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The European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom) was established by the Euratom Treaty on 25 March 1957 with the purpose of coordinating and monitoring nuclear energy research programs among the countries of the European Union. (Image: The contracts for the Small European Customs Pact and for the Western European Atomic Energy Community (Eurotom) were signed in Rome on March 25, 1957 by government representatives from the six member states of the Montan Union.(from left to right) Federal Chancellor Adenauer, who signed for the Bonn government, State Secretary Hallstein and the Italian Prime Minister Antonio Segni.)

Popular Documents

February 7, 1967

Draft Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons

Euratom Commission Draft proposed by the US Government to the USSR. Contains six articles detailing the obligations and responsibilities of nuclear weapons and non-nuclear weapons states.

May 7, 1957

Press Conference on 7 May 1957 by Louis Armand, 'A Target for Euratom'

This press conference given by Louis Armand, future first president of Euratom, details a report advocating the creation of an industrial substrate capable of producing by the end of the century abundant energy so that Europe may regain its independence and rethink its economy.

March 2, 1967

Study on the Comparison between IAEA and Euratom Safeguards by the Department of Safeguards

This paper analyzes the safeguard systems in the Euratom Treaty and the IAEA Statute. The study concludes that Euratom has tighter and more complex control of the materials for which it is responsible, but the methods used in the two systems are comparable and compatible.

February 10, 1957

Letter by Max Kohnstamm to Jean Monnet on the Committee of the Three Wise Men

This letter to Jean Monnet details the success of recent meetings between President Eisenhower, the Atomic Energy Commission, and other parties.

May 1958

Draft Memorandum of Understanding between the European Atomic Energy Commission and the Government of the United States of America

This first joint draft memorandum outlining a program of cooperation between the United States and the European Atomic Energy Commission in the construction and installation of large scale prototype power-reactors.