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September 3, 1950

Letter from Zhou Enlai to Gao Gang

This document was made possible with support from Leon Levy Foundation

Comrade Gao Gang:


I have read both your letter and the Chairman’s reply.  Work for strengthening the Frontier Defense Army is being planned and carried out.  


Regarding the question of moving [industrial equipment], in accordance with the Chairman’s [Mao Zedong's] instructions, [we] have instructed Comrade [Li] Fuchun to gather related Northeast comrades who are now in Beijing and discuss a workable plan.  After the Chairman’s review and approval, it will be immediately given to you.


Concerning the detailed questions: 2,000 cars will be allocated to the Northeast, on a priority basis, by the General Logistics Department from the overall requisition form.  The ammunition warehouse will be moved to northern Manchuria.  The General Logistics Department has been instructed to assist with this.  [We are considering the] the extension of the air defense plan, and  jet aircraft have been ordered to add three regiments of 90 planes, but they will only be ready to be used next year.  It is planned that antiaircraft equipment will be added to equip 20 regiments this year for protecting big cities and factory areas.  Searchlights and radar are both included in the requisition form.  The plan for building additional airports in the northeast will be delivered in three to five days.  The numbers four kinds of specialists in the army, air force, air defense and military academies will be increased in the Northeast this year.  Please prepare for this and wire back after the number of people is set.


Special notice, wishing [you] good health.


Zhou Enlai

September 3, 1950


Zhou Enlai instructs on logisitical details related to ammunition, aircraft, warehouse and airport locations, and other equipments.


Document Information


Zhonggong zhongyang wenxian yanjiushi (CPC Central Historical Documents Research Office) and Zhongyang dang'anguan (Central Archives), eds., Jianguo yilai Zhou Enlai wengao (Zhou Enlai’s Manuscripts since the Founding of the PRC), vol. 3 (Beijing: Zhongyang wenxian chubanshe, 2008), 252-253. Translated by Jingxia Yang and Douglas Stiffler.


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Leon Levy Foundation