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The Overseas Chinese and the Cold War

The Overseas Chinese were often at the forefront of the People’s Republic of China’s relationships with the United States, Vietnam, Korea, and Indonesia, among other countries, during the Cold War, and were a major object of the struggle between the Communists on Mainland China and the Nationalists on Taiwan.

Popular Documents

September 5, 1978

Speech made by Pham Van Dong

Pham Van Dong speaks on the war against Pol Pot and Ieng Sary, the issue of the Hoa people in Vietnam, and border disputes with China.

June 28, 1954

Record of the First Meeting between Premier Zhou and Prime Minister U Nu

Zhou Enlai and U Nu first talked about the decision made on the Geneva Conference regarding the armistice in the Korean Peninsula and the role of the US in it. Then they talked about the elements that complicated the Sino-Burmese relations and the need for building mutual trust and signing a non-political agreement. They also discussed the principles they would have in a joint statement before the signing of this potential agreement.

January 4, 1959

Policy Documents for Expatriate Affairs related to the CCP Central Committee, Expatriate Committee, and District Committees (1956, 1957, 1959)

The CCP reviews its work with international Chinese in Southeast Asia as well as some of the boundary issues with Laos, Burma, and Vietnam.

September 25, 1954

Chinese Communist Party, Plan of Action for Welcoming Home the Chinese Internationals

A work plan on Chinese Communist Party strategies for engaging the Overseas Chinese in Burma, Indonesia, India, and South Africa, among other regions.

April 22, 1955

Foreign Minister of the People’s Republic of China, Zhou Enlai’s Remarks at the Signing Ceremony

Zhou Enlai reemphasized the cordial relation between China and Indonesia and expressed his delight with the signing of the treaty.