Search in
ADD SEARCH FILTER CANCEL SEARCH FILTER

Digital Archive International History Declassified

No image found.

Making of the Sino-Soviet Alliance, 1945-1950

This is a collection of primary source documents focusing on the difficult road to the establishment of the alliance between the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union.

  • June 15, 1947

    Cable, Stalin [Kuznetsov] to Mao Zedong [via Terebin]

    Stalin, writing under the pseudonym “Fyodor Kuznetsov,” who was Stalin’s Chief of the GRU, tells “Terebin,” actually Soviet doctor and operative in Yan’an Andrei Orlov, to arrange a secret meeting in Moscow with Mao Zedong.

  • July 01, 1947

    Cable, Stalin [Kuznetsov] to Mao Zedong [via Terebin]

    Stalin, using the name of Chief of the GRU, Fyodor Kuznetsov, tells Terebin, actually Soviet operative in Yan'an Andrei Orlov, to delay Mao's secret visit to Moscow.

  • December 16, 1947

    Cable, Stalin [Kuznetsov] to Mao Zedong [via Terebin]

    Stalin, using the name of Fyodor Kuznetsov, Chief of the GRU, officially invites Mao Zedong to Moscow. Stalin does so through Andrei Orlov, acting under the name "Terebin."

  • December 17, 1947

    Cable, Terebin to Stalin [via Kuznetsov]

    Terebin (Andrei Orlov) returns Kuznetsov's (Stalin) cable concerning a visit to Moscow by Mao. Terebin gives Mao's response to the invitation and tells of a discussion that took place between himself and Mao after Stalin's message was relayed.

  • 1948

    Soviet Telegram, Regarding Operation Plan from the Chief of Staff of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, Zhu De

    Telegram noting that a certain plan by General Zhu De for October has been received. Estimates the military support that it will require. Brian Murray questions the validity of the document in CWIHP Working Paper No. 12, where the document is published.

  • April 20, 1948

    Cable, Stalin [Kuznetsov] to Mao Zedong [via Terebin]

    Stalin responds to two letters from Mao, via Terebin (Andrei Orlov). In the cable, Stalin gives advice to Mao on what to do with opposing parties once the Chinese revolution is complete and whether or not Mao should include the liberal bourgeosie in China's central government.

  • April 22, 1948

    Cable, Terebin to Stalin, Plans for Mao's Visit to Moscow

    Terebin (Andrei Orlov) tells Stalin of Mao's plans for arriving in Moscow and asks whether he, Terebin, should join Mao on the journey.

  • April 26, 1948

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao tells Filippov (Stalin) about the move of the Central Committee to a more rural area in China. Mao also discusses his plans for his trip to Moscow.

  • April 29, 1948

    Cable, Stalin to Mao Zedong

    Stalin agrees with the plans Mao discusses in a previous cable.

  • May 10, 1948

    Cable, Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong

    Filippov (Stalin) suggests that, because of possible dangers, Mao delay his trip to Moscow even further.

  • May 10, 1948

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao says that his poor health requires him to delay his trip further.

  • May 22, 1948

    Soviet Military Order from Foreign Operations Section Chief to Commander of East-Asian Operational Section Managarov

    Soviet military message ordering its recipient to ascertain the needs of the People's Liberation Army, so that the Soviet Union can meet them. The message also contains affirmations of Soviet support for the Communist forces in China, and promises of massive aid in the future.

  • June 20, 1948

    Memorandum of Conversation, Soviet Ambassador to China, N. V. Roshchin with the President of the Chinese Republic Jiang Jieshi [Chiang Kai-shek] on 2 June 1948

    Report from Soviet Ambassador to China Roshchin on a conversation he had with Jiang Jieshi. The two discuss Japan; Jieshi remains vague on his opinions of the handling of the Japanese situation, but admits that the American approach has some flaws. Roshchin concludes that the Chinese should be watched with respect to Japan.

  • July 04, 1948

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Stalin

    Mao states to Stalin that his health is no longer a problem and that he, Mao, may now go to Moscow. Mao discusses the best means for doing so.

  • July 06, 1948

    Soviet Military Order from Operations Chief, Section Chief Lieutenant General Filyashev/Filyashkii to Commander of East-Asian Operational Section General Lieutenant Managarov

    Soviet military order informing the Chief of East-Asian Operational Section General Lieutenant Managarov of the arrival of a Lieutenant General Fedenko, who will take over operational command. It orders Managarov to continue to attend to supply line matters, and attend to the needs of the People's Liberation Army eagerly.

  • July 14, 1948

    Cable, Stalin to Mao Zedong [via Terebin]

    Stalin asks Mao, through Terebin (Andrei Orlov), to visit Moscow in November so Mao will be able to see all of the important Soviet leaders.

  • July 14, 1948

    Cable, Terebin to Stalin

    Terebin discusses briefly Mao's reaction to Stalin's telegram, dated July 14, 1948, and gives Mao's response.

  • July 17, 1948

    Cable, Terebin to Stalin [via Kuznetsov]

    Terebin (Andrei Orlov) gives Kuznetsov (Stalin) his, Terebin's, interpretation of Mao's reaction to Stalin's cable asking that Mao's visit be delayed several months.

  • July 28, 1948

    Cable, Terebin to Stalin [via Kuznetsov]

    Terebin (Andrei Orlov) discusses Mao's plans for conversation when the trip to Moscow is made. Terebin lists seven questions of Mao's that Mao will bring up upon arriving in the USSR.

  • September 28, 1948

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Stalin

    Mao agrees to delay his visit to the USSR until November, but asks that, Stalin and the Cenral Committee give advice about several questions Mao had stated previously.