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Digital Archive International History Declassified

October 21, 1954

ON RECENT YUGOSLAV FOREIGN POLICY (SECOND HALF OF 1954)

This document was made possible with support from the Leon Levy Foundation

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    Zimianin writes on Yugoslav foreign policy and Soviet-Yugoslav foreign relations.
    "On Recent Yugoslav Foreign Policy (second half of 1954) ," October 21, 1954, History and Public Policy Program Digital Archive, AVPRF f. 021, op. 8-a, por. 184, pap. 11, ll. 16-21. Translated by David Wolff. https://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/117108
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Yugoslavia's foreign policy measures in the second half (July-October) of this year have been dictated, as far as can be judged by sources, by the government's attempt to strengthen the country's position by improving relations with the countries of the capitalist camp and by normalizing relations with the USSR and other countries of the democratic camp...

The [Fourth European] Sector [of the Foreign Ministry] considers it possible to come preliminarily to the following conclusions and proposals:

The Soviet Union's policy on Yugoslavia has produced serious positive results, has increased the influence of the USSR among the peoples of Yugoslavia, has helped explode the aggressive, anti-Soviet plans of the USA in the Balkans, and made difficult the actions of anti-Soviet elements in Yugoslavia itself.

At the same time it is impossible not to see that the Yugoslav ruling circles have normalized with the USSR within the bounds of their self-interest...

Under the given conditions, it seems appropriate to put forward measures for the further development of Soviet-Yugoslav relations that would force the Yugoslav government to come closer to the USSR and the peoples' democracies.

We make the following proposals.

To poll (zondazh) the Yugoslav government regarding joint action with the USSR against US plans to draw Italy and the Balkan Union into a broadening of anti-Sovietism in the region. To clarify the position of the Yugoslav government on establishing diplomatic relations with the GDR.

If the test [results] of the Yugoslav government on two or three major foreign policy questions are positive, this will be an important condition towards the resurrection of the Treaty on Friendship and Mutual Aid between the USSR and Yugoslavia [of 1945].

21 October 1954

Head of the IV European Sector of the Foreign Ministry Zimianin