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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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CIA Reports on the Collapse of Communism in Europe

This collection contains Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) analysis on developments in Eastern and Central Europe from 1989-1990. Made up mostly of the CIA's National Intelligence Dailys (NIDs), the documents discuss internal political change within Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, and Yugoslavia, as well as the Soviet Union's changing relations with and strategies towards these states. The documents were released to coincide with the conference "The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe: A 30-Year Legacy," co-organized by the History and Public Policy Program and the Central Intelligence Agency on December 10, 2019. Certain sensitive information has been withheld and is redacted in the documents. Other portions of documents are marked “NR record” or “non-responsive,” meaning that the information is unrelated to the events in Eastern Europe. For more information, see the CIA's Electronic Reading Room. See also the Digital Archive collection, "End of the Cold War."

  • January 02, 1989

    Romania: New Government Seeks to Reassure Wary Public

    An analysis of the National Salvation Front's movement to consolidate power in the transition to multiparty democracy.

  • January 04, 1989

    USSR: Gorbachev Faces Tough Test in Lithuania

    An analysis of Gorbachev's effort to persuade Lithuanian Communists to remain with the National Party.

  • January 07, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Saturday, 7 January 1989

    The CIA's National Intelligence Daily for 7 January 1989 covers developments in Nicaragua, Venezuela, Panama, Libya, Lebanon, Jordan, Taiwan, the Soviet Union, and Armenia. Certain portions of the document are redacted due to b(1) and b(3) exemptions.

  • January 14, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Saturday, 14 January 1989

    The CIA's National Intelligence Daily for 14 January 1989 covers developments in Afghanistan, France, Cuba, Lebanon, Syria, the Soviet Union, and China. Certain portions of the document are redacted due to b(1) and b(3) exemptions.

  • February 23, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: Conviction of Havel Isolates Regime

    An analysis of the conviction of Vaclav Havel, including its political and diplomatic implications.

  • March 07, 1989

    Hungary: Discussing the Possibility of Neutrality

    An analysis of the changing relationship between Budapest and Moscow.

  • March 24, 1989

    Hungary: Workers Granted Right to Strike

    An analysis of new legislation in Hungary and its reflection of the regime's weakness.

  • March 27, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Monday, 27 March 1989

    The CIA's National Intelligence Daily for 27 March 1989 covers developments in Haiti, the Soviet Union, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, Ecuador, Lebanon, and East Germany. Certain portions of the document are redacted due to b(1) and b(3) exemptions.

  • April 06, 1989

    Special Analysis: Poland: Roundtable Accords Signed

    An analysis of Solidarity's legalization and its effects on Polish politics.

  • April 17, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Monday, 17 April 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 17 April 1989 describes the latest developments in China.

  • April 22, 1989

    Hungary: Leadership Proposes Sweeping Reforms

    An analysis of Hungarian Politburo actions that reduce Party control over politics and the economy.

  • April 22, 1989

    Hungary: Reformers Pushing Economic Ties to West

    An analysis of the creation of a Hungarian economic advisory committee that seeks to expand ties with the West.

  • April 24, 1989

    Special Analysis: Eastern Europe: Growth Still Slow

    An economic analysis of Central and Eastern Europe GNP growth since 1987.

  • April 26, 1989

    Hungary: Grosz Increasingly Isolated

    An analysis of the future of the Hungarian political system and its principle actors.

  • April 28, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 28 April 1989

    The CIA's National Intelligence Daily for 28 April 1989 describes the latest developments in Lebanon, Iran, China, Vietnam, the Soviet Union, Paraguay, Nicaragua, Hungary, and New Zealand.

  • May 18, 1989

    Poland: Catholic Church Legalized

    An analysis of the Catholic Church's legalization as an effort to boost the Party's popular support.

  • May 18, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Thursday, 18 May 1989

    The CIA's National Intelligence Daily for 18 May 1989 describes the latest developments in China, the Soviet Union, Ethiopia, Panama, El salvador, Venezuela, West Germany, Bolivia, Poland, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Philippines.

  • June 03, 1989

    Poland: Solidarity Outcampaigns Party

    An analysis of what political actions Solidarity must take to assert its role in the new government.

  • June 03, 1989

    Special Analysis: Poland: Election Implications

    An analysis of the Polish political climate leading into elections.

  • June 26, 1989

    East Germany: Seeking Fresh Policy Options

    An analysis of East German dissatisfaction with economic growth and the Politburo's decision to task Berlin's Humboldt University with policy development.