Zhou Enlai informs Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi on agreements made with the Soviet side regarding pilots and air defenses at Andong.
July 11, 1950
Telegram from the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee to Gao Gang
This document was made possible with support from Leon Levy Foundation
Comrade Gao Gang, also to be passed on to Comrade Yu Guangsheng and Comrade Liu Yalou:
The Soviet Ambassador Roshchin came in for a talk. Because of the current Korean situation, sea transport from Vladivostok to Lüshun and Dalian is no longer suitable for transporting military supplies. So the Soviet government requested that, besides the opening of the two lines of the Chinese Changchun Railway, i.e. via Manzhouli or the Suifen River to Hae'rbin, and Shenyang to Dalian and Lüshun, we also allow the Soviet side to use air transport from Voroshilov, via our Dongning, Mudan River and Shenyang, directly to Lüda. These two requests are in accord with the spirit of the Sino-Soviet treaty. Our side has agreed. As to the detailed means, after discussion with Roshchin, the following agreement was reached: concerning rail transport, no matter whether (they) enter the country from Manzhouli or the Suifen River via Ha'erbin, Changchun and Shenyang to Lüda, or to Andong and then to Korea, Yu Guangsheng will need to be informed in advance by either the Soviet side’s Vice-Chair of the Chinese Changchun Railway’s Administrative Committee or the Soviet side’s Chinese Changchun Railway Bureau Director so that vehicles can be dispatched in time to avoid holding things up. Our side authorizes Yu Guangsheng to handle this and report to the Railway Department in a timely manner. Concerning the air transport question, the Soviet side has decided to utilize the Shenyang Aviation Institute to augment Soviet personnel, strengthen ground-air communications and report on Soviet planes crossing the border, to avoid any misunderstanding. On our side, the Military Commission has decided to transfer Duan Suquan to (the position) of Northeast Region Air Force Commander, and has instructed Duan Suquan to establish contact immediately with the Soviet advisor at the Shengyang Aviation Institute and to report in a timely manner to the Military Commission Air Force Headquarters.
[Chinese Communist] Party Central Committee
Due to the Korean situation, the Soviet government requests the use of air and railway transport through China, to which the Chinese side agrees.
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