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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 25, 1991

    Memo, US Proposals Concerning Limited Non-Nuclear Space Defense and Missile Attack Warning System

    Memo on Soviet-American consultations in Washington between November 25 and 27, 1991. The American side proposed discussion of limited non-nuclear missile defense and early warning systems, but the Soviet side refused to be drawn into lengthy discussions. The US also rejected the Soviet proposal to create joint missile attack warning systems.

  • December 01, 1991

    Folder No. 105 [List of Documents about the Katyn Massacre]

    A list of Soviet era documents about the Katyn massacre produced from November 1939 through November 1991.

  • January 07, 1992

    The South Korean Passenger Aircraft Incident (1983)

    V.A. Martynov reviews Soviet archival sources on the shoot down of the Korean Air Lines Flight 007 in 1983.

  • June 21, 1992

    Assessment of the General Staff of the Navy on Russo-Japanese relations and the problems of territorial delimitation between Russia and Japan

    This document highlights the Russian military’s concerns about the potential of losing the Southern Kurils to the Japanese. The document stresses that Japan still sees Russia as its most probable enemy in the Far East, and has plans to capture the islands in wartime. Losing these islands would present formidable obstacles to the Soviet Union because the Japanese and their American allies would have direct and unimpeded access to the Sea of Okhotsk, while the Russians would be prevented from conducting air attacks against U.S. aircraft carrier force east of the Tsugaru Strait. The document also provides statistics on Soviet-US submarine collisions and Japanese violations of Soviet/Russian territorial waters.

  • August 03, 1992

    Letter from Presidential Advisor on Conversion, M. Maley, to Boris Yeltsin on "Binitek" and German Investment in Economic Development and the Defense Industry

    This letter expresses the preparedness of German business people to invest in the defense industry, technological development, and regional scientific industries in newly-independent Russia on the condition that they operate through a local buffer company. This issue was tied to the restoration of autonomy for Volga Germans residing in Russia.

  • January 26, 1993

    Speech by the Head of Delegation of Ukraine Y. I. Kostenko at the Opening of Negotiations with the Russian Federation on the Elimination of Nuclear Weapons

    At the opening of negotiations with Russia on the elimination of nuclear weapons from Ukraine, Kostenko discusses Ukraine's main concerns: ensuring reliable operation and storage of nuclear warheads in Ukraine until their liquidation, maintaining the Armed Forces of the CIS' control over the operation of Ukraine's nuclear arms, and the recognition that all weapons on Ukrainian territory or removed to Russia after independence belong to Ukraine which will determine how and where to safely dismantle them.

  • April 30, 1993

    Letter, Boris Yeltsin, President of the Russian Federation, to L.M. Kravchuk

    Boris Yeltsin writes to Kravchuk urging Ukraine to follow through with the implementation of START-1 as discussed per their negotiations in Moscow. He says that Russia will not recognize Ukraine's property right to nuclear weapons in Ukrainian territory and that Ukraine cannot use CIS structures to control its nuclear forces.To aid in the recycling of nuclear warheads in Ukraine, Yeltsin offers Russian assistance.

  • May 27, 1993

    Letter from G.F. Kunadze to E.A. Ambartsumov

    G.F. Kunadze is alarmed over North Korea's withdrawal from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

  • June 16, 1993

    Letter from G.F. Kunadze to S.A. Mikhailov

    G.F. Kunadze describes how the Russian Federation is seeking for North Korea to re-enter the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

  • July, 1993

    Statement on Security Guarantees to Ukraine

  • July 01, 1993

    V. Tolubko, 'Nuclear Weapons, Space Fleet: Decisions Cannot be Delayed'

    In a report to the Verkhovna Rada, Tolubko discusses three national security issues. He argues that Ukraine should either develop its own nuclear weapons industry or operate Ukrainian nuclear weapons jointly with Russia. He suggests that Ukraine should try to preserve its status as a space nation and should lease the naval base in Crimea to Russia.

  • August 12, 1993

    V.N. Shcherbin, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, 'Concerning the Situation at the 4th Unit'

    An outline of the reasons for the deterioration of the 4th block, largely owing to ventilation problems causing condensation to form, which freezes during winter and causes decay that can lead to the washing of nuclear particles into the surrounding atmosphere/groundwater. The report also proposes several emergency measures, such as improving ventilation systems, cleaning water from the block, and setting up of an investigation.

  • December 16, 1995

    Letter from Vitalii Kataev to Malyshev regarding a South Korean Company's Purchase of Russian Helicopters

    This letter, sent to the General Director of Kumertau Aviation, details a South Korean company's proposal to purchase 200 helicopters.

  • December 20, 1995

    Letter from Vitalii Kataev to General Director S. V. Mikheyev of the Kamov Firm regarding South Korean Purchase of Helicopters

    This letter details a South Korean proposal to purchase 200 helicopters from the Kamov Firm.

  • 1996

    Excerpts from Recollections by the Former Soviet Ambassador in North Korea Aleksandr Kapto

    Aleksandr Kapto reflects on the Soviet Union's normalization of relations with South Korea, and the consequential fallout in relations between North Korea and the USSR. According to Kapto, North Korea threatened to develop nuclear weapons and withdraw from the NPT as a result of Soviet-South Korean rapprochement.

  • 1999

    Babrak Karmal’s GRU dossier

    Chilhood, education, and political activity background of Babrak Karmal in Afganistan.

  • 1999

    Information regarding advisers, specialists, interpreters, and extended servicemen who died or were wounded in the period from 1980 to 1987

    Informational graphs of the number of advisers, specialists, interpreters, and extended servicemen who died or were wounded during 1980-1987.

  • 1999

    USSR Ministry of Defense and General Staff Operations Groups in Afghanistan

    A status report from the USSR Ministry of Defense and General Staff Operations Group, providing a summary of Soviet troops levels in Afghanistan.

  • 1999

    Background of Hafizullah Amin

    A background of H. Amin's childhood, interest in politics, and political activities in Afghanistan.

  • 1999

    Dossiers of political parties intent on exporting an Islamic revolution

    A Dossier reviewing the origins and policies of Islamic political parties, including: The Organization of Fighters of Afghanistan for Islam, The Movement of the Islamic Revolution (DIR), The Council of Islamic Accord (SIS), The Islamic Movement of Afghanistan (IDA), The United Front of the Islamic Revolution (OFIR), The Corps of Guardians of the Islamic Jihad of Afghanistan (KSIRA), The Party of Victory (“Nasr”), The Party of Allah (“Hezbe Allah”).