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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 18, 1922

    Appointment of John W. Staggers as General Counsel by Syngman Rhee

    A copy of appointment of John W. Staggers as General Counsel by President Syngman Rhee in 1922

  • February, 1942

    Letter to Stalin from the Commanders and Soldiers of the Korean Army in China

    Korean commanders express high hopes that Stalin's Red Army will defeat fascist forces all around the world.

  • September 06, 1942

    Letter to Stalin from Lee Chang-chen, Commander-in-Chief of the Korean Army in China

    Lee Chang-chen asks Stalin to strengthen the Red Army fighting against the Japanese in the Far East in order to bring about the liberation of Korea faster.

  • May 10, 1943

    Letter to Stalin from Korean Political Parties and Other Organizations which are Based in China

    The author celebrates Stalin’s victories against fascist forces and asks Stalin to aid Korea and to recognize the Korean Provisional government.

  • 1945

    Soviet Report on Japanese Population in Korea and the Korean Population in Manchuria

    A Soviet report on the situation of Japanese in Korea and on the status of Koreans in Manchuria, or Northeast China, after liberation.

  • 1945

    Soviet Report on Communists in Korea, 1945

    Soviet officers provide a sketch of the existing communist movement in northern and southern Korea in 1945 and suggest that Kim Il Sung should be a leading candidate to head the Korean government.

  • July 02, 1945

    Record of a Meeting between T.V. Soong and Stalin

    Notes taken during meetings between the Chinese nationalist government and the Soviet Union in Moscow during Sino-Soviet treaty negotiations.

  • December 10, 1945

    Malik, 'On the Question of a United Government in Korea'

    This document discusses the creation of an independent Korea. Roosevelt, Churchill, and Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek) first presented the idea at the Cairo Conference in 1943. The United States supports the creation of a single Korean state while the USSR opposes it. The document discusses the importance of the answer to the unification question for the Soviet Union's political and economic future as well as its interest in the Far East.

  • January 10, 1946

    The Japanese Population in Korea and the Korean Population in Manchuria

    A Soviet report on the situation of Japanese in Korea and on the status of Koreans in Manchuria, or Northeast China, after liberation.

  • January 11, 1946

    Untitled memorandum on the political and morale situation of Soviet troops in North Korea and the economic situation in Korea

    A Soviet report on the first several months of the occupation of North Korea.

  • July 05, 1947

    What Every Political Party and Social Organization Must Demand on the Establishment of a Democratic Interim Government of Korea

    A reprinting of Kim Il Sung's June 14, 1947, speech to the Democratic National United Front on the establishment of a democratic interim government. An appendix to the publication contains Kim Il Sung's June 23, 1947, speech, "To the Korean Youth Before the Establishment of the Democratic Interim Government."

  • October 10, 1948

    Soviet Political, Economic, and Cultural Aid to the DPRK People for the DPRK's Democratic Construction

    The Ministry of Culture and Propaganda publishes a pamphlet on the Soviet Union's tremendous assistance to the DPRK and contrasts the Soviet Union with the behavior of the US and Japan.

  • December 25, 1948

    The Operation of the People’s Economy and the System of Planning

    Published by the State Planning Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in 1948, this pamphlet describes the economy of Korea during the colonial period and lays out the policy changes made since liberation.

  • April 20, 1949

    The Korean Issue at the Third General Assembly of the United Nations

    Published by the Society for the Study of International Problems in 1949, this book contains a compilation of letters and news from 1948 that cover North Korea's position toward the Korean issue at the United Nations.

  • August 06, 1953

    Summary Memorandum, US-ROK Mutual Defense Treaty (August 6)

    In 1953, Secretary Dulles met President Rhee to discuss the US-ROK mutual defense treaty. This summary memorandum notes twelve of Rhee’s requests and/or points he will like this treaty to incorporate. These include the number of ROKA divisions, which economic model the US should use to help Korea’s economy, and the request for moral and material support for the ROK to resume war with the north. This summary also notes whether the US granted, wanted to further discuss, or rejected each point.

  • 1954

    The Political, Economic and Social-Cultural Situation of the Democratic Popular Republic Of Korea, 1954

    A report on the DPRK's economic and socio-cultural situation, including political parties and mass organizations in North Korea.

  • August 07, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 7 August 1957

    Puzanov and a KWP CC official discuss aid to Vietnam, the DPRK's efforts to overfulfill the targets of the economic plan, North Korea's nonferrous metal industry, and the DPRK's enhanced technical capabilities.

  • August 28, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 28-30 August 1957

    The PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang invited a Soviet delegation to the Chinese People's Volunteers headquarters where they honor deceased Chinese People's Volunteers and Mao Zedong's son. On the second day, they visit the DPRK's largest gold mine. Puzanov gives a detailed account of the mine's production capability and the training and services provided for mine workers.

  • November, 1957

    Friendship and Solidarity Among Socialist Countries

    Kim Il Sung's article, originally published in Mezhdunarodnaya Zhizn, thanks the Soviet Union and China for assisting North Korea while deriding American foreign policy.

  • February 07, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 7 February 1960

    Puzanov offers his opinion on Kim Chang-bong's claim that, without the Americans in South Korean, their motherland would be united in peace unjustifiable. Go Hui-man asserts that logging in Khabarovsk Kray is a profitable and economically sensible measure for the DPRK.