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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 02, 1974

    Top Secret Attachment, by KGB cipher Kabul

    This document emphasizes Soviet support for Afghanistan. The Soviets pledge to help with domestic and international policy, and state the cooperation between these two countries is in the interests of world peace.

  • June 26, 1974

    Decree of the CPSU CC - Information for the Leaders of the Progressive Afghan Political Organizations 'Parcham' and 'Khalq' Concerning the Results of the Visit of Mohammed Daud to the USSR

    This document provides information for the leaders of the progressive Afghan political parties; and results of the CC elections.

  • May 31, 1978

    Political Letter from USSR Ambassador to Afghanistan A. Puzanov to Soviet Foreign Ministry, "About the Domestic Political Situation in the DRA," (notes)

    Political Letter from USSR Ambassador to Afghanistan A. Puzanov to Soviet Foreign Ministry, "About the Domestic Political Situation in the DRA," (notes) expressing the need to support the new Afghanistani government in order to strengthen it

  • June 18, 1978

    Record of Conversation, Soviet Ambassador A.M. Puzanov and Taraki

    Record of Conversation, Soviet Ambassador A.M. Puzanov and Taraki on possible disunity within the Afghan Communist Party, rebutted by Taraki claiming that the party is unified

  • July 18, 1978

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Afghanistan A.M. Puzanov and Taraki

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Afghanistan A.M. Puzanov and Taraki about the situation in Afghanistan and Taraki’s meeting with US Deputy Secretary of State David Newsom

  • October 13, 1978

    Information from CC CPSU to GDR leader Erich Honecker

    Information from CC CPSU to GDR leader Erich Honecker regarding widespread repressions in Afghanistan and the general comradeship between Afghanistan and the Soviet Union

  • October 17, 1978

    Soviet communication to the Hungarian leadership on the situation in Afghanistan

    This document discusses Hungary’s role in Afghanistan in terms of solidarity between the USSR and Afghanistan, and the impact of divisions within Afghan's political parties.

  • January 07, 1979

    CPSU CC Politburo Decision on Draft Telegram to the Soviet Embassy in Afghanistan, 07 January 1979

    CPSU CC Politburo approves a draft telegram to be sent to the Soviet ambassador in Afghanistan, instructing him to inform the Afghani leadership on the nature of Soviet assistance to the Afghan armed forces.

  • March 17, 1979

    Transcript of CPSU CC Politburo Discussions on Afghanistan

    Transcript of CPSU CC Politburo Discussions on Afghanistan regarding deterioration of conditions in Afghanistan and possible responses from the Soviet Union

  • March 18, 1979

    Exerpt from Politburo Meeting on Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

    CPSU CC Politburo Member Chernenko states that Soviet invervention in Afghanistan will lead to accussation of Soviet aggression

  • March 18, 1979

    CPSU CC Politburo Decisions on Afghanistan

    CPSU CC Politburo Decisions on Afghanistan assigning roles to expose outside intervention in Afghanistan and to deal with the deteriorating situation

  • March 20, 1979

    Meeting of Kosygin, Gromyko, Ustinov, and Ponomarev with Taraki in Moscow

    Meeting of Kosygin, Gromyko, Ustinov, and Ponomarev with Taraki in Moscow to discuss the deterioration of the situation in Afghanistan and expressing Soviet support for Afghanistan.

  • March 22, 1979

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Afghanistan A.M. Puzanov and Taraki

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Afghanistan A.M. Puzanov and Taraki in which Taraki thanks Puzanov for Soviet aid and discusses conversation held with Soviet leaders

  • March 22, 1979

    Transcript of CPSU CC Politburo Session on Afghanistan

  • March 28, 1979

    Soviet Communication to the Hungarian Leadership on the Situation in Afghanistan

    This document discusses the strained political situation in Afghanistan in terms of counter-revolutionaries attempting to overthrow the government. Such revolutions in part came from reactionary Muslim regions, some of which are replete with Shiites who may have been influence by the Chinese government.

  • April 01, 1979

    Memo on Protocol #149 of the Politburo, "Our future policy in connection with the situation in Afghanistan"

    The following CPSU Central Committee document, dated 1 April 1979 and signed by Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko, Defense Minister Dmitrii Ustinov, KGB chief Yurii Andropov, and CC International Department head Boris Ponomarev, provides a strikingly candid assessment of the deteriorating situation in Afghanistan that the Soviet Politburo confronted in spring 1979. The report attributes the increasing success of the Islamic opposition (i.e., the Afghan Mujaheddin) to the “miscalculations and mistakes” of the PDPA (People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan) regime that seized power following the April 1978 “revolution.”

  • April 14, 1979

    Report of the chief of the Soviet military advisory group in Afghanistan, Lt. Gen. L.N. Gorelov, with H. Amin (excerpt)

    Report of the chief of the Soviet military advisory group in Afghanistan, Lt. Gen. L.N. Gorelov, with H. Amin (excerpt) describing Amin’s request for further military aid from the Soviet Union.

  • April 21, 1979

    Protocol #150 of the CC CPSU Politburo Session, 21 April 1979

    Concerns helicopter and ammunition deliveries from the Soviet Union to Afghanistan.

  • May 24, 1979

    CPSU CC Protocol #152/159, 24 May 1979, and Instructions to Soviet Ambassador in Afghanistan

    CPSU CC Politburo protocol approving of additional military assistance for Afghanistan. Also includes instruction to the Soviet Ambassador in Afghanistan to visit Taraki and inform him that the Soviet Union will be sending military aid but no Soviet crews and troops

  • June 09, 1979

    Record of Conversation Between Soviet Ambassador A.M. Puzanov and Taraki

    Record of Conversation Between Soviet Ambassador A.M. Puzanov and Taraki about a possible meeting between Pakistan’s Zia-ul-Haq and Taraki