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October 17, 1958

Press Release containing a Speech by Minister of External Affairs Frank Aiken and Draft Resolutions on Nuclear Disarmament

Aiken’s first step was a modest paragraph calling for the formation of a UN commission to recommend measures to the next session. However, global attentions were focused on nuclear tests and their health effects, so Aiken linked his initiative with the American-led seventeen-power resolution requesting all states to suspend testing voluntarily. Aiken proposed an amendment to that motion that included the notion of brokering an understanding between nuclear weapons powers and non-nuclear powers.  He submitted that the former voluntarily desist from supplying nuclear weapons to other countries, while non-nuclear powers reciprocated and volunteered not to develop such weapons during a test suspension. This proposed quid pro quo became a staple in the Irish resolutions subsequently and eventually be inscribed into the NPT.

Aiken’s speech invoked recognizable tropes such as a ‘geometric’ increase in nuclear powers, creating an urgent need to halt the spread. His speech was seminal in identifying themes he and international opinion would rehearse in future years. He conjured up fears about small states and revolutionary groups with a bomb acting as ‘the detonator for world-wide thermonuclear war’. Aiken was perceptive – he expected criticisms about institutionalized equality between states (nuclear “haves” and “have nots”), harms to alliances, the sufficiency of test bans, and the absence of monitoring. He sought to disprove the validity of such critiques, and these issues were worked through gradually, eventually leading to the finalization of the NPT ten years later.  

August 5, 1957

Record of Conversation of N.S. Khrushchev with Vice President of the “Japan-USSR” Friendship Society Kazami Akira

Kazami and Khrushchev discuss the development of Soviet-Japanese relations and Japanese independence. Kazami inquires about the possible participation of Japanese specialist in the industrial development of Siberia. He also asks about the potential transfer of the Kuril Islands to Japan. 

June 1958

[Mao Zedong's] Directive Regarding the Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs

Mao calls for China to develop nuclear weapons within ten years.

August 22, 1964

Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with Foreign Guests Who Visited China after Attending the 10th World Conference Against the Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs

Mao meets with guests from different countries who oppose the use of nuclear weapons. Among other topics such as the the Chinese Civil War, they discuss American aggression, the plight of African Americans, and anti-imperialist struggles around the world.

April 15, 1968

Directive Sent to the Soviet Ambassador, Washington

Statement sent to the Soviet ambassador in Washington chastising the United States for the B-52 crash in Greenland.

February 9, 1968

Directive Sent to Cde. Roshchin, Soviet Representative, Geneva

Politburo to the Soviet ambassador and representatives giving them language to use when discussing the American Air Force crash of a B-52 carrying hydrogen bombs in Greenland.

February 9, 1968

Memorandum from the Government of the USSR to the Government of the USA

A Politburo memo about a B-52 bomber carrying four hydrogen bombs crashed off the western coast of Greenland, while trying to land at the United States Ai1 Force base at Thule.

February 9, 1968

Decisions of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU for 9-12 February 1968, '11. On Our Steps in connection with the Accident of the American Bomber with Nuclear Weapons on Board and the Radioactive Contamination of the Environment...'

An outline of next steps the Politburo plans to take in response to the 1968 Thule Air Base B-52 crash.


CSSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Information: The Most Recent Developments in the Chinese People’s Republic and the CSSR-Chinese Relations'

Extensive account of CSSR-Chinese relations, including controversy surrounding the Cultural Revolution and Chinese extremism, anti-Soviet proclivities within the Chinese leadership, and the Chinese hydrogen bomb test on June 17th.

September 30, 1962

Record of Talks from the Premier’s Meeting with the Delegation of the National Front for the Liberation of Southern Vietnam

Zhou Enlai meets with the head of a Vietcong delegation, Nguyen Van Hieu. The two discuss the Vietcong's struggle inside of Vietnam and the organization's international ties, as well as disarmament and Afro-Asian politics.