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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 12, 1955

    Journal Entry of Ambassador Zhukov: Breakfast With Huang Zhen

    This journal entry from Zhukov describes the breakfast that was given by Huang Zhen in honor of Soviet author N.S. Tikhonov on March 31, 1955. Zhen and Tikhonov exchanged "short greetings." Zhen then informed Zhukov that numerous newspaper reports stating that Ho Chi Minh will head the North Vietnamese delegation at the upcoming Bandung Conference are incorrect. Mao Shen, the Chinese military attache, also relayed to Zhukov his concern over security issues at the upcoming African-Asian Conference.

  • April 12, 1955

    Cable from Yuan Zhongxin, 'Plane Crash Situation Report'

    Yuan Zhongxin reports on an airplane carrying Chinese, Indian, Vietnamese, and Polish personnel to the Asian-African Conference which crashed into the sea near India.

  • April 12, 1955

    Cable from the Guangdong Provincial Foreign Affairs Office, 'Situation regarding the Loss of Our Bandung Bound Aircraft'

    Officials in Guangdong report on the plane crash and the rescue effort.

  • April 12, 1955

    Letter to the CPSU Central Committee, to A. A. Smirnov, Regarding A. F. Serabi

    This letter reports on the status of several Iranian emigrants working in Azerbaijan and addresses reports that some were removed from their positions for violating rules.

  • April 12, 1955

    Journal Entry of Ambassador Zhukov: The Arrival of Tikhonov in Jakarta

    This journal entry recounts the arrival in Jakarta of the Soviet author N.S. Tikhonov on March 28, 1955. A "large group" of Indonesians, including Prijono (an Indonesian politician and academic who had recently been awarded the Stalin Peace Prize) had gathered at the airport to hear a speech from Tikhonov. Tikhonov addressed the Indonesian crowd and thanked them and offered hopes for further positive Soviet-Indonesian relations.

  • April 12, 1955

    Record of a Conversation with Cde. Ryu Seong-hun, Rector of the DPRK Cabinet of Ministers Institute of the Economy and Economics

    Ryu Seong-hun talks with S. Filatov about serious theoretical mistakes and shortcomings at North Korea’s Ministers Institute of the Economy and Economics.

  • April 12, 1955

    Journal Entry of Ambassador Zhukov: Visit of Huang Zhen

    This journal entry from Zhukov describes a visit from Huang Zhen, the PRC Ambassador to Indonesia, on April 6, 1955. The two discuss the composition of the Chinese delegation to the upcoming Africa-Asian Conference. The Chinese delegation will include a Muslim member, which Zhukov cites as being of "great significance." Zhukov asks about what steps the Indonesian government is taking to ensure security for conference participants, particularly since Zhou Enlai will be attending. Later, Zhen tells Zhukov about some villas that the Chinese embassy has rented in a mountainous location that possess amenities not easily found in Jakarta.

  • April 12, 1955

    Journal Entry of Ambassador Zhukov: Record of Conversation with the Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sunario

    This journal entry from Zhukov describes a visit he paid to Sunario, the Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs, on March 24, 1955. He informs Sunario that a Soviet film about Indonesia, "Around Indonesia," has been completed and he would like to arrange a viewing of the film for Sunario and other political figures, including President Sukarno. Sunario agrees and a showing is arranged. Talk then shifts to the upcoming African-Asian Conference and Indonesia's position towards SEATO.

  • April 13, 1955

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report from Dr. László Keresztes, Chargé d’Affaires ad interim at the Hungarian embassy in the DPRK, which talks about a conversation he had with Soviet Counselor A.M. Petrov. Keresztes sharply criticizes the secrecy and force that is utilized by the North Korean government and talks especially about the unreasonable economic conditions which exist in the DPRK.

  • April 13, 1955

    Record of a Conversation with Editor of the Journal “Novaya Koreya” Song Jin-hwa

    Song Jin-hwa shares his impressions of the results of the 10th KWP CC Plenum, where the nature of the Korean revolution, the development of socialism in North Korea, and the situation in South Korea was discussed.

  • April 13, 1955

    Record of a Conversation with Illarion Dmitriyevich Pak, Chairman of the Jagang Provincial People's Committee

    Pak discusses the domestic political situation of the DPRK, in which a culture of servility toward Kim Il Sung pervades the political atmosphere and great pressure is placed the on peasants as a result of new agricultural policies.

  • April 15, 1955

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in India, 'Zhang and Kang Flew to Yangon on the 15th'

    The Chinese Embassy in India reports to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs that Kang Maozhao and Zhang Weileng flew to Yangon on April 15th and will be continuing on to Jakarta.

  • April 16, 1955

    Minutes of Conversation Between British Interim Charge d’Affaires of Hong Kong John Addis and Deputy Department Head Zhang Yue

    A Chinese Foreign Ministry representative asks for the government of Singapore to ensure the safety of the Bandung-bounded aircraft carrying Zhou Enlai.

  • April 16, 1955

    Summary of the Talks between Premier Zhou and Nehru and U Nu

    Summary of the meeting between the Burmese, Chinese and Indian Prime Ministers. The three wished that permanent economic and political institutions could be set up at the Bandung Conference but expressed doubt on that possibility and on whether these institutions could work as desired. Besides, Zhou Enlai proposed the issuance of a document to express the participants' common aspirations. The issue of the Five Principles was also touched upon.

  • April 17, 1955

    Letter, General J. H. Collier to Francesca Donner Rhee

    Thank you note from General Collier.

  • April 18, 1955

    Letter, General C. B. Ferenbaugh to Syngman Rhee

    Invitation to Syngman Rhee to speak at a ground-breaking ceremony for Eighth Army Memorial Hospital.

  • April 19, 1955

    Cable from Zhang Hanfu, 'First Daily Report on the Activities of the Delegation'

    Zhang Hanfu report on the activities involving the Chinese delegation at the Asian-African Conference during the first two days of the conference.

  • April 19, 1955

    Letter, C. J. Yu to General C. B. Ferenbaugh

    President Syngman Rhee declines an invitation.

  • April 19, 1955

    Soviet Memo Regarding Mir Aga Azari and the Democratic Party of Iranian Azerbaijan

    This memo addresses Azari's letters to the CPSU CC and notes that the highest ranked leaders of the Democratic Party of Iranian Azerbaijan stated that Azari pursued disruptive work within the party and that they had all been elected democratically. The decision was made to not send a commission to Baku or invite Azari to Moscow, and rather that he should pursue his reinstatement himself.

  • April 19, 1955

    Supplementary Speech of Premier Zhou Enlai at the Plenary Session of the Asian African-Conference

    Zhou Enlai claimed that although the PRC believed communism was positive, they did not come to the conference for the purpose of propaganda and wished to seek communality instead, otherwise they could have mentioned the Taiwan issue and the treatment of the PRC at the UN. He went on to stress that ideological and religious difference should not prevent countries from agreeing on fundamental points. Zhou also discussed China's opposition to interference in other countries' affairs.