on April 29, 1961.

April 19, 1961

Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with a Cuban Cultural Delegation

Mao expresses support for the Cuban struggle against American imperialism.

April 15, 1968

Directive Sent to the Soviet Ambassador, Havana

Soviet guidance to its ambassador in Havana on the establishment of a Latin American nuclear free zone. Soviet concerns are voiced about the possibility of the treaty impeding on the transit of nuclear weapons in large areas of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

July 18, 1990

National Intelligence Daily for Wednesday, 18 July 1990

The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Wednesday, 18 July 1990 describes the latest developments in Cuba-Czechoslovakia, USSR, France-Japan, Haiti, Burma, South Africa and Eastern Europe.