Skip to content

Warsaw Pact

Documents on the Eastern Bloc military and security organization dominated by the Soviet Union.Also known as the Warsaw Treaty Organization, or the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance. The documents span 1955 to 1988, and most come from archives in Russia, Bulgaria, Romania, and Poland. Most discuss troop movements amongst the Warsaw Pact states. Topics discussed include military exercises, cooperatives agreements, Romania and Czech military formations, and relations with the United States. See also the 1956 Polish and Hungarian Crisis, the 1980-81 Polish Crisis, the Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia, and Warsaw Pact Military Planning. (Image, Warsaw Pact leaders, 1987, Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-1987-0529-029)

Popular Documents

May 14, 1955

Warsaw Pact Treaty

Treaty establishing the Warsaw Pact in response to the integration of West Germany into NATO.

December 5, 1980

Speech by Nicolae Ceausescu at the Meeting of the Party and State Leaders of the Warsaw Pact

Ceausescu talks at length about the problems confronting the Polish United Worker’s Party. He emphasizes the need to not dwell on the causes of the discontent, but rather to stop it from continuing.

June 2, 1988

Military Exercise Shchit-88 Intelligence Summary No. 2 for the period 0800 2 June to 1900 6 June 1988

This document provides background information on a hypothetical political/military scenario leading up to the command staff exercise SHICHT-88 [TARCZA-88 in Polish]. In the scenario 'Blue' military leaders have begun to oppose the policy of detente pursued by their governments and consequently have raised their level of combat readiness by increasing the frequency of military exercises and pressured 'Blue' governments into ending the destruction of intermediate-range nuclear forces as required by the 1987 Treaty on Intermediate Nuclear Forces in Europe. In response the 'Reds' have also raised their combat readiness. The increased international tension has affected the situation within Poland, contributing to increased anti-government sentiment.

October 11, 1964

Plan of Action of the Czechoslovak People’s Army for War Period

A detailed strategic miltiary plan the Czechoslovak People’s Army for war period.

October 8, 1963

Letter from Gomulka to Khrushchev, Marked 'Final Version'

Letter from Gomulka to Khrushchev discussing Polish opposition to Soviet proposal for a Non-Proliferation Treaty. Gomulka suggests that the treaty will further split the communist camp. While discussing the state of Sino-Soviet relations, the Polish leader suggests that the Soviet Union and the PRC adopt a common position in matters of foreign policy in order to strengthen the power of the Socialist camp.