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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • November 12, 1983

    Memorandum on INF and START negotiations

    This memo to Prime Minister Bettino Craxi argues against the merging of the INF and START negotiations proposed by the Finnish government and backed by Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau. The memo suggests that the proposal could jeopardize the Geneva talks and harm European interests.

  • November 16, 1983

    Antonio Badini, Outline of General Considerations

    A memo to Italian Prime Minister Bettino Craxi from his Diplomatic Counselor Antonio Badini. Badini warns against the latest Soviet proposals. He suggests that agreeing to them without making any concessions regarding the deployment of American missiles would be tantamount to the realization of a long term goal of the Soviet Union, i.e. the decoupling between the Western European and the American defense system. […] He writes that the Soviet proposals “can be taken as a possible basis for an agreement is surprising. We can only hope that this fact does not imply that, from a political and psychological standpoint, the process of Finlandization of Europe is far more advanced than we believed thus far.”

  • December 05, 1983

    Telegram by Ambassador Rinaldo Petrignani, 'Prospects of resuming the FNI negotiations'

    Italian Ambassador to Washington, Rinaldo Petrignani, volunteers his views on the interruption of the INF negotiations, and their possible relaunch. He states that Italy's firm and coherent position vis-à-vis the missile debate has improved its standing internationally, and highlights the crucial importance of maintaining strong transatlantic relations.

  • December 08, 1983

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Notes for the discussion: East-West relations'

    This report is part of a wide documentation prepared by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the meeting of the Atlantic Council in Brussels in December 1983. A central theme is the installation of the INF in Western Europe and the consequent interruption of the INF treaty negotiations in Geneva by the USSR.

  • December 08, 1983

    Note by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Ministerial session of the Atlantic Council - State of the Alliance'

    These notes from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs analyze the current state of the alliance. The document offers an overview of recent positive and negative developments , focusing on the issue of restarting the INF negotiations.

  • 1984

    Memorandum on East-West Dialogue

    This memo expresses the regrets of the Italian government for the failure of the INF negotiations. According to the memo, Italy “committed itself to the normalization of the East – West dialogue” and proposed resuming Mutual and Balanced Force Reduction talks.

  • March 01, 1984

    Telegram by the Ambassador to the United States Petrignani to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Prospects of resuming the FNI negotiations'

    Ambassador Petrignani reports his conversation with Vice Secretary of State Burt following Kissinger's interview in Time where he talks about NATO's crisis and need for burden sharing reform. Burt distances the current administration from Kissinger's views, stating instead that euro-american relations are "in good health", and there is no need for drastic measures.

  • April 03, 1984

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note Reserved for Comrades: Berlinguer, Pajetta, and Bufalini'

    Introduced by a cover letter by Antonio Rubbi dated April 9, 1984, this document is a letter from Siegmund Ginzberg updating the PCI on the situation in China. He speaks of the preparations for Reagan’s visit to China, contacts with the Vatican, internal policy issues and finally the case of Tiziano Terzani, an Italian Journalist. As for this latter issue, he expresses his incredulity on the reasons for his expulsion from the country.

  • April 04, 1984

    Constraints on the foreign policy of the Netherlands

    A memo to Italian Prime Minister Bettino Craxi from his foreign policy advisor Antonio Badini about the domestic constraints on Dutch foreign policy.

  • May 23, 1984

    Report by Ambassador Petrignani to Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    Ambassador Petrignani analyses US economic and foreign policy in light of the upcoming presidential election . He predicts a narrow victory for Reagan, and discusses its potential implications on future foreign policy.

  • May 26, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'UEO - Updated positions of the Seven about the relaunch of the Organization - Preparatory works of the Ministerial Council in June'

    Following the presentation of a memorandum on the revival of WEU (31 January 1984), there appears to be substantial agreement on deepening European cooperation in the field of security. The document describes national positions of member countries.

  • May 29, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Situation of the Atlantic Alliance'

    Part of Foreign Ministry's documentation about the Ministerial Session at the NATO council meeting in Washington, May 1984. It dicusses strategic parity, current state of alliance, and its cohesion vis-à-vis Warsaw Pact.

  • May 29, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Problems related to security and disarmament'

    This document describes the problems related to security and disarmament in East-West relations. The Soviet intransigence combined with lack of consensus among the NATO states makes reopening nuclear disarmament negotiations difficult.

  • June 03, 1984

    Telegram by Ministry of Foreign Affairs to various Embassies of Warsaw Pact countries, 'Ministerial session of the Atlantic Council'

    This telegram from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the embassies in Warsaw Pact countries dicusses the outcomes of the Atlantic Council meeting in Washington, May 1984. It offers an overview of the current state of the alliance and prospects for East-West relations.

  • June 12, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Visit of NATO's Secretary General Lord Carrington (12th June, 1984)'

    A short summary from the ministerial session of the Atlantic Council in Washington. The focus of the discussion is on the role of NATO in East-West relations, CSCE, and the problem of INFs.

  • July 24, 1984

    Telegram by Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Permanent Representative to NATO, 'Survey about the non-military cooperation among allies in the light of Article Two'

    Proposal drafted by the Italian Foreign Ministry for a new Declaration of Atlantic Relations focused on the non-military aspects of the Alliance. It suggests elaborating Article 2 to improve inter-ally cooperation in non-military sectors.

  • September 15, 1984

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note for Comrades: Natta, Pajetta, Bufalini, Gianotti, and the Secretariat'

    A cover letter from Antonio dated September 15, 1984 for two notes: one from Siegmund Ginzberg and the other from Marco Bosio.

  • November 15, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'European cooperation in the field of armaments'

    This analysis focuses on the state of European security cooperation, discussing both common defense and coordination of military production. It criticizes the lack of unity, complexity of the current configuration, and its negative impact on transatlantic relations.

  • December 13, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Ministerial session of the Atlantic Council (Bruxelles, 13th-14th December, 1984). Security problems'

    Overview of the key security issues facing the Alliance in preparation for the December 1984 meeting in Brussels. The document discusses the state of Alliance, conventional and nuclear weapons, and the installment of INF in Europe, focusing on the potential for continuing East-West dialogue around disarmament.

  • December 13, 1984

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Reactivation of UEO (Ideas and factual data)'

    A brief document calling for the revival of the WEU as a means of creating a deeper and more unified European defense and security cooperation.