The Chinese attempt to mobilize the ethnic Koreans living in northeast China to return and serve North Korea in the war.
August 23, 1950
Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang
This document was made possible with support from Leon Levy Foundation
Ambassador Ni [Zhiliang]:
This is to acknowledge receipt of the two telegrams from [August] 22. Concerning the two requests of Premier Kim Il Sung, here is the reply:
(1) We have decided to transfer 50 train locomotives from the railway system to meet North Korea’s urgent needs. [We] only ask the North Korean side to inform [us of] what model of locomotives they need in order [that we may] allocate and transfer [them]. Also, concerning the repair of locomotives, please ask the North Korean side how these are to be sent to the Northeast so that (we can) get ready.
(2) [We] cannot help with air force pilots. Our country has very few of this type of pilot, and moreover, the current international situation does not allow for this.
August 23 
North Korea requests train locomotives and air force pilots from China, to which China agrees to the train locomotives.
The History and Public Policy Program welcomes reuse of Digital Archive materials for research and educational purposes. Some documents may be subject to copyright, which is retained by the rights holders in accordance with US and international copyright laws. When possible, rights holders have been contacted for permission to reproduce their materials.
To enquire about this document's rights status or request permission for commercial use, please contact the History and Public Policy Program at [email protected].