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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • 1948

    Soviet Telegram, Regarding Operation Plan from the Chief of Staff of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, Zhu De

    Telegram noting that a certain plan by General Zhu De for October has been received. Estimates the military support that it will require. Brian Murray questions the validity of the document in CWIHP Working Paper No. 12, where the document is published.

  • May 22, 1948

    Soviet Military Order from Foreign Operations Section Chief to Commander of East-Asian Operational Section Managarov

    Soviet military message ordering its recipient to ascertain the needs of the People's Liberation Army, so that the Soviet Union can meet them. The message also contains affirmations of Soviet support for the Communist forces in China, and promises of massive aid in the future.

  • July 06, 1948

    Soviet Military Order from Operations Chief, Section Chief Lieutenant General Filyashev/Filyashkii to Commander of East-Asian Operational Section General Lieutenant Managarov

    Soviet military order informing the Chief of East-Asian Operational Section General Lieutenant Managarov of the arrival of a Lieutenant General Fedenko, who will take over operational command. It orders Managarov to continue to attend to supply line matters, and attend to the needs of the People's Liberation Army eagerly.

  • November 07, 1949

    Memorandum of Conversation of Soviet Ambassador Roshchin with Deputy Chairman Zhu De on 24 October 1949

    Conversation between Soviet Ambassador Roshchin and Commander of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Zhu De. Zhu De notes that PLA progress through Southern China is meeting little resistance, although it is slowed by the lack of available gasoline. De puts forth his opinion that Chinese success in Xinjiang will depend on mechanized agricultural aid from the Soviets.

  • May 03, 1950

    Telegram, from Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong

    A message to Mao stating that Mao's requests for aviation equipment, naval equipment and consultants were received and that these requests will be met as soon as possible.

  • August 27, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai

    Telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai answering his request for military advisors.

  • October, 1950

    Soviet Council of Ministers Resolution on Sending Soviet Troops to China

    Soviet Council of Ministers Resolution listing Soviet forces to be sent to China to train and support Chinese troops.

  • December 25, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram from Vyshinsky to Roshchin, Transmitting a Message from Filippov [Stalin] to either Mao Zedong or Zhou Enlai

    Passes on the message that the proposed procedure and terms of training of Chinese pilots in jet aircraft are satisfactory.

  • January 05, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram from Mao Zedong to Filippov [Stalin] Relaying a Letter from Peng Dehuai

    Peng Dehuai informs Stalin of what was happening on the front lines, and the status of the their armies and the opposing ones.

  • January 19, 1951

    Telegram from Vasilevsky and Menshikov to Stalin

    A response to Mao's questions about the third article of the draft agreement on military credit, the date of the requested deliveries in February and May, and requests to expedite delivery of the remaining 12,000 cars.

  • February 16, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai via Zakharov

    Telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai informing the latter that he would satisfy Chinese requests for advisors for their air force.

  • March 03, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram from Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong via Zakharov

    Agreement to relocate two fighter divisions - division 151 and 324 - under the command of General Belov to cover the rear of the Sino-Korean forces, if they are able to leave two Chinese air divisions in Andun to protect the power and communications in the area.

  • March 15, 1951

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao Zedong or Zhou Enlai, via Zakharov

    Stalin proposes sending more Soviet fighter planes to aid Chinese and Korean troops.

  • June 13, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong re meeting in Moscow with Gao Gang and Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao summarizing his discussions with Kim Il Sung and Gao Gang on the issues of military advisors, air force training and assistance, and the implications of a potential armistice.

  • June 23, 1951

    Telegram from Sokolovsky and Shtemenko to Stalin

    On the meeting between Shtemenko and Xu Xiang-Qian. Xu Xiang-Qian reiterated Mao's request that the Soviets supply 60 divisions with weapons, and that Mao agrees with the proposed organizational plan of the infantry divisions.

  • September 10, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao agreeing to send the military advisors requested by Mao. He also asks whether General Zakharov would be suitable as the main military adviser for the staff.

  • September 12, 1951

    Telegram from Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong via Krasovsky

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao agreeing to send the military advisors requested by Mao, and that five advisors should be satisfactory.

  • September 26, 1951

    Telegram from Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong via Krasovsky

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao stating that because of the conditions of production and transportation, it is almost impossible to ensure additional supplies (in the amount of the proposed one-fifth of the value of all applications from the September 8 telegram), and at the same time supply six infantry divisions with arms and equipment by the end of the year. Stalin states that they can take Mao's additional order on the delivery of military equipment in 1951, equal to one-fifth of the total cost of China's application, only on the condition that the supply of weapons and equipment for the six divisions are postponed for six months.

  • October 07, 1951

    Telegram from Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong via Krasovsky

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao discussing the five advisors being sent to Beijing, and the military equipment being sent by the end of 1951 for the remaining six divisions -- the delivery of which is being delayed six months.

  • November 13, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram from Matveev to Razuvaev, Transmitting a Telegram from Filippov [Stalin] to Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung about the decision to arm 60 Chinese divisions, out of which enough arms are supposed to be given to three Korean divisions - as agreed on by Gao Gang.