Skip to content


1 - 10 of 155


December 13, 1982

Memorandum of Conversation between Vice President Bush and Pakistani President Zia, December 8, 1982, 3:45 p.m.

Bush and Zia discuss the Soviet war in Afghanistan, China's relations with Pakistan and the US, the status of Taiwan, and the Pakistani nuclear program.

April 9, 1979

Memorandum for the Secretary of State from Gerard Smith with Enclosed Telegram from the American Embassy, Islamabad

This document has two parts. The first is a memo addressed to the Secretary of State, Cyrus Vance, that focuses on the increasing immediacy of the Pakistan nuclear situation. The second part is a telegram that details the growing pushback from U.S. political leaders after the Carter Administration decided to invoke the Symington Amendment towards Pakistan.

March 5, 1979

Memorandum for the Secretary from Harold Saunders and Thomas R. Pickering, 'A Strategy for Pakistan'

This is a memo authored by Thomas Pickering (Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs) and Harold Saunders (Assistant Secretary of State for Near East Affairs) pertaining to Pakistan's nuclear program. In the piece, Pickering and Saunders advocate a policy of the U.S. sending financial aid and arms to Pakistan, in order to assuage the country's security fears. Warren Christopher’s assistant Steve Oxman thought Pickering and Saunders were "dreaming" if they imagined the package would look like anything other than a bribe for Pakistan and if they believed Congress would permit such a package in the face of persuasive evidence of Pakistani nuclear ambitions

March 23, 1979

Action Memorandum to the Deputy Secretary from Anthony Lake, Harold H. Saunders, and Thomas R. Pickering, 'PRC Paper on South Asia'

This is an interagency Policy Review Committee paper prepared for Deputy Secretary of State, Warren Christopher. The piece explores possible short and long-term strategies for dealing with Pakistan's nuclear ambitions.

August 14, 1979

Cable from the American Embassy Islamabad to the Secretary of State, 'Letter from President Zia ul-Haq to President Carter'

This document is a telegram between the Pakastani president Muhammad Zia and Jimmy Carter. In it, Zia protests at the recent characterization of Pakistan's nuclear program in Western media.

May 25, 1979

Memorandum for Zbigniew Brzezinski from Thomas Thornton, 'Minutes: May 23 PRC Meeting on Pakistan and Subcontinent Matters'

These are the minutes of a May 23, 1979, meeting of high-ranking figures within the Carter Administration. The discussion centered around Pakistan's nuclear program and claims of the so-called "Islamic Bomb."

April 6, 1979

Cable from the Secretary of State to the American Embassy in Islamabad, 'Contingency Press Guidance: Pakistan Nuclear Problem

This document, sent from the U.S. State Department in Washington D.C. to its embassy in Islamabad, is a collection of questions and answers regarding the Pakistan nuclear program. This "Contingency Press Guidance" is meant to guide diplomatic officials on how to appropriately answer questions posed by the press regarding the Pakistan situation.

March 19, 1979

Memorandum for the President from Cyrus Vance, 'Nuclear Problems in the Sub-Continent: Status Report'

This document is a three-page brief from U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance to Jimmy Carter regarding Pakistan's nuclear program.

June 29, 1979

Letter from J.F. MacCulloch (British Embassy, Bonn) to R.J. Alston (Joint Nuclear Unit), 'Israeli Comments on Pakistani and Libyan Nuclear Capability'

This letter, written from Jim MacCulloch at the British Embassy in Bonn to Robert Alston at the FCO's Joint Nuclear Unit, details a recent memorandum sent to West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt by Menachem Begin about the Pakistani nuclear program.

April 26, 1979

J.C.W. Bushell (British Embassy, Islamabad), 'Pakistan - Valedictory Despatch'

After a thirty-four-year career, John Bushell, the then British Ambassador to Pakistan, penned this dispatch as a "farewell" to the diplomatic service. The document touches on many subjects, such as the current political state of Pakistan, his predictions for its future, and the country's diplomatic status among its neighbors.