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Digital Archive International History Declassified

September 17, 1952

HAND-DELIVERED LETTER, FILIPPOV (STALIN) TO MAO ZEDONG

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    Letter from Stalin to Mao stating the position the USSR will take regarding the Mexican UN proposal, and stating his agreement with Mao regarding the issues of POW repatriation and diplomatic exchanges with India and Burma.
    "Hand-delivered letter, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong," September 17, 1952, History and Public Policy Program Digital Archive, APRF, f. 45, op. 1, d. 343, ll. 97-103; AVP RF, f. 059a, op. 5a, d. 5, p. 11, l. 99; and RGASPI, f. 558, op. 11, d. 343, ll. 0097-0104. https://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/113644
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FOR Comrade MAO ZEDONG

We agree with you that the proposal of the Mexicans is unacceptable, since it reflects the position of the USA in the negotiations in Korea. As is obvious, the USA, not having achieved successes in negotiations in Korea, intends now to receive approval of their position in the UN and to make those same demands in the name of the UN. The Mexicans are the agents of the USA.

If the Mexicans advance their proposal in the UN, the delegation of the USSR will reject this proposal as not corresponding to the interests of cessation of the war in Korea, and will try to attain the following :

“1. Immediate cessation of military operations of the [warring] sides on land, sea and air.

2. Return of all POWs to their homeland according to international norms.

3. Withdrawal from Korea of foreign troops, including also the Chinese volunteer units, in the course of 2-3 months and a peaceful settlement of the Korean question in the spirit of the unification of Korea, carried out by the Koreans themselves under the observation of a commission with the participation of the sides directly interested as well as other states, including states which have not taken part in the war in Korea.”

As concerns the proposal about temporarily withholding 20% of POWs from both sides and returning all remaining POWs, the proposal of the Soviet delegation will not touch on this and it will be left with you in reserve.

On the question of the conclusion of a non-aggression pact with India and Burma we completely share your point of view.

FILIPPOV [Stalin]

17 September 1952

[Stalin's handwritten draft is attached.]

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