Aleksey Kosygin was a politician and administrator in the Soviet Union. Kosygin was Premier of the USSR from 1964 to 1980.
Anatoly Dobrynin served as the Soviet ambassador to the United States during six presidential administrations from Kennedy to Reagan.
Gromyko was Soviet foreign minister for many years, and was heavily involved in numerous treaties and agreements between East and West.
Bao Dai was the 13th and Last Emperor of Vietnam and South Vietnam 1926-1954.
Boris K. Pugo
Soviet Minister of Interior Affairs from 1990-1991.
First Russian Federation President from 1991-1999.
Chae Byong Duk
Chae Byong Duk commanded the South Korean armies following the end of World War II.
Charles Turner Joy
Charles Joy served as the commander of US Naval Forces in the Far East from 1949-1952.
Clark Clifford was President Johnson's Secretary of Defense from 1968-1969, and was frequently consulted by President Kennedy and President Carter.
Clement Attlee was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Creighton W. Abrams
Creighton Williams Abrams Jr. was a United States Army General in the Vietnam War
Curtis LeMay served in command positions in the Air Force from WWII to 1965. He was the commander of SAC (Strategic Air Command) from 1948-1957.
Dean Acheson was Secretary of State during the Truman Administration
United States Secretary of States from 1961-1969.
Soviet Defense Minister from 1987-1991.
Douglas MacArthur served for almost his whole life in the Armed Forces. He served in WWI, WWII, and the Korean War.
Duong Van Minh
Military Advisor to Ngo Dinh Diem, 1962-1963; Leader, South Vietnam, 1963, 1975.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower was US President from 1953-1961; Eisenhower also served as Supreme Allied Commander Europe during World War II.
Soviet Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1985-1990; President of Georgia from 1995-2003.
Egon Krenz is a former German Communist politician, who briefly served as leader of East Germany in 1989 replacing Erich Honecker.
Honecker was Leader of East Germany from 1971-1989.
Frank Pace, Jr.
Secretary of the United States Army from 1950-1953.
Vice-President of the Soviet Union and leader of the August Coup of 1991.
George C. Marshall
George C. Marshall was a key military figure during WWII, and the period directly following it.
George H. W. Bush
George Herbert Walker Bush was the 41st President of the United States.
George W. Ball
George Wildman Ball was U.S. Undersecretary of State in the administrations of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson
Gerald R. Ford
Gerald R. Ford served as President of the United States from 1973-1977.
Harry S. Truman
President of the United States from 1945-1953.
Dr. Helmut Josef Michael Kohl was Chancellor of Germany from 1982 to 1998.
Henry A. Kissinger
Henry A. Kissinger, a German immigrant, served as Secretary of State for Richard Nixon and was one of his principal advisers during the Vietnam War.
Ho Chi Minh
President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam from 1945-1969.
Hoyt S. Vandenberg
United States Air Force Chief of Staff from 1948-1953.
Hubert H. Humphrey
Hubert Horatio Humphrey Jr. served as the 38th Vice President of the United States, and twice served as a United States Senator from Minnesota.
Ion Iliescu was the first President of Romania after the fall of communism in 1989.
Malik was the Soviet Representative to UN Security Council from 1948-1953.
James A. Baker
James A. Baker was Chief of Staff in the President Ronald Reagan's first administration
James A. Van Fleet
Colonel, US Army, 1941-1944; General, US Eighth Army, 1951-1953.
János Kádár was the General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party from 1956 to 1988, and twice served as prime minister of Hungary.
John F. Dulles
Dulles was an opponent of Truman's containment policy, and became Secretary of State under Eisenhower from 1953-1959.
John F. Kennedy
Kennedy was US President from 1961-1963. Kennedy also served in the US House of Representatives, US Senate, and was a veteran of World War II.
John J. Muccio
Special Representative of the President to Korea, 1948-49; Ambassador to Korea, 1949-52.
John Reed Hodge
John Hodge came from a military background, and served as the commander of the U.S. Third Army from September 1950 to May 1952.
Joseph Lawton Collins
Joseph Collins was a career Army officer.
Leader of the Soviet Union from 1924-1953.
Kim Il Sung
Kim Il Sung served as the Premier of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea from 1948 to his death in 1994.
Adenauer was West German Chancellor
Le Duan was an original founder of the Indochina Communist Party.
Le Duc Tho
Le Duc Tho served as Special Adviser to the North Vietnamese Delegation at the Paris Peace Conference from 1968-1973.
President of Poland from 1990-1995.
Leonid Illyich Brezhnev
Leonid Illyich Brezhnev was Soviet Premier from 1964-1982.
Leonid M. Kravchuk
Leonid Makarovych Kravchuk is a Ukrainian politician, and was a key supporter of the Ukrainian independence movement.
Lewis B. Puller
Officer in the United States Marine Corps from 1918-1955.
Lyndon B. Johnson
Johnson became the Vice President under John F. Kennedy in 1961, and later became President following Kennedy's assassination.
Leader of the People's Republic of China from 1949-1976.
British Prime Minister from 1979-1990.
Mark W. Clark
Mark Clark was the commander of UN and US Forces in Korea from 1952-1953.
Matthew B. Ridgway
Commander, UN and US Troops in Korea, 1951-1952; Commander, NATO Forces in Europe, 1952-1953; Chief of Staff, US Army, 1953-1955.
Mikhail Gorbachev was the Soviet premier from March 1985-1991.
President of Hungary from 1988 to 1990.
Ngo Dinh Diem
Diem was Prime Minister of South Vietnam from 1954-1963.
Ngo Dinh Nhu
Ngo Dinh Nhu was the younger brother and chief political advisor of Ngo Dinh Diem.
Nguyen Cao Ky
Nguyen Cao Ky was Premier of the Republic of South Vietnam, 1965-1967
Nguyen Huu Tho
Nguyen Huu Tho served as the acting President of Vietnam from March 30, 1980 to July 4, 1981.
Nguyen Khanh served as Prime Minister of South Vietnam from 1964-1965.
Nguyen Van Thieu
General, South Veitnamese Army, 1962-1965; Secretary of State, South Vietnam, 1965-1967; President, South Vietnam, 1967-1975.
Nicolae Ceauşescu was the leader of Communist Romania, 1965-1989.
Nikita S. Khrushchev
Khrushchev was First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) from 1953 to 1964.
Oliver P. Smith
Chief of Staff, United States Marine Corps from 1948-1950.
Paik Sun Yup
Major General of the Republic of Korea Army from 1945-1950.
Pham Van Dong
Prime Minister of North Vietnam from 1954-1976.
President of the United States from 1969-1974.
Robert McNamara was the Secretary of Defense from 1961-1968 and President of the World Bank from 1968-1981.
President of the United States from 1981-1989.
First President of South Korea from 1948-1960.
Tran Van Tra
Minister of Defense, Provisional Revolutionary Government, 1969-1996.
Trygve Lie, a Norwegian, served as the first Secretary General of the United Nations from 1946-1952.
Vaclav Havel was a leading figure in the Czechoslovakian "Velvet Revolution" of 1989.
Prime Minister of the U.S.S.R. from January to August 1991.
Van Tien Dung
North Vietnam Military Chief of Staff from 1953-1980.
Vladimir A. Kryuchkov
Vladimir Aleksandrovich Kryuchkov was a Russian politician, statesman, and Army General. Kryuchkov was a leader of the attempted August Coup of 1991.
Vo Nguyen Giap
Defense Minister of North Vietnam and Vietnam from 1944-1980. Commander in the French-Indochina War and the Vietnam War.
Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs
Walt W. Rostow
National Security advisor in the Kennedy and Johnson Administrations.
Leader of East Germany from 1950-1971.
Walton H. Walker
Major general, Eighth Army, 1949-1950.
William Averell Harriman
William Averell Harriman was appointed as Secretary of Commerce in 1946, and worked on the Marshall Plan from 1949-1950.
William C. Westmoreland
US Military commander in the Vietnam War.
William F. Dean
In October 1947 Dean became the military governor of Korea, and returned in 1950 from Japan to turn back the North Korean invasion.
William P. Bundy
William Bundy was a member of the CIA and advisor to President Lyndon B. Johnson.
Willy Brandt was West German Chancellor.
Wojciech Jaruzelski was a communist Polish political and military leader.
Co-founder, Korean Provisional Government, 1919; Leader, Korean People's Republic, 1945-1947.
Yuri Andropov was a Soviet politician and General Secretary of the CPSU
Zhou Enlai, a co-founder of the Chinese Communist Party, rose to become the Chinese Premier from 1949-1976.
Hope M. Harrison
Berlin was at the heart of the Cold War.
Bulgaria's "Unnoticed Transition"
The unnoticed transition in Bulgaria
Clash of Cultures
When did the Cold War turn into a conflict between the United States and the communist regime of North Vietnam?
Czechoslovakia's Velvet Revolution
How the people and a poet peacefully dismantled communism in six weeks
East German Uprising
The roots of the summer 1953 East German crisis date back to July 1952.
Human Choices that Ended the Cold War
Individual actors and their choices that helped bring the Cold War to an end
Korean War Introduction
The Korean War was a complex and multifaceted event that played a determining role in the evolution of the Cold War in Asia.
Revolution in Romania
The end of the Cold War in Romania, 1989
Solidarity in Poland
The Solidarity movement was the driving force of Poland's break from Communism
The End of the Cold War
The Cold War met a miraculous end during the late 1980s
The Fall of the Berlin Wall
The fall of the Berlin Wall stands as a symbol of the end of the Cold War
The US, the USSR, and the the Korean War
When the Soviet-supplied tanks of the North Korean army crossed the 38th parallel, the US and its allies reacted with intense alarm.
The war in Indochina was a long and tragic episode in the Cold War