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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 13, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Zakharov to Filippov (Stalin)

    Telegram to Stalin informing him that his telegram of 11 January to Mao was received 12 January by Zhou Enlai.

  • January 13, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Roshchin to USSR Foreign Ministry

    Message to Stalin from Roshchin informing him of the Chinese receipt of one of his earlier telegrams and informing him of an invitation to Beijing to Kim Il Sung and Peng Dehuai from Mao.

  • March 03, 1954

    Instructions from the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party

    The Central Committee provides instructions on transmitting and discussing Zhou Enlai's speech on the Gao Gang issue.

  • June 22, 1954

    Cable from Zhou Enlai, 'Premier’s Intentions and Plans to Visit India'

    Zhou Enlai informed the Chinese government that his purposes of visiting India were to prepare the signing of an Asian peace and to build peace in the Indochina area. He also stated his plans regarding the negotiations of several treaties. The Chinese government agreed with his plans.

  • June 27, 1954

    Telegram, PRC Foreign Ministry to Li Kenong

    Zhou Enlai send a telegram informing the Chinese leadership that he will stay one day longer in Burma.

  • June 29, 1954

    Telegram, PRC Foreign Ministry to Zhou Enlai

    Zhou is informed that the top secret documents are on its way to him.

  • October 22, 1954

    Key Points of the Conversation between Song Qingling and Nehru

    Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Song Qingling, former Chinese nationalist and second wife of Sun Yat-Sen, discuss Taiwan, Australia's position on China's entrance to the United Nations, and the impact of governmental censorship on Chinese foreign policy.

  • March 15, 1955

    Cable from Yao Zhongming, 'On the Premier Passing through Burma while Participating in the Asian-African Conference'

    The Chinese ambassador to Burma reported to the Chinese Foreign Ministry about the estimated itinerary and security conditions in Burma for Zhou Enlai’s visit.

  • March 29, 1955

    Report from Zhang Hanfu to Zhou Enlai

    A note to Zhou Enlai covering the following issues: draft agreement between China and Indonesia regarding dual nationality; the issues of Chinese students kept in the US by US government and the Americans kept by the Chinese government; Zhou’s itinerary to Rangoon.

  • April 12, 1955

    Journal Entry of Ambassador Zhukov: Visit of Huang Zhen

    This journal entry from Zhukov describes a visit from Huang Zhen, the PRC Ambassador to Indonesia, on April 6, 1955. The two discuss the composition of the Chinese delegation to the upcoming Africa-Asian Conference. The Chinese delegation will include a Muslim member, which Zhukov cites as being of "great significance." Zhukov asks about what steps the Indonesian government is taking to ensure security for conference participants, particularly since Zhou Enlai will be attending. Later, Zhen tells Zhukov about some villas that the Chinese embassy has rented in a mountainous location that possess amenities not easily found in Jakarta.

  • August 09, 1956

    Note to the British Representative to China regarding the "Kashmir Princess" Aircraft Incident

    Zhou Enlai expressed the dissatisfaction about the release of the detainees by the government of Hong Kong. He emphasized that before the case was resolved, the government of Hong Kong had the responsibility to investigate the incident and to report to the Chinese government.

  • June 24, 1957

    Minutes of the Meeting of the CPSU CC Plenum on the State of Soviet Foreign Policy

    The Soviet leadership discusses the state of Soviet foreign policy after the Hungarian crisis and Khrushchev’s visit to the US. Molotov criticizes Khrushchev for recklessness in foreign policy direction. Soviet inroads in the Middle East and the Third World are analyzed. The effects of the crises in Eastern Europe are placed in the context of the struggle against US imperialism.

  • September 12, 1959

    Record of Conversation between Comrade Liao Chengzhi and Ishibashi Tanzan

    During a conversation with Ishibashi Tanzan, Liao Chengzhi claims that the Japanese Prime Minister "did many things that hurt the feelings of the Chinese people," perhaps the first use of this now famous phrase in Chinese foreign policy discourse.

  • October 21, 1959

    Record of Conversation between Comrade Liao Chengzhi and Matsumura Kenzo

    After the joint declaration, Matsumura Kenzo questioned Liao Chengzhi about "the inseparability of politics and the economy."

  • September 05, 1962

    Pakistani Ambassador Raza Pays Formal Visit to Chinese Premier Zhou

    Zhou Enlai and Pakistani Ambassador Raza discuss Chinese and Pakistani relations with India, especially Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's positions on Kashmir, Sino-Indian border disputes, and Sino-Indian interactions on Taiwan and Tibet.

  • August 12, 1965

    Chinese Foreign Ministry Circular, "Malraux’s visit to China"

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry reports on a visit by the French Minister of State Andre Malraux to China. Malraux came in part to act as a peace broker for the United States and proposed a plan to Zhou Enlai to divide Vietnam. Zhou rejected the proposal.

  • August 20, 1965

    Zhou Enlai’s talk with E. H. K. Mudenda, Agricultural Minister of Zambia

    Zhou Enlai explains Chinese opposition to peace talks with the United States to end the Vietnam War.

  • October 06, 1969

    Notes from a Conversation between Comrade Rakhmanin and Comrade Bruno Mahlow on Chinese Leadership and the Situation in China

    Rakhmanin discusses the topics addressed by Zhou Enlai and Comrade Kosygin in a recent meeting. He highlights such topics of conversation as Chinese/Soviet border lines, propaganda issues, Chinese domestic disturbances and foreign policies issues.

  • October 13, 1969

    Aide-Memoire: Meeting with Hamdi O. Mouknass

    Hamdi Ould Mouknass praises Zhou Enlai as "a great statesman" and suggests that the People's Republic of China ought to gain entry into the United Nations.

  • January 22, 1972

    Secret Telegram from Moscow to Warsaw, No. 848

    This document from the Soviets to Polish Comrades issues a warning about Zhou Enlai's anti-Sovietism and his advance in the Chinese government. It also addresses border issues between China and the Soviet Union.