“Local Nationalism" in Xinjiang, 1957-1958
At the end of 1957, the Xinjiang Party Committee announced the convening of an enlarged plenum, with the goal of exposing and criticizing so-called local nationalist deviations. Originally scheduled to last only a few weeks, the meeting dragged on for an extraordinary six months, only concluding in June 1958. This collection is introduced by David Brophy in an essay for Sources and Methods. For other collections about Xinjiang, see "China and the Soviet Union in Xinjiang, 1934-1949," and "The Yi-Ta Incident, 1962."