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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 14, 1955

    Soviet Translaton, 'A Brief Summary of the 19 December 1955 Issue of the Newspaper Mardom Nº 261' (Attachment)

    This is a summary of articles found in the "Mardom" newspaper, which was published illegally in Iran by the underground communist Tudeh (People's) Party of Iran. The issue summarized condemns the Shah as a traitor and as cooperating with the Americans and the British at the cost of the Iranian civilians.

  • January 14, 1955

    Soviet Translation, 'A Brief Summary of the 1 January 1955 Issue of the Newspaper Mardom Nº 261' (Attachment)

    This is a summary of articles found in the "Mardom" newspaper, which was published illegally in Iran by the underground communist Tudeh (People's) Party of Iran. This issue criticized the Shah's cooperation with the Americans and the British, as well as recent agreements regarding financial and border between Iran and the Soviet Union, creating what is said to be the basis of a friendship between the two countries.

  • January 16, 1955

    Cable from Huang Zhen, 'Number of People Attending the Afro-Asian Conference, and Related Matters'

    Huang Zhen informs the foreign ministry that according to the chair of the Department of Law and Economy of the Indonesian Foreign Ministry, Indonesia decides that the member number of each official delegation attending the Asian-African conference will be 10.

  • January 16, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Draft of the Tentative Working Plan for Participating in the Asian-African Conference'

    The note stated that the Asian-African Conference could be a great contribution in establishing international peace. Among the participants, there were Chinese allies, neutral countries, and American allies. China had to isolate American power in the Conference and befriend the neutral countries. The Chinese Foreign Ministry therefore drafted the plan accordingly.

  • January 17, 1955

    Report from V. Molotov and M. Suslov

    A correspondence dated 17 January 1955 between Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov and Mikhail Suslov. The primary topics concern North Korean collectivization of the peasant farms, along with the industrialization process in the immediate aftermath of the Korean War. Also mentioned is the political cohesiveness of the party leadership, which according to the telegram is in doubt.

  • January 17, 1955

    Plan (Draft) for Compilation, Translation and Publication in Cooperation for the Propaganda in the Asian-African Conference

    A list of books and pamphlets to be distributed by China at the Asian-African for the purpose of propaganda. The topics concerned include: Nationality, Religion in China, China in general, Taiwan, and China's Five Principles

  • January 17, 1955

    Summary of the Informal Discussion on Information Material Work during China's Preparation for the Asian-African Conference

    Informal discussion in the Information Department of the Chinese Foreign Ministry on the preparation for propaganda work at the Asian-African Conference. The discussion concerns the dispatch of journalists, the exchange of culture and the distribution of propaganda materials

  • January 17, 1955

    From the Journal of Ambassador Pavel Yudin: Record of Conversation with Mao Zedong on 8 January 1955

    A conversation with Soviet Ambassador to China Pavel Yudin and Mao Zedong concerning then-current Sino Soviet relations. Topics included commitment of Party cadres to the Marxist-Leninist ideal, a meeting in Jakarta between prime ministers of India, Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka (then Ceylon), and Indonesia, and how to counterbalance the United States in Asia and Africa.

  • January 17, 1955

    Memo about the Situation in the DPRK

    A memorandum dated 17 January 1955 about the overall ground situation of North Korea. Topics range from agriculture and industrialization, power output and Kim Il-Sung's Three-Year-Plan to foreign aid from the Communist Bloc, the domestic political situation of North Korea, and inter-Korean relations after the 1950-1953 war. The memorandum concludes with suggestions on Soviet policy in the region.

  • January 19, 1955

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to General Taylor

    Syngman Rhee thanks General Taylor for his note and expresses gratitude for the army medical service made available to him.

  • January 21, 1955

    Cable from Liu Guanyi, 'Report regarding the Situation of the Asian-African Conference'

    Report on Indonesian public opinion about the upcoming Asian-African Conference.

  • January 22, 1955

    Record of Conversation from Premier Zhou's Reception of the Indonesian Ambassador Arnold Mononutu

    The Indonesian ambassador tells Zhou that the Indonesian government has sent out the letter of invitation inviting China to attend the Asia-African Conference. Indonesia hopes that PRC will send delegation to this conference and that the Chinese premier will visit Indonesia. Zhou Enlai expresses that after the Chinese government receives the official letter of invitation, the government will give official reply.

  • January 28, 1955

    Mao Zedong, 'The Chinese People Cannot Be Cowed by the Atom Bomb'

    Mao Zedong spoke to the Finnish Ambassador Carl-Johan Sundstrom on the history of Chinese wars with European powers and states that China and Finland have had friendly relations. He then addressed the possibility of the U.S. waging an atomic war over Taiwan and how Chinese would respond. Finally, Mao foreshadowed the downfall of U.S. and British ruling classes to the end of tsarist Russia and Chiang Kai-shek should the United States enter another world war.

  • January 28, 1955

    Letter to CPSU Central Committee Secretary Khrushchev, Statement of Mir Aga Azari

    This statement by Azari accuses the Democratic Party of Southern Azerbaijan's leaders of abusing their authority and expelling Party members if they criticized the actions of the leadership. He appeals to Khrushchev to do something about the nature of the party and its leaders, as well as to look into his own personal case of expulsion.

  • January 29, 1955

    Report from the First Asia Department Third Section

    The Indonesian ambassador to China handed an invitation letter and memoranda to Zhang Hanfu. This report advances some suggestions about how to reply the letter and the memoranda and how to release the related news.

  • January 30, 1955

    Letter to Khrushchev from Political émigré Iranian Ali Reza Hekmat

    This letter from an Iranian political emigre Ali Reza Hekmat describes the series of events, such as prison and confinement sentences, that have led him to the point of asking Khrushchev for help in finding the work he had been promised upon coming to the USSR. He lists his qualifications and reasoning for his request.

  • January 31, 1955

    Cable from Huang Zhen, 'The Soviet Ambassador Came to Visit and Told Me the Following Issues'

    The Soviet ambassador to Indonesia reported that when delegations discussed before the Bogor Conference whether to invite China to the Asian-African Conference, the Indian ambassador opposed because inviting China would cause the Western countries to consider that Indonesia had aligned with one of the two blocs in the world.

  • January 31, 1955

    Letter from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Second Division Liaison, January 31st 1955, 134/955

    In a letter to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Jianu reports on the conditions of hospitals in North Korea. There are concerns about the medical staff properly attending to the conditions of the hospitals, and "allow matters to spiral out of control." This issue was brought up in a study of the hospitals in Nampo. The ambassador notes communication difficulties with the Ministry of Health, as if they are unwilling to speak about this.

  • January 31, 1955

    The Nature of Our Revolution at the Current Stage and the Primary Tasks of Our Party in the Cause of Socialist Development in North Korea

    A Korean Worker's Party document which discusses the incomplete nature of the revolution in which the peninsula remains divided and South Korea under American influence. The document also points out the responsibilities of the Party to complete socialist development in North Korea during the transitional period.

  • January 31, 1955

    Address by Zhou Enlai at the Plenary Session of the Fourth Meeting of the State Council (Excerpt)

    Zhou Enlai addresses the State Council citing a need for China to "master atomic energy." The Chinese program is far behind in this area, but plans to catch up with the help of Soviet technical assistance.