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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 06, 1944

    List of Names of American Aviators Captured on Romanian Territory on the 6th Day of June, 1944

    The document lists the names, ranks, ages, serial numbers and cities of origin for 25 American aviators capture in Romania on June 6, 1944.

  • February 09, 1951

    Letter, General John B. Coulter to President Syngman Rhee

    General writes to President Rhee on the subject of prisoners of war. He states that he has written to EUSAK and is awaiting new instructions to arrive.

  • November 14, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin)

    Mao writes to Stalin of the ongoing armistice negotiations concerning Korea, specifically the proposed demarcation line (38th parallel). Mao also writes about monitoring, the exchange of prisoners of war, and economic considerations within China.

  • November 19, 1951

    VKP(b) CC Politburo decision with approved message Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong

    Reply to Mao's inquiry of 14 November regarding stances to adopt in armistice negotiations.

  • January 31, 1952

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to Stalin

    Mao asks Stalin advice and instructions concerning issues raised during negotiations, particularly the establishment of a monitoring organ comprised of officials from neutral countries.

  • 1953

    Rules of Procedures Governing Explanations and Interviews by Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission

    In 1953 the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission was created in order to deal with the repatriation of thousands of prisoners of war. For those POWs who wished to not to repatriate, a series of explanations and interviews were held in order to allow them to choose their side in a neutral setting. This is a list of the general provisions of the commission which clarifies and explains who, how, and where these interviews would be held.

  • March 14, 1953

    Ciphered Telegram from Razuvaev to Kim Il Sung and Peng Dehuai

    Telegram from Razuvaev discussing POWs and what precedents established at the Geneva Conference must be met. Razuvaev also asks whether their side is ready for immediate repatriation of seriously ill and seriously wounded prisoners of UN troops.

  • May 04, 1953

    Letter, General Duk Shin Choi to General William K. Harrison, Jr. on Civilian Internees

    From April 20 to May 3 1953, Operation Little Switch allowed the exchange of the sick and wounded prisoners of wars between the United Nations, North Korea, and China. In this letter, Major General Choi informs General Harrison that the communist have failed to return hundreds of U.N. POWs because of their broad interpretation of the agreement. General Choi provides a series of steps to improve this agreement but most importantly he urges that the terms “civilian internees” and “displaced person” should be clarified in the Draft Armistice Agreement.

  • May 23, 1953

    Letter by United Nations Commander Mark W. Clark to the Joint Chiefs of Staff on Solving the Prisoner of War Issue

    General Clark relays to the US Joint Chiefs of Staff the terms of the United Nations proposal to repatriate prisoners of war captured during the conflict in Korea. The agreement grants prisoners the right to refuse to be repatriated.

  • June 25, 1953

    Report No. 3 of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of Poland in the Democratic Republic of Korea for the period of 1 May 1953 to 25 June 1953

    The Polish Embassy addresses the ROK and Syngman Rhee's position on the truce talks as well as the arrival of the Polish medical team in North Korea.

  • August 14, 1953

    Memorandum, President Syngman Rhee to All Diplomatic Officials

    Following the ratification of the Armistice Agreement and the Mutual Defense Treaty, President Rhee conveys that he expects the Armistice to fail because the communists will “undoubtedly” violate it and undermine Korean independence. Rhee wants to renew war to secure victory but most importantly to strengthen the ROK-U.S alliance. Following the memorandum he makes twelve points ranging from topic like Korean rehabilitation to prisoners of war from the Korean War.

  • 1954

    The POW Scandal in Korea

    According to A.B Carey, one of the lessons learned from fighting the Kremlin and its “communism” ideology is evidently seen amongst the Korean and Chinese prisoners of war. Both groups of POW not only disapprove of the communism but would also actively fight against it if they had the opportunity. Carey uses ten ideas which denounce the Kremlin as the one responsible for the lies and bellicosities during the Cold War. He also proceeds to demonstrate ways the free world can defeat this communist caucus.

  • 1954

    Freedom to Non-Repatriated Prisoners of War

    This note warns that the communists will try to convince the world that these “freed” prisoners are not really freed and during this processing and resettlement period the world will be watching the Republic of Korea and the Republic of China's actions.

  • 1959

    Schedule with the Delegates to the 21st Party Congress

    A schedule for discussion points pertaining to international affairs. North Korea requests for more weapons faster, economic assistance, and the negotiation of the release of Korean prisoners in Japan.

  • 1999

    Information regarding advisers, specialists, interpreters, and extended servicemen who died or were wounded in the period from 1980 to 1987

    Informational graphs of the number of advisers, specialists, interpreters, and extended servicemen who died or were wounded during 1980-1987.