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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 26, 1954

    Letter by S. P. Korolev with Enclosed Report by Tikhonravov, 'On the Possibility of the Development of an Artificial Earth Satellite'

    Report on simple satellite proposed by Tikhonravov, addressed to Council of Ministers

  • May 26, 1954

    M. K. Tikhonravov, 'Memorandum on an Artificial Earth Satellite'

    On the possibility of launching the “simplest satellite” along with future considerations of launching humans into space

  • August 05, 1955

    Note of M. V. Khrunichev, V. M. Riabikov, and S. P. Korolev to N. S. Khrushchev and N. A. Bulganin On Work to Create an Artificial Earth Satellite

    Requesting permission to launch a satellite during the International Geophysical Year

  • August 08, 1955

    CPSU Central Committee Presidium Decree, 'On the Creation of an Artificial Satellite of the Earth'

    Presidium (Politburo) decree approving the launch of a satellite during the International Geophysical Year

  • January 30, 1956

    USSR Council of Ministers Decree, 'On the Creation of ‘Object D'

    Council of Ministers decree officially approving the launch of a satellite during the International Geophysical Year

  • January 05, 1957

    Proposal On the First Launches of Artificial Earth Satellites Before the Start of the International Geophysical Year

    Suggesting launch of a smaller and simpler satellite before the beginning of the International Geophysical Year

  • February 15, 1957

    CPSU Central Committee Presidium Decree, 'On Measures Connected with Carrying out the International Geophysical Year'

    Presidium (Politburo) decree approving request to launch a simpler satellite at the beginning of the International Geophysical Yea

  • September 24, 1957

    Note of V. M. Riabikov, K. N. Rudnev, and Others to the CPSU Central Committee About the Work to Launch Artificial Earth Satellites

    On preparations to launch first Soviet satellite

  • September 26, 1957

    Decree of the CPSU Central Committee Presidium, 'On the Launch of an Artificial Satellite of the Earth'

    Presidium (Politburo) decree approving launch of satellite

  • September 26, 1957

    Council of Ministers Decree, 'On the Launch of an Artificial Satellite of the Earth'

    Approving the launch of the first Soviet satellite.

  • October 05, 1957

    Pravda Newspaper Article, 'Announcement of the First Satellite'

    Announcement of the launch of the first artificial "sputnik" satellite by the Soviet Union.

  • October 11, 1957

    From the Journal of P. F. Yudin, Record of a Conversation with Mao Zedong on 11 October 1957'

    Soviet Ambassador Yudin visited the Indian exhibition in Peking with Chairman Mao and Liu Shaoqi. Chairman Mao congratulated the Soviet Union on its latest achievements in missile and satellite developments and stated that the balance of power now shifted towards communist states.

  • November 18, 1957

    Excerpt from the Unedited Translation of Mao Zedong’s Speech at the Moscow Conference of Communist and Workers’ Parties

  • December 15, 1957

    Announcement from the Chinese Government Supporting the Soviet Union's Suggestion for Peace

    The Chinese Government endorses a proposal by the Soviet Union for the USSR, the US, and the UK to halt nuclear weapons tests.