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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 13, 1935

    Politburo Decisions of 13 September 1935 Concerning Xinjiang

    The Politburo directs manpower and funds to support the Xinjiang army and accepts the text of an agreement between the Mongolian People's Republic and Manchukuo on the issue of a border commission.

  • October 01, 1935

    Concerning the Sale of Soviet Military Equipment to the Xinjiang Government

    The Politburo orders military equipment, including U-2 aircraft, small arms, and clothing, from NKO stocks to be sold to the Xinjiang government.

  • October 03, 1935

    Concerning Relations with the 36th Division (National Revolutionary Army)

    The Politburo orders the NKVD to seek, with the cooperation of Ma Zhongying, commander of the 36th Division of the National Revolutionary Army, the departure of the NRA division commanders most hostile to the Xinjiang government. The Politburo also instructs the NKVT and NKID to commence trade with the 36th Division immediately.

  • February 28, 1936

    Concerning the Protection of the USSR from Espionage and Sabotage

    The Politburo adopts measures to protect the Soviet Union from the penetration of terrorist, espionage, and sabotage elements.

  • April 04, 1937

    Concerning a Peace Settlement in Kashgar

    The Politburo orders both the governor of Kashgar and Cde. Smirnov to appeal to Mamut to resolve his disputes with the Urumqi government peacefully. In the event that Mamut begins conducting military opeartions against the Urumqi government, the Politburo orders Cdes. Frinovsky and Uritsky to prepare a plan of military measures against the Uighur division.

  • April 19, 1937

    Concerning Actions to be Taken Against the Command of the 6th Division of the NRA

    Noting that the command staff of the 6th Division of the Chinese National Revolutionary Army is hostile to the Urumqi government, the Politburo orders that the units be disarmed and the command staff arrested. The Politburo also orders that a group of energetic Chinese and Uighurs from Kashgar be sent to organize a government in Yarkant.

  • May 17, 1937

    Concerning Support for Chinese Troops in Kashgaria

    The Politburo orders Soviet aircraft, armored cars, and pilots be sent to assist the Chinese command in suppressing the rebels in Kashgaria.

  • June 14, 1937

    Concerning the 36th Division of the NRA's Appeals to the Soviet Government

    In response to Ma Hushan's (commander of the 36th Division of the NRA) request for Soviet assistance in Xinjiang and the release of Ma Zhongying from the Soviet Union, the Politburo resolves that it will provide assistance only after the leadership of the 36th Division concludes an agreement with the Xinjiang government and establishes peace in the south of Xinjiang.

  • July 29, 1937

    Concerning Soviet Military Operations in Xinjiang

    The Politburo orders two regiments be sent into Xinjiang to prevent the advance of the 36th Division. It also orders that Ma Zhongying continue to be detained and recommends that the governor of Xinjiang avoid an agreement with Ma Hushan.

  • January 09, 1938

    Concerning Troop Movements through Xinjiang

    The Politburo recommends that Sheng Shicai advise Jiang Jieshi to permit the regiment currently stationed in Erlizihe to proceed to its designated location.

  • January 10, 1938

    Concerning NKVD Operations in Xinjiang

    The Politburo orders the NKVD to deploy a reinforced cavalry regiment and an attached RKKA fighter squadron to the area of Hami, allocating additional tanks, automobiles, and gasoline trucks to support their operations. It also provides recommended changes to Shicai Sheng's military policy in Xinjiang.

  • January 11, 1939

    Concerning the Work of the NKVD Special Departments

    The Politburo describes the work of the NKVD Special Departments, which are charged with fighting counterrevolution, espionage, and other anti-Soviet activity in the Red Army, Navy, and NKVD. To accomplish these tasks, the Special Departments organize an apparatus of informers and conduct searches and seizures.

  • June 09, 1940

    Concerning Funding for the Red Army

    The Soviet Politburo directs the NKO to approve over 9 million rubles in hard currency expenses for the 5th Directorate of the Red Army for 1940.

  • March 07, 1941

    Concerning the Sin'tszyanolovo Concession in Xinjiang

    The Soviet Politburo approves the Narkomtsvetmet's 1941 work plan for the Sin'tszyanolovo concession and outlines the tasks related to the concession for which the NKVD, NKO, Civil Air Fleet, Narkomtsvetmet, and the Council of Ministers are respectively responsible.

  • April 19, 1941

    Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings

    The Politburo issued 5.25 million rubles to support the NKO's operations in the Mongolian People's Republic and Xinjiang, the independent NKVD rifle battalion in Xinjiang, and the topographic detachment in Xinjiang until the end of 1941.

  • November 09, 1944

    Letter No. 402 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King

    The Canadian Ambassador to the Soviet Union, L.D. Wilgress, thoroughly reviews Soviet foreign policy in Europe, Asia, and in Latin America and its relations with the United States and the United Kingdom. Wilgress optimistically concludes that "the Soviet Government are desirous of co-operating fully with the other great powers."

  • April 29, 1945

    Report from L. Beria and A. Vyshinsky to Cde. I.V. Stalin

    Beria and Vyshinsky summarize the prevailing conditions in the Ili District of Xinjiang, describing the equipment and foodstuffs seized by the rebels, the extent of Chinese army losses, and the provisional government headed by Alihan Tore Shakirjan. Urging Stalin to support the Ili Muslims' liberation movement, they offer suggestions for future actions in support of the rebel army.

  • July, 1945

    Telegram from Cde. Yegnarov for Cde. Beria

    Cde. Yegnarov reports on his meeting with "Sadyk," noting his persistent requests to begin military operations against the Chinese and for "Sadyk" to lead the operation against the Chinese in the South of Xinjiang. Yegnarov also describes military maneuvers in the Ili District and requests permission to transfer Red Army detachments in order to liberate the Tarbaghatai District.

  • July 17, 1945

    Telegram from Cde. Yegnarov for Cde. Beria

    Yegnarov reports on a rebel battle against Chinese forces in Manas and Chinese troop movements in the Barlik Range, announcing the troop movements he ordered in light of these developments.

  • August, 1945

    Telegram from Acting Chief of the USSR NKVD Troops Stakhanov to Cde. Beria

    Stakhanov reports on the internment of approximately 1100 Chinese citizens in the Arkarly Mountains following the rebels' occupation of the city of Dorbiljin.