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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 24, 1944

    Decree by the USSR Council of People’s Commissars on Establishing a School in Tabriz

    A decree by Molotov discussing plans to establish a school in Tabriz with instruction in the Azerbaijani language.

  • June 26, 1944

    Record of a Conversation with Percy Chen

    D. Godnunov reports that he discussed military developments in the Sino-Japanese War with Percy Chen, as well as the visit to China made by US Vice President Henry Wallace.

  • July 05, 1944

    Telegram from Nikishov to Beria - Wallace's Goodbye Message

    Telegram from Ivan Nikishov, to NKVD Commissar Beria. Nikishov reports on Vice President Henry Wallace's goodbye message after completing his visit to the Soviet Far East in May 1944.

  • July 18, 1944

    Telegram from Plyshevsky to Cde. N.I. Baskakov

    PLyshevsky forwards records of conversation with Percy Chen and Lin Zuhan.

  • July 31, 1944

    Telegram from Plyshevky to Cde. N.I. Baskakov

    Plyshevsky forwards conversations with Pery Chen and Dong Biwu to Cde. Baskakov.

  • August 16, 1944

    Federal Bureau of Investigation Telegram on Mikhail Kalatozov

    A source indicated that film director Mikhail Kalatozov will be returning to the Soviet Union.

  • August 23, 1944

    Federal Bureau of Investigation Report on Activities of Mikhail Konstantin Kalatozov

    Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov has left Los Angeles for New York and Washington, DC, and will likely be returning home to the Soviet Union. A list of contacts by Kalatozov's staff and his wife to various American film producers and directors is recorded, including Orson Welles.

  • September, 1944

    Memorandum by George Kennan , 'Russia – Seven Years Later' (excerpt)

    George Kennan describes Stalin's character, underlining the importance of his nationality, ignorance of the west, and his seclusion. Kennan further warns that Stalin's advisors are not interested in collaborating with western democracies, and that Russia's internal police regime is developed beyond its foreign policy.

  • September 11, 1944

    Memorandum for J. Edgar Hoover on Proposed Organization for Exchange of American and Soviet Films

    A heavily redacted memorandum on a report from the Assistant Attorney General regarding a proposed organization to exchange Soviet and American films, which would involve film director Mikhail Kalatozov.

  • September 29, 1944

    Letter, Igor V. Kurchatov, Director of the Soviet Nuclear Program, to Lavrenti Beria

    In this letter, physicist Igor V. Kurchatov, the scientific director of the Soviet nuclear project, writes to secret police chief Lavrenti Beria, whom Stalin had given principal responsibility for the atomic effort. Prodded by his own scientists and by intelligence reports of the secret Anglo-American atomic enterprise, Stalin had initiated a small-scale Soviet nuclear weapons program in late 1942-early 1943. But the level of support political leaders had given the project failed to satisfy Kurchatov, who pleaded with Beria for additional backing.

  • October 02, 1944

    Letter from Boris Merkulov (USSR People’s Commissar for State Security) to Lavrenty Beria (USSR People’s Commissar for Internal Affairs)

    Letter from Merkulov to Beria regarding the KGB’s efforts to obtain information about the creation of the atomic bomb and specifically about the related problems with uranium

  • October 09, 1944

    Record of Meeting at the Kremlin, Moscow, 9 October 1944, at 10 p.m.

    Churchill, Eden, Stalin, and Molotov discuss the leadership in Poland, Britains interests in Greece and Hong Kong, the actions of Romania and Bulgaria during the war, Turkey, the need for the Great Powers to exert influence on the Balkans to prevent small wars, the leadership of Italy, interests in Bulgaria and Romania, the dividing of Germany and Germany's future, and the American plans in the war against Japan.

  • October 10, 1944

    Record of Meeting at the Kremlin, Moscow on 10 October 1944, at 7 p.m.

    Eden and Molotov discuss the post-war situation in the Balkans, the installment of a Control Commission to influence Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia and Germany as well as the dividing of these countries and which Great Power should exert control on each country.

  • October 13, 1944

    Record of Meeting Held at Spiridonovka House on 13 October at 5 p.m.

    M. Mikolajczyk discusses the Polish memorandum regarding the reconstruction and internal affairs of post-war Poland, Stalin reprimands Mikolajczyk for the extralegal approval of this memorandum. Churchill defends the memorandum, Stalin criticizes it, and Mikolajczyk emphasizes Poland's sovereignty as well as the legitimacy of the underground government in occupied Poland. Contentious discussion on the issue of the Curzon Line between Stalin and Mikolajczyk--Churchill acts as a mediator.

  • October 16, 1944

    Information Letter from Yasnovsky to Cdes. Petrov and Plyshevsky

    Yasnovsky reports on developments in Xinjiang since the arrival of a new governor, Wu Zhongxin.

  • October 17, 1944

    Record of Meeting Held at the Kremlin on 17 October 1944, at 10 p.m.

    Churchill and Stalin discuss the progress of the war in Europe and its brutality. They propose three alternative plans of German dismemberment and how German assets should be divided among the Allies. They discuss further punishments and reparations.

  • October 22, 1944

    Minutes of the PWP CC Meetings on 22 October 1944

    Bierut describes the meeting between Mikolajczyk, Stalin, and Churchill, discussing how Stalin rejected Mikolajczyk's memorandum on the Polish situation. Bierut, Churchill, and Stalin discuss the rebuilding of Poland: Churchill thinks reforms should be postponed until after the war, Stalin and Bierut disagree. Beirut and Mikolajczyk discuss the Curzon line and the PKWN. In a final meeting, Churchill, Stalin, and Bierut discuss Polands economy and infrastructure.

  • October 23, 1944

    Federal Bureau of Investigation Report on Activities of Mikhail Konstantin Kalatozov

    Report on the conclusion of Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov's trip to the United States and various negotiations with American film companies.

  • November 09, 1944

    Letter No. 402 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King

    The Canadian Ambassador to the Soviet Union, L.D. Wilgress, thoroughly reviews Soviet foreign policy in Europe, Asia, and in Latin America and its relations with the United States and the United Kingdom. Wilgress optimistically concludes that "the Soviet Government are desirous of co-operating fully with the other great powers."

  • November 19, 1944

    Defense Ministry Intelligence Report on the Domestic Political Situation in Bulgaria

    A Defense Ministry intelligence report on the domestic political developments for the month of October 1944. Among the discussed issues are the activities of the anti-communist opposition, the popular perception toward the Soviet occupation and the state of the armed forces.