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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • September, 1958

    'How to Run a Small Scale Brewery'

    Published by the Ministry of Light Industry, Zhu Mei's 'How to Run a Small Scale Brewery' (September 1958) introduced beer and beer making to Chinese audiences. Zhu's pamphlet also calls for the construction of hundreds of small scale breweries across China.

  • April 28, 1961

    Memorandum by General Staff of Defense (SMD) for Minister of Defense Andreotti, 'Chief of staff's visit to the US'

    Report of the head of the Italian defense department’s recent trip to the United States. Of importance was the discussion of NATO’s long-term plan (ten to fifteen years), the strategic defense of the Balkans, the maintenance of the United States’ NATO forces in Europe, and the need to push development of conventional weapons to avoid having to employ nuclear weapons.

  • December 04, 1962

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Alessandrini to Minister of Defense Andreotti

    Italy's permanent representative to NATO Alessandrini writes to PM Andreotti in preparation for the upcoming Paris summit. He shares general remarks about the state of the alliance and current issues in international relations focusing on the German question, Cuba, and Sino-Soviet relations.

  • April 26, 1965

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO to Minister of Defense, 'Nuclear Problems'

    The document is part of a broad series of "Informative Reports" drafted by RICA and sent by Alessandrini to Andreotti (Minister of Defense), concerning the forthcoming meeting in London of the Atlantic Council at a ministerial level. With regards to nuclear problems, the document hopes for a gradual way out from NATO's current paralysis, through a process of integration, rather then the attempt to solve also these problems by mere coordination among the Allies.

  • February 20, 1966

    Report by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Nuclear Planning Working Group of the "Special Committee" (Washington, 17th-18th February, 1966), with a letter from Andrea Cagiati'

    Cagiati sends Andreotti a report about the meeting in Washington, which concluded Giulio Andreotti's period as Minister of Defense. Cagiati thanks Andreotti for his work, that made sure that "in this period the relationship between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Defense has been strong and efficient like never before". The report describes the meeting (the first meeting of this working group) and the viewpoints of the participants, with special attention payed to the US nuclear policy. The document describes also the fields which require further investigations by the Working Group. There are Cagiati's personal reflections too.

  • January 27, 1979

    Letter by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Forlani to the Minister of Defense Ruffini, and Ruffini's reply with attachment General Staff of Defense (SMD) note

    Correspondence between the Foreign Minister Forlani and Minister of Defense Ruffini regarding modernization of NATO's nuclear capabilities, including technical and military aspects, and political implications.

  • August 05, 1979

    Annex B/4: List of Participants in the Meetings in Peking, Nanjing, and Shanghai

    A list of the CCP leaders that the Italian Communist Party delegation met with.

  • August 05, 1979

    Annex B/1: On the Domestic Situation (Information Note by Wu Xueqian, Deputy Minister of the International Liaison Department)

    The Chinese delegation introduces the internal situation in China and emphasizes the effort of the CCP for unity and stability after the arrest of the Gang of Four. The main contradiction, as Mao said, is no more the class struggle but the eradication of the obstacles that impede the implementation of the Four Modernizations.

  • September 26, 1979

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note Reserved for Comrade Berlinguer'

    In this note to Enrico Berlinguer dated September 26, 1979, Antonio Rubbi delivers a report on his meeting on September 25, 1979, with the Chinese chargé d’affaires and cultural attaché. The topics discussed included the visit of two Italian journalists to China, the invitation to the FGCI to visit China and the upcoming 30th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China.

  • April 11, 1980

    The People's Republic of China from the Third Plenary Session (18-22 December 1978) to the Fourth Plenary Session (25-28 September 1979) of the Central Committee (XI) of the CCP

    This document drafted by the Ambassador Francisci in Beijing on April 11th was received by the PCI on April 14, 1980. It is an account of the 3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CCP (December 18-22, 1978), the 2nd Plenary Session of the 5th People’s National Assembly (June 18-July 1, 1979) and of the National Assembly of the 5th People’s National Assembly (June 15-July 2, 1979) and 4th Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CCP (September 25-28, 1979). In the conclusion the Ambassador Francisci drafts an interesting analysis of the anti-Dengist and pro-Dengist social groups within China.

  • April 22, 1980

    Annex 4/C: Last of Meeting of 22 April at 4:30pm: Hu Yaobang's Questions and Berlinguer's Answers

    Hu Yaobang asks about PCI relations with USA; PCI relations with French Socialists; and Hu's proposal to use the PCI to send Mitterrand a message and an invitation to China.

  • April 22, 1980

    Annex 4/B: Meeting of 22 April 1980: Hu Yaobang's Answers to the Questions of Pajetta

    Hu Yaobang answers to Pajetta's questions on: Lin Biao and the Gang of Four; their influence on foreign policy in 1966-1967 and in 1974; the recognition of Pinochet government in Chile

  • July 12, 1981

    Report 1: Delegation of the Chinese Communist Party, 3-12 July 1981: First Meeting of the Two Delegations, Friday 3 July at 16.00

    Feng Chen exposes the outcome of the 6th Plenum of CC of the CCP elected at the 11th Congress concerning the approval of the document on the history of the CCP.

  • October 15, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Statement by Ambassador Nitze to the Atlantic Council about recent developments of the Geneva negotiation'

    Nitze's brief commentary on the developments in the recent negotiations with the USSR regarding arms reductions.

  • September 16, 1993

    Memorandum from William H. Itoh for Leon Fuerth et al, 'Notification of Principals Committee Meeting on PRD-13, Peacekeeping'

    A draft version of PDD-25, the Clinton Administration's policy on multilateral peace operations.

  • March 04, 2008

    Jaroslaw Bratkiewicz, Polish Foreign Minsitry, 'Main arguments regarding the policy of the Republic of Poland towards Russia and Ukraine'

    A 2008 Polish Foreign Ministry paper advocating closer relations with Russia and Ukraine.

  • July 25, 2019

    Memorandum of Telephone Conversation between President Trump and President Zelenskyy

    Trump and Zelenskyy discuss sources of alleged corruption in Ukraine that Trump wants investigated, including 2020 presidential candidate Joe Biden.