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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • 1951

    Letter, Lieutenant General John B. Coulter to Syngman Rhee

    Lieutenant General John B. Coulter responds to Syngman Rhee's request to obtain vehicles and tanks that the US plans to scrap.

  • February 14, 1951

    Letter, President Syngman Rhee to General Coulter

    President Rhee urges General Coulter to request for US permission to allow South Korean technicians to restore and repair the war tanks that the US was going to scrap into iron. Rhee argues that these tanks are indispensable for the ROK’ s national defense. He is also willing to pay the US in cash or iron scraps to get these tanks.

  • February 15, 1951

    Letter, Lieutenant General John B. Coulter to Syngman Rhee

    Lieutenang General John B. Coulter informs Syngman Rhee that the Eighth United States Army Korea is considering his request regarding tanks.

  • June 06, 1953

    Statement by President Syngman Rhee

    President Syngman Rhee strongly opposed the peace talks between the United Nations, the North Korea People’s Army, and the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army. Rhee proposed that he would accept this armistice only if the United States signed a Mutual Defense Pact and to continue to build the ROK forces after the war.

  • August 06, 1953

    Summary Memorandum, US-ROK Mutual Defense Treaty (August 6)

    In 1953, Secretary Dulles met President Rhee to discuss the US-ROK mutual defense treaty. This summary memorandum notes twelve of Rhee’s requests and/or points he will like this treaty to incorporate. These include the number of ROKA divisions, which economic model the US should use to help Korea’s economy, and the request for moral and material support for the ROK to resume war with the north. This summary also notes whether the US granted, wanted to further discuss, or rejected each point.

  • March 06, 1954

    Letter, James A. Van Fleet to President Syngman Rhee

    General Van Fleet addresses his concern for the Far East. While some Americans are calling for US withdrawal from South Korea, he insists that the US has a “morale and a material obligation” in the Peninsula.

  • May 17, 1954

    Letter, Mayor Taeson Kim to General Maxwell D. Taylor

    While stationed in Korea, only the United States Army authorities had access to the facilities (park and pools) in the Seoul City Command. Mayor Kim is requesting General Taylor to repair and return these buildings to the Seoul Special City in order to prepare Korean athletes for the Olympics.

  • May 18, 1954

    Press Release, 'Visiting of US Governors'

    Between May 24-29, four US Governors (Colorado, Texas, Pennsylvania, and Oklahoma) will travel to South Korea to observe the development of US and United Nations rehabilitation programs in South Korea.

  • September 10, 1954

    Letter, Preston Goodfellow to President Syngman Rhee

    In this letter, Goodfellow addresses Korean tungsten production and German attempts to buy it. He states Americans will not allow players “behind the Iron Curtain” to own or have the power to set the tungsten world price. He also briefly mentions American military assistance and the first Taiwan Crisis.

  • December, 1954

    Message, President Syngman Rhee to General Taylor and his forces

    In this Christmas Message, President Rhee addresses General Taylor and the US Forces. He praises the US troops for their victory against the communist aggression during the Korean War. Rhee recognizes America for continuing to “defend human liberty” not only in Korea but in all of Asia. Rhee ends the message with the goal of creating a “free, united, and democratic” Korea.

  • March 11, 1955

    Letter, Lieutenant General C. B. Ferenbaugh to President Rhee

    The United States has created a policy to aid the Republic of Korea by 1) strengthening the military establishment and, 2) helping stabilize her economy. Military aid would take the form of 720 thousand troops distributed amongst the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and the Air Force.

  • May 28, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 28 May 1957

    Nam Il and Puzanov object to American efforts to legitimize the military fortification of South Korea by changing Article 13 of the Armistice agreement. Nam Il also requests consultation for the DPRK draft of its first five-year plan. Later, Puzanov meets with PNR Ambassador Siedlecki, who discusses the Neutral Commission's perspective on the US proposal to change the Armistice.

  • June 11, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 11 June 1957

    Nam Il invites the Ambassadors of the USSR, China, Czechoslovakia, and Poland to seek consensus on holding an unofficial conference that clarifies positions against potential US efforts to change Article 13 of the Armistice agreement.

  • September 14, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on press release on UNCURK's report, North-South Red Cross talks, prospects for postponement, report on the UNC to the UN, military armistice commission, ROK troop withdrawal from Vietnam, US troop withdrawal from the ROK, and UNGA documentation on Korea.

  • September 26, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun and Narasimhan exchange telegrams on UN General Assembly's decision to proceed UNCURK's dissolution and UN troop withdrawal from ROK.

  • January 13, 1977

    Telegram 01/0402 from the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang

    The Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs instructs the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to report the DPRK's reactions regarding South Korean President Park Chung Hee's January statement of US troop withdrawal upon a non-aggression pact signed by the two Koreas.

  • February 01, 1977

    Joint Meeting of Political Parties and Social Organizations Discussing Unification of the Fatherland

    Communist World Broadcast Listening Report on joint meeting of political parties and social organizations discussing unification of the Fatherland.

  • February 07, 1977

    Telegram 084120 from the Romanian Embassy in Washington, DC, to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Washington, DC reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the Carter administration's position regarding US troop withdrawal from South Korea. It also comments on the internationally tense Korean situation.

  • March 21, 1977

    Telegram 084354 from the Romanian Embassy in Washington, DC, to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Washington, DC reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on South Korean consultation with the United States on the Korean issue.

  • March 22, 1977

    Telegram 01/02585 from the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang

    The Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs informs the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang of the US's commitment to maintain strategic and military balance in the Korean Peninsula, and its continued insistence on South Korean participation in negotiations with the DPRK.