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Digital Archive International History Declassified

January 11, 1962

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The 7,000 Cadres Conference, the largest-ever held CCP work conference, convenes in Beijing from 11 January through 7 February. At the conference, Liu Shaoqi accepts partial responsibility for the Great Famine on behalf of the Central Committee and many of Mao Zedong's domestic policies are criticized.

May 29, 1962

In the spring of 1962, approximately 67,000 people flee from Xinjiang to Soviet Kazakhstan. Blaming the Soviet Union for causing the unrest, Beijing closes all Soviet consulates throughout China. Known as the Yita Incident, the crisis in Xinjiang marks the further deterioration of Sino-Soviet relations.

Key documents

August 06, 1962

The CCP Central Committee Work Conference convenes in Beidaihe from 6 August through 24 August. After the embarrassing 7,000 Cadres Conference, Mao Zedong attacks "revisionism" in both China's foreign and domestic policies.

October 20, 1962

In response to Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's "Forward Policy" in the Himalayas, the People's Liberation Army strikes at the Eastern and Western Sectors of the Sino-Indian border on 20 October 1962. By 21 November 1962, China had successfully defeated India and restored the status quo. Because of Moscow’s posture of neutrality in the dispute between China and India, however, the war also deepens the Sino-Soviet split.

Key documents