June 4, 1989
China Division, Asian Affairs Bureau [Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan], 'Use of Force by Chinese Martial Law Forces (Questions and Answers)'
This document was made possible with support from The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
Operations Room Information for Transmission
Subject: Use of Force by Chinese Martial Law Forces (Questions and Answers)
Date and Time of Transmission: June 4 (Sunday) 12:20
Number of Pages for Transmission: 2
Transmitting Section: China Division, Asian Affairs Bureau
Message: Questions and Answers as of the Morning of June 4
Send to (○)
Fax for All Top Officials
Executive Secretary to the Prime Minister
Secretary to the Chief Cabinet Secretary
Secretary to the Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary
Director for the Cabinet Councilors' Office on External Affairs
Secretary to Minister Miyamoto
Administrative Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs
Private Secretary to the Vice-Minister
Deputy Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs Kuriyama
Deputy Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs Kunihiro
Ambassador in Charge of International Economy
Assistant Vice Minister
Director, Management and Coordination Division
Director-General for Press and Public Relations
Director, Press Division
Director-General, Consular and Emigration Affairs Department
Director-General, Asian Affairs Bureau
Director-General, North American Affairs Bureau
Director-General, Latin American and Caribbean Affairs Bureau
Director-General, European and Oceanic Affairs Bureau
Director-General, Middle Eastern and African Affairs Bureau
Director-General, Economic Affairs Bureau
Director-General, Economic Cooperation Bureau
Director-General, Treaties Bureau
Director-General, United Nations Bureau
Deputy Director-General for Science and Technology
Director-General, Information Analysis, Research and Planning Bureau
Director, Information Division
Use of Force by Chinese Martial Law Forces (Questions and Answers)
June 4, 1989
China Division, Asian Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Question 1: What is your perception of the present situation in China?
Answer 1: It is a matter of great concern that in China, under circumstances of prolonged anti-government activities by students and civilians and the imposition of martial law, the military used force early in the morning of June 4 to suppress them, which led to a situation of horrible bloodshed.
[Answer] 2: The background to the government's action of military suppression is not entirely clear and the situation in China is still unsettled, so I think it necessary for the Government of Japan, first, to carefully ascertain the issue's development.
Question 2: Will this affect China's policy of reform and opening?
Answer: I would like to avoid any hasty conclusions concerning what effects this situation will have on the Chinese government's policy of reform and opening but, in any event, it is thought to be undeniable that it has greatly damaged China's international image.
Question 3: Will there be any change in Japan's China policy?
Answer: The situation in China is still unsettled. I think it necessary, first, that the Government of Japan carefully ascertain the situation's development.
Report from the China Division, Asian Affairs Bureau of Japan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs on June 4, 1989 detailing Japan’s response to the use of force by Chinese martial law forces following the Tiananmen Square incident.
The History and Public Policy Program welcomes reuse of Digital Archive materials for research and educational purposes. Some documents may be subject to copyright, which is retained by the rights holders in accordance with US and international copyright laws. When possible, rights holders have been contacted for permission to reproduce their materials.
To enquire about this document's rights status or request permission for commercial use, please contact the History and Public Policy Program at [email protected].